|I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • IX • X • XI •XII •XIII •XIV • XV • XVI • XVII • XVIII|
- 1 Notable features
- 2 Preamble
- 3 Articles
- 3.1 Article I: Declaration of Rights
- 3.2 Article II: State and County Boundaries
- 3.3 Article III: Distribution of Powers of Government
- 3.4 Article IV: Legislative Department
- 3.5 Article V: Executive Department
- 3.6 Article VI: Judicial Department
- 3.7 Article VII: Impeachments
- 3.8 Article VIII: Suffrage and Elections
- 3.9 Article IX: Representation
- 3.10 Article X: Exemptions
- 3.11 Article XI: Taxation
- 3.12 Article XII: Corporations
- 3.13 Article XIII: Banks and Banking
- 3.14 Article XIV: Education
- 3.15 Article XV: Militia
- 3.16 Article XVI: Oath of Office
- 3.17 Article XVII: Miscellaneous Provisions
- 3.18 Article XVIII: Mode of Amending the Constitution
- 4 Amending state constitutions
- 5 Amendments
- 6 History
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
- 9 Further reading
- 10 References
The Alabama Constitution has been amended more than 800 times since 1901 and is the longest constitution in the world.
- See also: Preambles to state constitutions
The Preamble of the Alabama Constitution states:
Article I of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Declaration of Rights and consists of 36 sections.
Article II of the Alabama Constitution is entitled State and County Boundaries and consists of five sections.
Article III of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Distribution of Powers of Government and consists of two sections.
Article IV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Legislative Department and consists of 68 sections.
Article V of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Executive Department and consists of 27 sections.
Article VI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Judicial Department and consists of 34 sections.
Article VII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Impeachments and consists of four sections.
Article VIII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Suffrage and Elections and consists of 20 sections.
Article IX of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Representation and consists of seven sections.
Article X of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Exemptions and consists of seven sections.
Article XI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Taxation and consists of nine sections.
Article XII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Corporations and consists of 26 sections.
Article XIII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Banks and Banking and consists of nine sections.
Article XIV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Education and consists of 15 sections.
Article XV of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Militia and consists of eight sections.
Article XVI of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Oath of Office and consists of one sections.
Article XVII of the Alabama Constitution is entitled Miscellaneous Provisions and consists of four sections.
Article XVIII of the Alabama Constitution is labeled Mode of Amending the Constitution. It has four sections (Sections 284, 285, 286 and 287) which taken together lay out the ways in which the Alabama Constitution can go through the process of constitutional amendment.
Article XVIII of the Alabama Constitution defines two ways to amend the state constitution:
- If both houses of the Alabama State Legislature by a three-fifths (60%) vote agree, then a proposed constitutional amendment shall go on a statewide election ballot. If that amendment is approved by a simple majority of those voting in that election, it becomes part of the constitution.
- Amendments can initiate in either the Alabama State Senate or the Alabama House of Representatives.
- Amendments can be voted on either at the next general election, or at a special election date determined by the state legislature. Any such special elections must take place "not less than" three months after the final adjournment of the session of the legislature during which the amendment(s) was proposed.
- Notice of the fact that an election on a proposed amendment is going to take place must be published in each county of the state for at least eight successive weeks prior to the election.
- If both chambers of the state legislature agree by a simple majority vote, then a ballot question about whether to have a statewide constitutional convention can be placed on the ballot; if that question is approved by a majority of those voting in that election, then a constitutional convention will be called.
As of January 2014, there were 880 amendments to the state of Alabama's Constitution. See a list of amendments to Alabama's constitution here.
Alabama has had six constitutions to date, all established via State Conventions: 1819 (Converting Alabama Territory into a State), 1861 (Secession), 1865 (Reconstruction), 1868 (Ending reconstruction), 1875 and the current 1901 constitution. Many of the original provisions that were blatantly racist or were aimed at disenfranchising black and poor white voters have been removed, and current efforts focus on repealing provisions that prevent counties from deciding issues of local importance and cripple economic development and on reforming burdensome tax policies. The document, having been amended more than 800 times, remains the longest in the world, containing numerous detailed provisions not found in any other constitution.
- State constitution
- Constitutional article
- Constitutional amendment
- Constitutional revision
- Constitutional convention
- Text of the Constitution
- An Overview of Alabama's Six Constitutions
- Alabama Citizens for Constitutional Reform
- It's a Thick Book
- Connor, George E. Connor, and Christopher W. Hammons (2008). The Constitutionalism of American States. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press.
- McMillan, Malcolm Cook (1955). Constitutional Development in Alabama, 1798-1901: A Study in Politics, the Negro, and Sectionalism. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.