of the Tennessee Constitution
is entitled State and County Officers
and consists of five sections.
|| Text of Section 1:
The qualified voters of each county shall elect for terms of four
years a legislative body, a county executive, a sheriff, a trustee, a register, a
county clerk and an assessor of property. Their qualifications and duties shall
be prescribed by the General Assembly. Any officer shall be removed from malfeasance
or neglect of duty as prescribed by the General Assembly.
The legislative body shall be composed of representatives from districts in
the county as drawn by the county legislative body pursuant to statutes enacted
by the General Assembly. Districts shall be reapportioned at least every
ten years based upon the most recent federal census. The legislative body shall
not exceed twenty-five members, and no more than three representatives shall
be elected from a district. Any county organized under the consolidated government
provisions of Article XI, Section 9, of this Constitution shall be exempt
from having a county executive and a county legislative body as described in
The General Assembly may provide alternate forms of county government
including the right to charter and the manner by which a referendum may be
called. The new form of government shall replace the existing form if approved
by a majority of the voters in the referendum.
No officeholder’s current term shall be diminished by the ratification of this
|| Text of Section 2:
Vacancies in county offices shall be filled by the county legislative
body, and any person so appointed shall serve until a successor is elected
at the next election occurring after the vacancy is qualified.
|| Text of Section 3:
There shall be a treasurer or treasurers and a comptroller of the
treasury appointed for the state, by the joint vote of both Houses of the General
Assembly who shall hold their offices for two years.
|| Text of Section 4:
The election of officers, and the filling of all vacancies not otherwise
directed or provided by this Constitution, shall be made in such manner
as the Legislature shall direct.
|| Text of Section 5:
Elections for judicial and other civil officers shall be held on the
first Thursday in August, one thousand eight hundred and seventy, and forever
thereafter on the first Thursday in August next preceding the expiration of
their respective terms of service. The term of each officer so elected shall be
computed from the first day of September next succeeding his election. The
term of office of the governor and other executive officers shall be computed
from the fifteenth of January next after the election of the governor. No appointment
or election to fill a vacancy shall be made for a period extending
beyond the unexpired term. Every officer shall hold his office until his successor
is elected or appointed, and qualified. No special election shall be held to fill
a vacancy in the office of judge or district attorney, but a the time herein fixed
for the biennial election of civil officers, and such vacancy shall be filled at the
next biennial election recurring more than thirty days after the vacancy occurs.