Article XII, Connecticut Constitution

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Connecticut Constitution
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Preamble
Articles
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Article XII of the Connecticut Constitution is entitled Of Amendments to the Constitution. Together with Article XIII, it sets up a structure under which the Connecticut Constitution can be amended.

According to Article XII:

  • Constitutional amendments can be proposed in either chamber of the Connecticut State Legislature.
  • If an amendment is approved by a majority (but less than 75%) of the total membership of each chamber, it is then continued to the next session of the legislature. If the amendment is again approved by a majority, it is then put to a statewide vote of the people. If they approve it by a simple majority vote, it becomes part of the state's constitution.
  • However, if the proposed amendment is approved by a 75% or more vote of both chambers of the legislature, it doesn't have to be considered in two consecutive legislative sessions and can instead be put to a vote of the people at the next November general election.
  • Elections on legislatively-referred constitutional amendments are to take place in Novembers of even-numbered years.

Section 1

Text of Section 1, Article XII:

Amendments to this constitution may be proposed by any member of the senate or house of representatives. An amendment so proposed, approved upon roll call by a yea vote of at least a majority, but by less than three-fourths, of the total membership of each house, shall be published with the laws which may have been passed at the same session and be continued to the regular session of the general assembly elected at the general election to be held on the Tuesday after the first Monday of November in the next even-numbered year. An amendment so proposed, approved upon roll call by a yea vote of at least three-fourths of the total membership of each house, or any amendment which, having been continued from the previous general assembly, is again approved upon roll call by a yea vote of at least a majority of the total membership of each house, shall, by the secretary of the state, be transmitted to the town clerk in each town in the state, whose duty it shall be to present the same to the electors thereof for their consideration at the general election to be held on the Tuesday after the first Monday of November in the next even-numbered year. If it shall appear, in a manner to be provided by law, that a majority of the electors present and voting on such amendment at such election shall have approved such amendment, the same shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as a part of this constitution. Electors voting by absentee ballot under the provisions of the statutes shall be considered to be present and voting.[1]

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