Article II, West Virginia Constitution
|West Virginia Constitution|
|Preamble • I • II • III • IV • V • VI • VII • VIII • IX • X • XI • XII • XIII • XIV|
| Text of Section 1:
The territory of the following counties, formerly parts of the commonwealth of Virginia, shall constitute and form the state of West Virginia, viz:
| Text of Section 2:
Powers of Government in Citizens
The powers of government reside in all the citizens of the state, and can be rightfully exercised only in accordance with their will and appointment.
| Text of Section 3:
Requisites of Citizenship
All persons residing in this state, born, or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, shall be citizens of this state.
| Text of Section 4:
Every citizen shall be entitled to equal representation in the government, and, in all apportionments of representation, equality of numbers of those entitled thereto, shall as far as practicable, be preserved.
| Text of Section 5:
Provisions Regarding Property
No distinction shall be made between resident aliens and citizens, as to the acquisition, tenure, disposition or descent of property.
| Text of Section 6:
Treason, What Constitutes -- Penalty
Treason against the state shall consist only in levying war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. Treason shall be punished according to the character of the acts committed, by the infliction of one, or more, of the penalties of death, imprisonment or fine, as may be prescribed by law.
| Text of Section 7:
"Montani Semper Liberi" -- State Seal
The present seal of the state, with its motto, "Montani Semper Liberi," shall be the great seal of the state of West Virginia, and shall be kept by the secretary of state, to be used by him officially, as directed by law.
| Text of Section 8:
Writs, Commissions, Official Bonds -- Indictments
Writs, grants and commissions, issued under the authority of this state, shall run in the name of, and official bonds shall be made payable to the state of West Virginia. Indictments shall conclude, "Against the peace and dignity of the state."