Analysis of bond and tax issue approval on statewide ballots

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following sections will break down bond issues that were on the ballot in 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014, as well as tax measures that were on the ballot in those years.

Even-numbered years were chosen due to higher numbers of ballot measures being placed on the ballot in those years than odd-numbered years.

Dollar sign (reflective metallic).gif

A bond issue as it applies to ballots is when a state government, or a local unit of government (city, county, school district) places a question before the voters as a ballot measure, asking them to approve or deny additional proposed spending.

Quick stats:

  • A total of 68 bond measures appeared on the ballot in 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014.
  • A total of 126 tax measures appeared on the ballot in 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014.
  • In each year presented a total of 15 bond measures were approved each year.*
  • No more than 2 bond measures were defeated each year.*
  • A total of 45 bond measures were approved over those years, with 4 being defeated, for an approval rate of 92 percent.*
  • A total of 35 property tax measures were on the ballot in these years, the highest of the type of tax measures.

*Applies to 2008 - 2012, pending election results for 2014

2014

Bond issues

Bonds in 2014 Campaign Finance Ballotpedia.png
Total bond measures: 19
Approved: 19
Defeated: 0

The following are statistics of bond issues that were on the ballot in 2014. Only ballot measures that specified the amount of bonds that would be issued in its ballot text were included in this study.

The following chart shows the total amount of potential authorized bonds that were on the ballot in 2014 and how much money was approved versus how much was defeated. All 19 bond measures were approved by voters.

Bond issues appeared on primary and general election ballots in California, Hawaii, Maine, New Mexico, New York, Ohio and Rhode Island.

Total amount on 2014 ballot Approved total amount Defeated total amount
$11,454,000,000 $11,454,000,000 $0

Tax issues

As has been the trend over the past several years, taxes and bond issues turned out to be the two most prevalent issues on 2014 ballots. A total of 19 bond measures appeared in California, Hawaii, Maine, New Mexico, New York, Ohio and Rhode Island. The measures addressing tax issues, of which there were 23, appeared in a total of 14 states: Alaska, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Virginia, Washington and West Virginia.

Tax proposals Business Cigarette Income Inheritance Property Real estate Sales Other
Ban - - 1 - - - - -
Break 1 - - - - - - -
Cap 1 - 1 - 1 - - -
Decrease - - - - - - - -
Discount - - - - - - - -
Establishment 1 - - - 1 - - -
Exemption - - - - 5 - - 1
Increase 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 0
Renewal - - - - - - - -
Other 1 - - - 2 - - 3

2012

Bond issues

Bonds in 2012 Campaign Finance Ballotpedia.png
Total bond measures: 16
Approved: 15
Defeated: 1

The following are statistics of bond issues that were one the ballot in 2012. Only ballot measures that specified the amount of bonds that would be issued in its ballot text were included in this study:

The following chart shows the total amount of potential authorized bonds that were on the ballot in 2012, how much money was approved and how much was defeated.

Bond issues appeared in Alabama, Alaska, Maine, New Jersey, New Mexico and Rhode Island.

Total amount on 2012 ballot Approved total amount Defeated total amount
$2,370,089,500 $2,359,089,500 $11,000,000

Tax issues

22 measures dealing with taxes were on the ballot in 2012, not including process for exemption, relating to allocation of certain taxes, tax credits or returns. Only included were measures that specified the implementation of certain state taxes.

Tax proposals Business Cigarette Income Inheritance Property Real estate Sales Approved Approveda Defeated Defeatedd
Ban - - 1 1 - 1 - 1 2
Break 1 - - - - - - 0 1
Cap - - - - 1 - - 1 0
Decrease - - - - - - - 0 0
Discount - - - - 1 - - 1 0
Establishment - - - - 1 - 1 2 0
Exemption - - - - 7 - - 5 2
Increase - 2 2 - - - 2[1] 2[2] 3[3]
Renewal - - - - - - 1 0 1

2010

Bond issues

Bonds in 2010 Campaign Finance Ballotpedia.png
Total bond measures: 17
Approved: 15
Defeated: 2

The following are statistics of bond issues that were one the ballot in 2010. Only ballot measures that specified the amount of bonds that would be issued in its ballot text were included in this study:

The following chart shows the total amount of potential authorized bonds that were on the ballot in 2010, how much money was approved and how much was defeated.

Total amount on ballot Approved total amount Defeated amount
$2,944,740,064 $2,289,172,240 $655,567,824

Tax issues

22 measures dealing with taxes were on the ballot in 2010, not including process for exemption, relating to allocation of certain taxes, tax credits or returns. Only included were measures that specified the implementation of certain state taxes.

Tax proposals Business Property Real estate Sales Severance Veto referendum Approved Approveda Defeated Defeatedd
Ban - - 1 - - - 1 0
Cap - 2 - - - - 1 1
Decrease - 1 - 1 1 - 1 2
Elimination - 1 - 1 - - 1 1
Exemption - 8 - - - - 8 0
Increase - - - 1 - - 1 0
Repeal - - - 1 - - 1 0
Tax break elimination 1 - - - - - 0 1
Veto - - - - - 3 3 0

2008

Bond issues

Bonds in 2008 Campaign Finance Ballotpedia.png
Total bond measures: 16
Approved: 15
Defeated: 1

The following are statistics of bond issues that were one the ballot in 2008. Only ballot measures that specified the amount of bonds that would be issued in its ballot text were included in this study:

The following chart shows the total amount of potential authorized bonds that were on the ballot in 2008, how much money was approved and how much was defeated.

Total amount on ballot Approved total amount Defeated amount
$18,591,642,000 $13,591,642,000 $5,000,000,000

Tax issues

13 measures dealing with taxes were on the ballot in 2008, not including process for exemption, relating to allocation of certain taxes, tax credits or returns. Only included were measures that specified the implementation of certain state taxes.

Tax proposals Income Food Property Sales School Severance Oil issues Approved Approveda Defeated Defeatedd
Block - - 1 - - - - 1 0
Decrease 1 - - - - - - 0 1
Establish - - - 1 1 - 1 1 2
Exemption - - 2 1 - - - 3 0
Increase - - - 2 - 1 - 1 2
Repeal 1 - - - - - - 0 1
Veto - 1 - - - - - 1 0

References

  1. A Georgia tax establishment measure was broken into 12 different referendums, so results vary.
  2. A Georgia tax establishment measure was broken into 12 different referendums, so results vary.
  3. A Georgia tax establishment measure was broken into 12 different referendums, so results vary.