|U.S. House, Arizona, District 1|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||1|
|Predecessor||Paul Gosar (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Cost per vote||$19.18 in 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next primary||August 26, 2014|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|United States House of Representatives|
|Arizona State House of Representatives|
|Bachelor's||University of Arizona|
|J.D.||University of Arizona|
|Birthday||March 14, 1950|
|Place of birth||McNary, AZ|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Kirkpatrick is one of nine individuals elected to U.S. House in 2012 who have prior congressional experience and one of five House Democrats ousted in 2010 to win back a seat two years later. She formerly served in the 111th congress and won re-election for the 113th congress.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Kirkpatrick is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, she may break with the Democratic Party line more than her fellow members.
Kirkpatrick was brought up on White Mountain Apache Nation reservation, located in eastern Arizona, where she learned to speak Apache in addition to English. Kirkpatrick's parents - her mother taught public school and her father owned a general store - were not of Native-American descent. When she was in elementary school, the future congresswoman campaigned for her uncle, William Bourdon, a former member of the State House.
She has a bachelor's degree (1972) and a law degree (1979) from the University of Arizona. Between undergraduate and law school, Kirkpatrick worked as a teacher. After receiving her J.D., she began her legal career as a deputy county attorney for the Coconino County and Pima County Attorney’s Office, prosecuting largely drug-crimes. In 1990, Kirkpatrick segued into the position of Sedona City Attorney.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Kirkpatrick's academic, professional and political career:
- 1972: Graduated from the University of Arizona with a B.A.
- 1979: Graduated from the James E. Rogers College of Law at the University of Arizona with a J.D.
- 1980: Deputy county attorney, Coconino County, Arizona
- 2005-2007: Arizona House of Representatives
- 2009-2011: U.S. Representative from Arizona
- 2013-Present: U.S. Representative from Arizona
Kirkpatrick serves on the following committees:
- United States House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public Buildings and Emergency Management
- Subcommittee on Highways and Transit
- Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment
- United States House Committee on Veterans' Affairs
- Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity
- Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Ranking Member
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. For more information pertaining to Kirkpatrick's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Kirkpatrick voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Kirkpatrick voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.
Kirkpatrick voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Kirkpatrick voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.
On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Kirkpatrick joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Kirkpatrick voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Kirkpatrick voted for HR 2775.
Federal Pay Adjustment Act
Kirkpatrick voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Kirkpatrick was 1 of 144 Democrats who voted against it.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Kirkpatrick voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Healthcare Reform Rules
Kirkpatrick voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Kirkpatrick voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Kirkpatrick is a Moderate Liberal Populist. Kirkpatrick received a score of 50 percent on personal issues and 34 percent on economic issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Strongly Favors||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Favors|
|Expand ObamaCare||Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Favors|
|Vouchers for school choice||Opposes||Keep God in the public sphere||Favors|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Strongly Favors||Human needs over animal rights||Neutral|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Favors||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Unknown|
|Support & expand free trade||Unknown||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Strongly Opposes|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Strongly Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Unknown|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Opposes||Expand the military||Unknown|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Strongly Favors||Stay out of Iran||Favors|
|Privatize Social Security||Strongly Opposes||Never legalize marijuana||Unknown|
|Note: Information last updated in 2014.|
Collaboration with Paul Gosar
Kirkpatrick teamed up with her former 2010 campaign rival, Paul Gosar, in order to pass legislation that would allow one of the world's largest undeveloped copper resources to be mined by Resolution Copper Mining Co. The Southeast Arizona Land Exchange and Conservation Act would give 2,400 acres of the Tonto National Forest to the company in exchange for over 5,000 acres of land the company owns throughout the state for conservation.
This is a rare bi-partisan partnership in which two former campaign opponents are both representing their state in the U.S. House and even collaborating to pass a significant bill. Kirkpatrick said the following about the partnership, "We both immediately put aside partisan politics for the needs of the people in the district. We were able to find common ground on something that should never be a partisan issue — jobs." Gosar echoed similar sentiments with his statement, "We were elected to serve our districts, and that demands putting bygones aside. That’s what leadership’s all about. You develop a thick skin. And once all the chips have been played, you make sure you’re working on behalf of Arizona."
Not everyone sees the collaboration as positive. Many environmental groups and American Indian tribes raised concerns about water contamination and the destruction of recreational and religious sites.
Kirkpatrick's collaboration with Gosar worries some Republican strategists, who think that Gosar is giving Kirkpatrick an opportunity to campaign as a bipartisan figure in the 2014 congressional election. Kirkpatrick will badly need some Republican and Independent votes in the election, as she is currently representing one of the most vulnerable districts currently held by a Democrat.
Kirkpatrick's campaign website lists the following issues:
- 2nd Amendment
- Excerpt: "I am a strong supporter of the 2nd Amendment. The NRA has awarded me an "A" rating for my efforts to defend Second Amendment rights."
- Immigration and Border Security
- Excerpt: "Immigration and border security issues are especially urgent here in Arizona, but unfortunately we’ve seen many elected officials and candidates use these issues for their own political gain instead of actually solving the problems."
- Jobs for Arizona
- Excerpt: "It’s all about jobs. We need jobs in Greater Arizona, and we need to get folks back to work. Our middle class has been smashed by the recession and is struggling to keep up with the rising cost of basic living expenses, gasoline, college education, and health care. I am committed to making Greater Arizona home to a revived middle class by making the creation of good-paying local jobs my top priority. "
- Protecting Medicare and Social Security
- Excerpt: "Our seniors worked hard and held jobs their whole lives to earn the benefits that Medicare and Social Security provide. During this economic downturn, seniors are counting on Social Security and Medicare more than ever, and after years of hard work, they deserve the peace of mind these programs provide."
- Building Critical Infrastructure
- Excerpt: "I strongly support creating thousands of good-paying jobs in Greater Arizona and empowering our economic recovery through investments in critical infrastructure projects."
Kirkpatrick is seeking re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She faces no opposition in the Democratic primary on August 26, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.
The National Republican Congressional Committee listed Kirkpatrick's seat as one of seven early targets in the 2014 congressional elections. The seven targets align perfectly with the seven most Republican districts currently held by Democrats, according to FairVote's partisanship index. Kirkpatrick's district ranks as the 6th most Republican (45% D).
Kirkpatrick is a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program is designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2014 election.
Kirkpatrick won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Arizona's 1st District. She defeated Wenona Benally Baldenegro in the Democratic primary on August 28, 2012. She defeated Jonathan Paton (R) and Kim Allen (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
According to the website Daily Kos, this race was one of nine top-ballot 2012 races that contained a Libertarian candidate who received more total votes than was the difference between the Democratic winner and the GOP runner-up. In this case, Kim Allen took in over 6,500 more votes than the number that separated Kirkpatrick and Paton.
|U.S. House, Arizona District 1 General Election, 2012|
|Source: Arizona Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|U.S. House, Arizona District 1 Democratic Primary, 2012|
|Wenona Benally Baldenegro||36.3%||19,247|
Comprehensive donor information for Kirkpatrick is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Kirkpatrick raised a total of $2,349,203 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.
|Ann Kirkpatrick's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (Arizona, District 1)||$2,349,203|
|Grand Total Raised||$2,349,203|
|Ann Kirkpatrick (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$7,757.86||$314,137.54||$(76,999.97)||$244,895.43|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$244,895.43||$311,893.37||$(104,011.45)||$452,777.35|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$452,777.35||$295,690.75||$(95,816.14)||$652,651.96|
|Year-End||January 31, 2014||$652,651||$268,973||$(97,465)||$824,159|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$824,159||$321,881||$(109,861)||$1,036,178|
Kirkpatrick won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Kirkpatrick's campaign committee raised a total of $2,349,203 and spent $2,355,342. This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Kirkpatrick spent $19.18 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Arizona District 1, 2012 - Ann Kirkpatrick Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$1,477,836|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$1,489,294|
|Top contributors to Ann Kirkpatrick's campaign committee|
|Pinnacle West Capital||$16,900|
|Democratic Congressional Campaign Cmte||$15,680|
|Salt River Project||$10,742|
|American Fedn of St/Cnty/Munic Employees||$10,200|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Public Sector Unions||$71,200|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The K-Street Metric
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Kirkpatrick's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $693,015 and $1,645,000. That averages to $1,169,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Kirkpatrick ranked as the 190th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2007 and 2012, Kirkpatrick's calculated net worth increased by an average of 40 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Ann Kirkpatrick Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2007 to 2012:||202%|
|Average annual growth:||40%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Kirkpatrick most often votes with:
Kirkpatrick least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Kirkpatrick missed 73 of 1,744 roll call votes from January 2009 to March 2013. This amounts to 4.2%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Kirkpatrick has voted with the Democratic Party 90.7% of the time. This ranked 172nd among the 201 House Democrats as of June 2013.
Kirkpatrick and her husband, Roger, have two children.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Ann + Kirkpatrick + Arizona + Congress"
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States House of Representatives
- United States congressional delegations from Arizona
- Arizona's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014
- Arizona's 1st Congressional District
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- The New York Times, "Election brings seasoned politicians to congress," December 8, 2012
- The Washington Post, "Political comeback kids to take seats again in the House," November 18, 2012
- Politico, "2012 Election Map" November 6, 2012
- Washington Post, "House Democrats Face Long Odds in 2014," accessed December 7, 2012
- National Journal, "Kirkpatrick, Arizona 1st House District," November 7, 2012
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Ann Kirkpatrick," accessed June 11, 2011
- CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
- NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- On The Issues, "Ann Kirkpatrick Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
- Azcentral.com, "Job creation at copper plant credited for Gosar-Kirkpatrick alliance," February 17, 2013
- Politico, "Ann Kirkpatrick, Paul Gosar: Congress’s Arizona odd couple," August 19, 2013
- Campaign website, "Issues," accessed June 10, 2014
- Washington Post, "House Democrats Face Long Odds in 2014," accessed December 7, 2012
- The Hill, "NRCC, promising to 'stay on offense,' targets seven Dems," accessed January 16, 2013
- FairVote, "NRCC Targets Foreshadow Power of Partisanship in 2014 Elections," January 18, 2013
- Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, "DCCC Chairman Steve Israel Announces 2013-2014 Frontline Members," accessed March 5, 2013
- Arizona Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," November 6, 2012
- Associated Press, "Primary results," August 28, 2012
- Daily Kos, "Libertarians provided the margin for Democrats and at least nine elections," November 15, 2012
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Ann Kirkpatrick," accessed March 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick Summary Report," accessed July 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Ann Kirkpatrick 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
- OpenSecrets, "Ann Kirkpatrick (D-Ariz), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- Gov Track, "Ann Kirkpatrick," accessed June 4, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Ann Kirkpatrick," accessed July 30, 2013
- GovTrack, "Ann Kirkpatrick," accessed April 2, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 4, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Biography," accessed August 2, 2012
|U.S. House, Arizona, District 1
January 3, 2013-Present
| Succeeded by|
State of Arizona
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Commissioner of Lands | Director of Labor | Chairman of Corporation Commission | State Mine Inspector |