Article XVI, Nebraska Constitution
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Article XVI lays out two methods of amending the state constitution, through a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment and a constitutional convention. Section 1, Section 2 and Section 4 of Article III discuss how the constitution can be amended via an initiated constitutional amendment.
| Text of Section 1:
The Legislature may propose amendments to this Constitution. If the same be agreed to by three-fifths of the members elected to the Legislature, such proposed amendments shall be entered on the journal, with yeas and nays, and published once each week for three consecutive weeks, in at least one newspaper in each county, where a newspaper is published, immediately preceding the next election of members of the Legislature or a special election called by the vote of four-fifths of the members elected to the Legislature for the purpose of submitting such proposed amendments to the electors. At such election said amendments shall be submitted to the electors for approval or rejection upon a ballot separate from that upon which the names of candidates appear. If a majority of the electors voting on any such amendment adopt the same, it shall become a part of this Constitution, provided the votes cast in favor of such amendment shall not be less than thirty-five per cent of the total votes cast at such election. When two or more amendments are submitted at the same election, they shall be so submitted as to enable the electors to vote on each amendment separately.
- Section 2 and Section 4 of Article III of the Nebraska Constitution lay out some procedural requirements that must be met before a law initiated by a petition becomes part of the statutory law of Nebraska or a part of the Nebraska Constitution.
- Omaha National Bank v. Spire, 223 Neb. 209, 389 N.W.2d 269 (1986).
- Cunningham v. Exon, 207 Neb. 513, 300 N.W.2d 6 (1980).
- Swanson v. State, 132 Neb. 82, 271 N.W. 264 (1937).
- State ex rel. Hall v. Cline, 118 Neb. 150, 224 N.W. 6 (1929).
- Sandell v. City of Omaha, 115 Neb. 861, 215 N.W. 135 (1927).
- State ex rel. Oldham v. Dean, 84 Neb. 344, 121 N.W. 719 (1909).
- State ex rel. Thompson v. Winnett, 78 Neb. 379, 110 N.W. 1113 (1907).
- Weston v. Ryan, 70 Neb. 211, 97 N.W. 347 (1903).
| Text of Section 2:
When three-fifths of the members elected to the Legislature deem it necessary to call a convention to revise, amend, or change this constitution, they shall recommend to the electors to vote at the next election of members of the Legislature, for or against a convention, and if a majority of the electors voting on the proposition, vote for a convention, the Legislature shall, at its next session provide by law for calling the same; Provided, the votes cast in favor of calling a convention shall not be less than thirty-five per cent of the total votes cast at such election. The convention shall consist of not more than one hundred members, the exact number to be determined by the Legislature, and to be nominated and elected from districts in the manner to be prescribed by the Legislature. Such members shall meet within three months after their election, for the purpose aforesaid. No amendment or change of this constitution, agreed upon by such convention, shall take effect until the same has been submitted to the electors of the state, and adopted by a majority of those voting for and against the same.
- Baker v. Moorhead, 103 Neb. 811, 174 N.W. 430 (1919).