Governor of Arizona
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2012 FY Budget:||$6,788,600|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Arizona Constitution, Article V, Section 1|
|Assumed office:||January 5, 2015|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other Arizona Executive Offices|
|Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Superintendent of Public Instruction• Auditor• Agriculture Director • Insurance Director• Lands Commissioner• Labor Director• Corporation Commission• State Mine Inspector|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 History
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of April 2015, Arizona is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
The 23rd and current Governor of Arizona is Doug Ducey (R). Ducey was elected to the position in 2014, and was sworn in January 5, 2015. He succeeded Gov. Jan Brewer (R), who was ineligible to for re-election in 2014 because of term limits.
The executive department shall consist of the governor, secretary of state, state treasurer, attorney general, and superintendent of public instruction...
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
Under Article V, Section 2, the governor must be at least 25 years old, a qualified voter in Arizona, and have been both an American citizen for 10 years and a resident of Arizona for a minimum of five years on election day.
No person shall be eligible to any of the offices mentioned in section 1 of this article except a person of the age of not less than twenty-five years, who shall have been for ten years next preceding his election a citizen of the United States, and for five years next preceding his election a citizen of Arizona.
Per Article 5, Section 1 (Version 2) of the state constitution, Arizona elects governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026). The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in January following the election.
Originally, Article 5, Section 1 of the Arizona Constitution called for the legislature to decide the election in the case of a tie vote. The procedure was changed with the passage of Proposition 107 in 1992, which calls for a second election following a tie. If no candidate receives a plurality of the votes in the second election, the state legislature chooses between the two candidates.
| A. The executive department shall consist of the governor, secretary of state, state treasurer, attorney general, and superintendent of public instruction, each of whom shall hold office for a term of four years beginning on the first Monday of January, 1971 next after the regular general election in 1970.
- See also: Arizona Gubernatorial election, 2014
|Governor of Arizona, 2014|
|Libertarian||Barry J. Hess||3.8%||57,337|
|Americans Elect||J.L. Mealer||1%||15,432|
|Election Results via Arizona Secretary of State.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Arizona governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|No member of the executive department shall hold that office for more than two consecutive terms. This limitation on the number of terms of consecutive service shall apply to terms of office beginning on or after January 1, 1993. No member of the executive department after serving the maximum number of terms, which shall include any part of a term served, may serve in the same office until out of office for no less than one full term.|
To view the electoral history dating back to 2002 for the office of Governor of Arizona, Click [show] to expand the section.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
As Arizona is one of the six U.S. states with no lieutenant governor, the vacancy rules for the governor's office are somewhat more complex than other states. In the event that the governor is unable to discharge the office for any reason, the Arizona Secretary of State succeeds if two conditions are met; the Secretary of State must be serving as an elected officer and must meet the requirements to hold the governorship.
If either of those criteria do not hold, then the attorney general, the state treasurer and the state schools superintendent are, in descending order, the next in line to succeed the governor, subject to the same criteria as the Secretary of State.
Legally, taking the governor's oath of office is treated as an official resignation from the previous office held. Whenever the secretary of state or any other officer becomes the governor, he or she has the full powers and emoluments of the office and serves until the next election.
The same line of succession holds when disability or absence means the governor is temporarily unable to discharge the office.
The governor has a line-item veto on money appropriations, but otherwise the veto power and procedure is the same as for the President of the United States. However, he cannot veto emergency measures or bills that were voted for by the people in a referendum.
The governor is the commander of the state's National Guard except when it is placed under federal control.
He may call the legislature into extraordinary session and must appear before the legislature at least once during each session to deliver a "State of the State" address, commenting on Arizona's political and economic situation and laying out his policies for the coming year.
- ensuring all laws of Arizona are faithfully upheld
- transacting all state business within the executive branch, including ordering reports and information from other executive officers
- granting reprieves, commutation, and pardons, after convictions, for all offenses except treason and cases of impeachment
- approving, or vetoing, all bills passed by the legislature
- appointing someone to fill vacancies in all state offices where a manner for filling a vacancy is not already provided for by law
- issuing, signing, and sealing all commissions granted by the state and delivering them to Secretary of State, who will attest to them
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Arizona has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: Arizona state budget and finances
- Budget instructions are sent to state agencies on June 1 of the year preceding the start of the new biennium
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor by September 1.
- Agency hearings are held in November and December.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January.
- From January through April, the legislature debates the budget. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
The governor is required by law to submit a balanced budget to the legislature. In turn, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2012 was $6,788,600.
The salaries of the governor and other elected executives in Arizona are determined by the Arizona Commission on Salaries for Elective State Officers. This five-member committee is sanctioned by Article 5, Section 12 of the Arizona Constitution. Two members are appointed by the governor and one member each is appointed by the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House and the Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court.
Commission members meet prior to June 1 of each even-numbered year to produce salary recommendations for the governor. The governor may accept, reject or modify recommendations prior to delivery to state legislators. The legislature has 90 days following the governor's transmission of the recommendations to reject or modify salary proposals. If no changes are made, the commission's recommendations take effect following the next election for applicable offices.
In 2010, the governor received compensation in the amount of $95,000, the 44th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
|1||George W. Hunt||February 14, 1912-January 1, 1917||Democratic|
|2||Thomas E. Campbell||January 1, 1917-December 25, 1917||Republican|
|1||George W. Hunt||December 25, 1917-January 6, 1919||Democratic|
|2||Thomas E. Campbell||January 6, 1919-January 1, 1923||Republican|
|3||George W. Hunt||January 1, 1923-January 7 1929||Democratic|
|4||John C. Phillips||Januuary 7, 1929-January 5, 1931||Republican|
|5||George W. Hunt||January 5, 1931-January 2, 1933||Democratic|
|6||Benjamin B. Moeur||January 2, 1933-January 4, 1937||Democratic|
|7||Rawghlie C. Stanford||January 4, 1937-January 2, 1939||Democratic|
|8||Robert T. Jones||January 2, 1939-January 6, 1941||Democratic|
|9||Sidney P. Osborn||January 6, 1941-May 25, 1948||Democratic|
|10||Dan Garvey||May 25, 1948-January 1, 1951||Democratic|
|11||John H. Pyle||January 1, 1951-January 3, 1955||Republican|
|12||Ernest W. McFarland||January 3, 1955-January 5, 1959||Democratic|
|13||Paul Fannin||January 5, 1959-January 4, 1965||Republican|
|14||Samuel P. Goddard, Jr.||January 4, 1965-January 2, 1967||Democratic|
|15||Jack Williams||January 2, 1967-January 6, 1975||Republican|
|16||Raul H. Castro||January 6, 1975-October 20, 1977||Democratic|
|17||Wesley Bolin||October 20, 1977-March 4, 1978||Democratic|
|18||Bruce Babbitt||March 4, 1978-January 5, 1987||Democratic|
|19||Evan Mecham||January 5, 1987-April 4, 1988||Republican|
|20||Rose Mofford||April 4, 1988-March 6, 1991||Democratic|
|21||J. Fife Symington, III||March 6, 1991-September 5, 1997||Republican|
|22||Jane Dee Hull||September 5, 1997-January 6, 2003||Republican|
|23||Janet Napolitano||January 6, 2003-January 21, 2009||Democratic|
|24||Jan Brewer||January 21, 2009-January 5, 2015||Republican|
|25||Doug Ducey||January 5, 2015-present||Republican|
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, there were Democratic governors in office for 6 years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years, including the last 11. Arizona was under Republican trifectas for the last five years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Arizona state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Arizona had Republican trifectas between 1993 and 2001 and between 2009 and 2013, but no Democratic trifectas during the period of the study. Between these two trifectas, Arizona had divided government. In three separate years, Arizona ranked in the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking, two of which occurred under Republican trifectas (1996 and 1997) and the other during divided government (2002). Arizona’s highest SQLI ranking occurred in 2006 (16th), under divided government, while its lowest ranking (41st) occurred in 2002 under divided government.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 36.33
- SQLI average with divided government: 27.22
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Governor of Arizona
1700 West Washington
Phoenix, Arizona 85007
Telephone: (602) 542-4331
Toll Free: 1-(800) 253-0883
Fax: (602) 542-1381
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Arizona State Legislature, "FY 2012 Appropriations Report," accessed May 27, 2013
- North Dakota Legislative Council, "Arizona Commission on Salaries for Elective State Officers-Legislative Pay Recommendations," July 2000
- East Valley Tribune, "Commission rejects pay hikes for Arizona governor, other state officials," August 5, 2012
- Arizona Capitol Times, "Commission recommends $11,000 pay increase for state lawmakers," June 25, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed November 14, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- The Council of State Governments, "Book of the States 2010 -- Table 4.11," accessed July 6, 2011
- National Governors Association, "Arizona:Past Governors Bios," accessed July 26, 2013
State of Arizona
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Commissioner of Lands | Director of Labor | Chairman of Corporation Commission | State Mine Inspector |