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Alabama judicial elections

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Judges in Alabama are elected in partisan elections held in even numbered years.[1][2]

Primary election

Candidates for judge or justice who wish to run on a party ticket must qualify to run in an open primary by obtaining the legally required number of signatures to get on the ballot.[3] The primary for all political parties is the held on the second Tuesday in June of the election year.[4] Candidates can only qualify for one party. The winners from each party proceed to a general election in November. If no candidate in a race wins more than 50 percent of the vote, a runoff determines who will advance to the general election. The top two primary placers advance to the runoff.[2] If a candidate qualifies on a party ticket and is unopposed, their name is not placed on the primary ticket, but instead is placed automatically on the general election ballot.[5] Political parties can make rules restricting who participates in primaries, and participants can only vote in a single party's primary.[6]

General elections

Alabama general elections are held on the first Tuesday in November of every even-numbered year. If a victory margin is within one half of one percent, there will be an automatic recount unless the defeated candidate provides a waiver to the recount.[7]

Campaign conduct

According to Alabama's Canon of Judicial Ethics, a candidate shall not:

  • Make any promise of conduct in office other than to faithfully fulfill their duties.
  • Announce in advance their conclusions or rulings.
  • Knowingly misrepresent their identity, fabricate qualifications, or slander their opponents.[8]


Alabama judges serve for the following term lengths:[2]

Supreme Court Courts of Appeal Circuit Court District Court Probate Court
Partisan elections - Six-year terms Partisan elections - Six-year terms Partisan elections - Six-year terms Partisan elections - Six-year terms Partisan elections - Six-year terms

Alabama judges serve terms that begin the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January after the year they got elected.[2]


Statewide results are posted on the Secretary of State website.



See also

External links


AlabamaAlabama Supreme CourtAlabama Court of Civil AppealsAlabama Court of Criminal AppealsAlabama Circuit CourtsAlabama Municipal CourtsAlabama Probate CourtsAlabamaAlabama countiesAlabama judicial newsAlabama judicial electionsJudicial selection in AlabamaUnited States District Court for the Northern District of AlabamaUnited States District Court for the Middle District of AlabamaUnited States District Court for the Southern District of AlabamaUnited States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh CircuitAlabamaTemplate.jpg