Arizona State Lands, Proposition 100 (2000)
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Text of measure
The language that appeared on the ballot:
(summary from Arizona Legislative Council) In 1910, the United States Congress passed the Arizona-New Mexico Enabling Act, allowing Arizona to become a state. The Enabling Act granted Arizona millions of acres of land, referred to as "state trust land."The state land trust is intended to produce revenue for various public institutions (schools, colleges, prisons, etc.), the largest of which is the public schools which own 87% of the land. The state can lease or sell trust land, and the natural products (timber, minerals, etc.) of the land, only to the "highest and best bidder" at public auction.
Proposition 100 proposes a series of amendments to the state constitution that, together with changes to the Enabling Act, will allow some state trust land and trust land income to be used for additional purposes as follows:
- Proposition 100 would allow public school trust land to be donated to a school district without cost for use as a school site. The school district could only use the donated land as a site for kindergarten, elementary, junior high or high school instruction. - Approximately 270,000 acres of state trust land could be designated as Arizona Conservation Reserve (ACR) lands to preserve significant cultural, historical, paleontological, natural resource or geologic features from development. A city, town or county would nominate trust lands to become ACR lands and, after review, the Legislature could designate the nominated land as ACR land either by passing a bill or by referring the nominated land to a statewide vote of the people. ACR land could be sold for its appraised value minus the development value to a state agency or to a city, town, county or Indian tribe without an auction, but any owner of ACR lands would have to protect the unique features of the land from development. Proposition 100 includes approximately 70,000 acres at 41 trust land sites that are proposed to be designated automatically as ACR lands. A list of these initial ACR lands appears at the end of this analysis. - State trust land could be exchanged only for other government-owned land and only to conserve open space on the trust land. In order to permit the exchange, it must be in the best interest of the state land trust, there must be public hearings, the appraised value of the land the state receives in the exchange must at least equal the appraised value of the trust land the state exchanges, the state trust income must not be reduced and the financial impact of the exchange on the county, city or town and school district in which the lands are located must be analyzed. This change does not require an Enabling Act change by Congress. - The Legislature would be authorized to provide that in cases where trust land is being sold for development, additional trust land could be donated to the community for conservation purposes if including the conservation land in the package deal would increase the overall net value of the trust land to be developed. - Up to 5% of the money derived from sales and leases of trust land could be appropriated to manage trust lands rather than being paid to the trust beneficiary institutions. The money could also be used for land use planning, but could not be used for personnel expenses. - The Legislature would be authorized to allow agricultural and grazing trust land to be leased for long term (more than ten years) without an auction in order to promote sound stewardship and long-term agricultural and grazing productivity. - Natural products of the trust land, such as rocks and plants, could be sold in small quantities for noncommercial purposes without an auction. - The state trust land auction process would be expedited by reducing the time between the date of the auction notice and the date of the auction and by allowing the Legislature to determine how the notice and the auction is to be conducted.
Approximately 70,000 acres of trust land will be designated as Arizona Conservation Reserve Lands if Proposition 100 is approved. The actual boundaries of these parcels are shown on maps filed in the office of the Secretary of State.
In addition, the location and boundaries of these sites are shown on maps at the Arizona state land department website: www.land.state.az.us/alris/proposed/propinfo.html