Arizona House of Representatives
|Arizona House of Representatives|
|Term limits:||4 terms (8 years)|
|2015 session start:||January 12, 2015|
|Website:||Official House Page|
|House Speaker:||David Gowan (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Steve Montenegro (R)|
|Minority Leader:||Eric Meyer (D)|
Democratic Party (24)
Republican Party (36)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||Art 4, Arizona Constitution|
|Salary:||$24,000/year + per diem|
|Last Election:||November 4, 2014 (60 seats)|
|Next election:||November 8, 2016 (60 seats)|
|Redistricting:||Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission|
- 1 Sessions
- 2 Ethics and transparency
- 3 Elections
- 4 Redistricting
- 5 Representatives
- 6 Standing committees
- 7 History
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
As of April 2015, Arizona is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Article IV of the Arizona Constitution establishes when the Arizona State Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Section 3 of the Second Part of the Article contains the relevant provisions. It states that sessions are to convene on the second Monday of January of each year.
Section 3 also allows the governor of Arizona to call special sessions of the Legislature.
- See also: Dates of 2015 state legislative sessions
In 2015, the Legislature was in session from January 12 to April 2.
Major issues during the 2015 legislative session included a $520 million budget deficit, settling a school funding inflation lawsuit and the state's College and Career Ready Standards.
- See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions
In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 13 to May 1.
Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included student success-based K-12 funding and university funding.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through June 14.
Losing super-majorities in the House and Senate, Republicans no longer wielded the same level of power and compromises were more likely. Gov. Jan Brewer (R) said her legislative priorities included education standards and simplifying the state's transaction privilege tax.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the Legislature was in regular session from January 10 through May 3.
- See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions
In 2011, the House was in regular session from January 10 through April 20. Three special sessions were called in Arizona for 2011. The first special session was convened on January 19, addressing requests for a federal Medicaid exemption. A second special session was called by Governor Jan Brewer on February 14, 2011. The special session ran in tandem with the regular session, and was convened to consider business tax cuts as part of an economic development package proposed to add jobs by encouraging businesses to expand and relocate in Arizona. The third special session was convened on June 10 to extend unemployment benefits. The session lasted two days, and ended on June 13 without a vote on Governor Brewer's proposal. Brewer refuses to call another special session until lawmakers support the unemployment extension.
In the 2011 session, Arizona fixed its $1.5 billion shortfall by eliminating $1.1 billion in spending. There were no new taxes instated to help with the reductions, only tax cuts. The legislature sliced the corporate income tax rate from 6.9 percent to 4.9 percent.
- See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions
In 2010, the House was in regular session from January 11th to April 29th. The Legislature was also convened in special session since February 1st.
Role in state budget
- See also: Arizona state budget and finances
- Budget instructions are sent to state agencies on June 1 of the year preceding the start of the new biennium
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor by September 1.
- Agency hearings are held in November and December.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January.
- From January through April, the legislature debates the budget. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
The governor is required by law to submit a balanced budget to the legislature. In turn, the legislature is legally required to pass a balanced budget.
The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 indicating that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis, while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. The challenges states faced included a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Arizona was one of 11 states that made rare use of cost-benefit analyses in policy and budget processes.
Ethics and transparency
Following the Money report
- See also: "Following the Money" report, 2014
The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending. According to the report, Arizona received a grade of B and a numerical score of 84, indicating that Arizona was "advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.
Open States Transparency
The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Arizona was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data was to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A: Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
Elections for the office of Arizona House of Representatives took place in 2014. A primary election took place on August 26, 2014. The general election was held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was May 28, 2014.
This chamber was mentioned in a November 2012 Pew Center on the States article that addressed supermajorities at stake in the 2012 election. Supermajority generally means a party controls two-thirds of all seats. While it varies from state to state, being in this position gives a party much greater power. Going into the election, Republicans in the Arizona House held a supermajority, which Democrats looked to cut into.
In the general election on November 6, 2012 Democrats were able to pick up seven seats, reducing the Republican majority from the supermajority it had prior the election of 40-19 to a majority of 34-26 after the election.
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 26, 2010, and the primary Election Day was August 24, 2010.
Contributions in the 2010 elections for House candidates totaled $5,311,375 for the 166 candidates. The top ten contributors were:
|2010 Donors, Arizona House of Representatives|
|McGee, Kate Brophy||$65,033|
|McGee, Catherine Brophy||$31,169|
|Arizona Association of Realtors||$22,756|
|Arizona Education Association||$19,156|
Elections for the office of Arizona House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 2, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.
During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $5,531,238. The top 10 contributors were:
|2008 Donors, Arizona House of Representatives|
|Cmte to Elect Robert Blendu||$30,560|
|Kilburn, Pat E||$17,701|
|Arizona Association of Realtors||$12,478|
|Salt River Project||$8,290|
|Arizona Medical Association||$8,020|
Elections for the office of Arizona House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.
During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $4,354,506. The top 10 contributors were:
|2006 Donors, Arizona House of Representatives|
|Smith, David Burnell||$34,524|
|Barto, Nancy K||$23,000|
|Arizona Association of Realtors||$22,722|
|Home Builders Association of Central Arizona||$12,344|
|Salt River Project||$10,392|
|Re-elect Eddie Farnsworth||$9,648|
|Groe, Trish L||$7,800|
Elections for the office of Arizona House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 7, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.
During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $3,816,633. The top 10 contributors were:
|2004 Donors, Arizona House of Representatives|
|Arizona Association of Realtors||$20,434|
|Brown, Jack A||$18,000|
|Salt River Project||$7,400|
|Arizona Medical Association||$7,220|
Elections for the office of Arizona House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 10, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.
During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $4,079,565. The top 10 contributors were:
|2002 Donors, Arizona House of Representatives|
|Miller, Kenneth F||$45,140|
|Konopnicki, William (Bill)||$31,730|
|Arizona Association of Realtors||$16,900|
Elections for the office of Arizona House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.
During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $3,918,039. The top 10 contributors were:
|2000 Donors, Arizona House of Representatives|
|Blewster, Barbara B||$94,347|
|Steve May 2002||$84,000|
|Arizona Education Association||$25,348|
|John Nelson Campaign Cmte||$25,347|
|Arizona Republican Party||$20,510|
|Arizona Association of Realtors||$18,979|
Article 4, Part 2, Section 2 of the Arizona Constitution states: "No person shall be a member of the Legislature unless he shall be a citizen of the United States at the time of his election, nor unless he shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and shall have been a resident of Arizona at least three years and of the county from which he is elected at least one year before his election."
| How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures |
If there is a vacancy in the Arizona Legislature, the Board of County Supervisors must select a replacement. The political party committee is involved in the appointment process only if the legislative district has thirty or more elected precinct committeemen.
If the legislative district has 30 or more elected precinct committeemen:
The secretary of state is required to contact the state party chairperson to give notice of the vacancy. The state chairperson must give notice of a meeting to fill the seat within three days of receiving notice.
The precinct committeemen must nominate three qualified electors as replacements. If the Legislature is in session, this must occur within five days. If the Legislature is out of session, the committeemen have 21 days to nominate potential replacements. Each elector must receive a majority of the committeemen to earn a nomination. The chair then forwards the three nominees to the Board of Supervisors. The Board of Supervisors appoints a nominee from the three names. If the committeemen do not submit a list of names within the allotted timeframe, the Board of Supervisors proceed with the vacancy as if the district had fewer than 30 elected precinct committeemen.
If the legislative district has fewer than 30 elected precinct committeemen:
The Board of County Supervisors appoints a panel of citizen supervisors within three business days of a vacancy occurring. That panel has seven business days to submit the name of three qualified electors of the same political party as the previous incumbent to the Board of Supervisors. Within five business days of receiving the list, the Board of Supervisors must select a replacement by a majority vote.
The person selected to fill the seat serves the remainder of the unfilled term.
- See also: State legislatures with term limits
The Arizona legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Arizona Term Limits Act in 1992. That initiative said that Arizona senators are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms, or a total of eight years.
- See also: Redistricting in Arizona
Since the passing of Proposition 106 in 2000, redistricting has been handled by the five-member Independent Redistricting Commission, consisting of two Republicans, two Democrats, and one independent.
Arizona received its census data on March 9, 2011. Although the state grew by almost 25 percent -- second in the nation to Nevada's 35 percent -- some population areas did not meet growth expectations.
Overall, the population figures showed large growth in Arizona's Hispanic population. The white population fell from 65.1 percent to 59.4 percent, while the Hispanic population grew from 25 percent to 30 percent. Across the state, the suburbs grew faster than major cities.
On December 20, 2011, the Commission approved new maps along party lines; all of this came after Republicans suggested that the commission be abolished, and its chairwoman was effectively removed by Governor Jan Brewer and subsequently reinstated by the Arizona Supreme Court.
- See also: Partisan composition of state houses
|Party||As of April 2015|
The House elects a Speaker who serves as presiding officer of the body. Duties of the Speaker include preserving order and decorum, deciding point of order, appointing a Speaker Pro Tempore, and may vote in all cases except to determine the Speakers own rulings.
|Current Leadership, Arizona House of Representatives|
|State Speaker of the House||David Gowan||Republican|
|State House Speaker Pro Tempore||Bob Robson||Republican|
|State House Majority Leader||Steve Montenegro||Republican|
|State House Majority Whip||David Livingston||Republican|
|State House Minority Leader||Eric Meyer||Democratic|
|State House Assistant Minority Leader||Bruce Wheeler||Democratic|
|State House Minority Whip||Rebecca Rios||Democratic|
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
Arizona state senators are paid $24,000/year. They are also paid a per diem of $35/day for the first 120 days of regular session and for special sessions and $10/day thereafter. Senators who live outside of Maricopa County are given an additional $25/day for the 1st 120 days of regular session and for special sessions and an additional $10/day thereafter.
When sworn in
Arizona legislators assume office on the first day of the session after they are elected. Each regular session begins on the second Monday in January.
The Arizona House of Representatives has 19 standing committees.
- Agriculture, Water and Lands
- Banking and Financial Services
- Children and Family Affairs
- County and Municipal Affairs
- Energy, Environment and Natural Resources
- Federalism and States' Rights
- Government and Higher Education
- Military Affairs and Public Safety
- Rural and Economic Development
- Transportation and Infrastructure
- Ways and Means
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Arizona State House of Representatives. The Arizona State House is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the final five years of the study, Arizona was under Republican trifectas.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Arizona state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Arizona had Republican trifectas between 1993 and 2001 and between 2009 and 2013, but no Democratic trifectas during the period of the study. Between these two trifectas, Arizona had divided government. In three separate years, Arizona ranked in the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking, two of which occurred under Republican trifectas (1996 and 1997) and the other during divided government (2002). Arizona’s highest SQLI ranking occurred in 2006 (16th), under divided government, while its lowest ranking (41st) occurred in 2002 under divided government.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 36.33
- SQLI average with divided government: 27.22
- Official website of the Arizona House of Representatives
- Official list of the current members of the Arizona House of Representatives
- U.S. Census Bureau, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed January 6, 2014
- U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
- Arizona State Legislature, "Term limits," accessed December 16, 2013
- AZ Ed News, "Arizona legislators on the budget, education funding and standards," December 1, 2014
- news.azpm.org, "Education, CPS Issues Expected to Top 2014 Legislative Session," January 13, 2014
- Cronkite News, "Brewer, top legislators: Education, businesses priorities for session," January 11, 2013
- StateScape, Session schedules," accessed April 30, 2012
- Timesunion.com, Ariz. Legislature ends session after all-nighter, 20 April 2011
- KTAR.com, Arizona governor calls special session on economy, 14 Feb. 2011
- Bloomberg Businessweek, Ariz. Gov won't seek session without bill backing, June 15, 2011
- Stateline.org, States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011 (Archived)
- National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
- U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
- Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
- Stateline, "In Legislative Elections, Majorities and Supermajorities at Stake," November 2, 2012
- Modern Times Magazine, "Why Are Arizona Democrats Smiling?" accessed November 14, 2012
- Follow the Money: "Arizona 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- Follow the Money, "Arizona 2008 Candidates," accessed April 10, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Arizona 2006 Candidates," accessed April 10, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Arizona 2004 Candidates," accessed April 10, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Arizona 2002 Candidates," accessed April 10, 2013
- Follow the Money, "Arizona 2000 Candidates," accessed April 10, 2013
- Arizona Legislature, "Arizona Revised Statutes," accessed May 22, 2014(Referenced Statute 41.1202 (A), Arizona Revised Statutes)
- Arizona Legislature, "Arizona Revised Statutes," accessed May 22, 2014(Referenced Statute 41.1202 (B), Arizona Revised Statutes)
- The Republic, "First details on Arizona race and population location from 2010 census coming Thursday," March 9, 2011
- USA Today, "Arizona grows but at slower rate," March 13, 2011
- Fox News Latino, "Arizona's Latino Population Up a Whopping 46%, Says Census," March 10, 2011
- Yuma Sun Arizonans moving to the 'burbs," March 10, 2011
- Arizona House Rules - Rule 4: The Speaker
- Arizona House Leadership
- NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
State of Arizona
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Commissioner of Lands | Director of Labor | Chairman of Corporation Commission | State Mine Inspector |