The foundational document for Alabama's government is the Alabama Constitution, which was ratified in 1901. At more than 800 amendments and 310,000+ words, it is the world's longest constitution and is roughly forty times the length of the U.S. Constitution. Though there has been significant movement to rewrite and modernize Alabama's constitution, any policy changes proposed around the state must be approved by the entire Alabama legislature and, frequently, by state referendum. Also known as the “Heart of Dixie,” Alabama’s capital is Montgomery but its largest city by population is Birmingham. Currently, Alabama has two Republican members of the U.S. Senate, a total of six members of the U.S. House of Representatives, 35 members of the Alabama State Senate and 105 members of the Alabama House of Representatives. As of September 2013, Alabama is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.
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