|There are nine justices on the Alabama Supreme Court, each elected to six-year terms. They appear on partisan election ballots statewide and must face re-election if they wish to serve again. For more information about these elections, visit the Alabama judicial elections page.
- See also: Partisan elections
Selection of the chief justice
The chief justice of the court is selected by popular vote, serving in that office for his or her full six-year term.
To serve on this court, a judge must be:
- licensed to practice law for at least 10 years;
- a state resident for at least one year;
- under the age of 70 at the time of election (judges who turn 70 in office may serve until their term expires)
These specific requirements are fairly new. The ten-year law license requirement was established in 2009.
Should a vacancy occur between regularly scheduled elections, which take place in November of even-numbered years, an interim justice is appointed by the governor. Any justice appointed in this fashion must then stand for election in the next general election occurring at least one year after taking office.
Modifying this rule, the counties of Baldwin, Jefferson, Madison, Mobile, Talladega and Tuscaloosa use judicial nominating commissions to fill vacancies. The governor chooses his or her appointee from a pool of the commission's nominees. Each county individually determines the size, composition and procedures for its nominating commission.