Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Montana

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This page contains extensive information about ballot access requirements for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of Montana. Offices included are:

This page contains information on specific filing dates for each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Montana. Information on running for election as a presidential candidate or for county and municipal offices is not included. This page reflects research completed in April 2014.

Note: If you have any questions or comments about this page, email us.

Year-specific dates

2014

See also: Montana elections, 2014

Montana held a primary election on June 3, 2014. The general election took place on November 4, 2014. Voters elected candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:

The filing deadline for major party candidates was March 10, 2014. For independent and minor party candidates, the filing deadline was May 27, 2014. To qualify as a political party in time for the 2014 elections, paperwork needed to be filed by March 3, 2014.[1][2]

Legend:      Ballot access     Campaign finance     Election date




Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014
Deadline Event type Event description
March 3, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for new political parties
March 10, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for qualified party candidates
March 10, 2014 Campaign finance Monthly report due (statewide candidates only) - covers January 1 through March 5
April 10, 2014 Campaign finance Monthly report due (statewide candidates only) - covers March 6 through April 5
May 19, 2014 Campaign finance Pre-primary report due (statewide candidates only) - covers April 6 through May 14
May 22, 2014 Campaign finance Pre-primary report due (legislative and Public Service Commission candidates only) - covers date of first contribution through May 17
May 27, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for independent and non-qualified party candidates
May 29, 2014 Campaign finance Pre-primary report due (statewide candidates only) - covers May 15 through May 24
June 3, 2014 Election date Primary election date
June 23, 2014 Campaign finance Post-primary report due (statewide candidates only) - covers May 25 through June 18
June 23, 2014 Campaign finance Post-primary report due (legislative and Public Service Commission candidates only) - covers May 18 through June 18
July 10, 2014 Campaign finance Monthly report due (statewide candidates only) - covers June 19 through July 5
August 10, 2014 Campaign finance Monthly report due (statewide candidates only) - covers July 6 through August 5
September 10, 2014 Campaign finance Monthly report due (statewide candidates only) - covers August 6 through September 5
October 20, 2014 Campaign finance Pre-general report due (statewide candidates only) - covers September 6 through October 15
October 23, 2014 Campaign finance Pre-general report due (legislative and Public Service Commission candidates only) - covers June 19 through October 18
October 30, 2014 Campaign finance Pre-general report due (statewide candidates only) - covers October 16 through October 25
November 4, 2014 Election date General election
November 24, 2014 Campaign finance Post-general report due (statewide candidates only) - covers October 26 through November 19
November 24, 2014 Campaign finance Post-general report due (legislative and Public Service Commission candidates only) - covers October 19 through November 19

Political parties

See also: List of political parties in the United States

As of January 2014, there were three recognized political parties in Montana.[3] To be officially recognized by the state, a party must fulfill certain requirements (detailed below, under "Process to establish a political party").

Party Website link By-laws/platform link
Libertarian http://www.mtlp.org/home.htm National party by-laws
Democratic http://www.montanademocrats.org/ Party platform (dead link)
Republican http://www.mtgop.org/ Party by-laws

In some states, a candidate may choose to have a label other than that of an officially recognized party appear alongside his or her name on the ballot. Such labels are called political party designations. A political party designation would be used when a candidate qualifies as an independent, but prefers to use a different label. Montana does allow candidates to identify in this way. A total of 25 states allow candidates to use political party designations in non-presidential elections.[4][5]

The 11 states listed below (and Washington, D.C.) do not provide a process for political organizations to gain qualified status in advance of an election. Instead, in these states, an aspirant party must first field candidates using party designations. If the candidate or candidates win the requisite votes, the organization may then be recognized as an official political party. In these states, a political party can be formed only if the candidate in the general election obtains a specific number of votes. The number of votes required and type of race vary from state to state. Details can be found on the state-specific requirements pages.[6]

Process to establish a political party

Figure 1: This is a Political Party Qualification Petition for the state of Montana.

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 13 of the Montana Code

In order to qualify to hold a primary election, aspirant political parties must petition the Secretary of State for recognition.[7] Petitions must meet the following requirements (for further information regarding petition requirements, see "Petition requirements" below):

  • Signature requirements[7]
    • A party qualifying petition must be signed by a number of registered voters equal to at least 5 percent of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for governor in the most general election, or 5,000 electors, whichever is less. In 2012, for example, 236,450 votes were cast for successful gubernatorial candidate Steve Bullock.[8] Because five percent of that total is 11,823, aspirant parties will be required until the election season following the gubernatorial race of 2016 to gather 5,000 valid signatures for qualifying petitions.
    • This number must include registered voters in more than one-third of the legislative districts equal to at least 5 percent of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for governor at the last general election in those districts, or 150 electors in those districts, whichever is less. In 2014, for example, 119 signatures were required from each of 34 state House districts.
  • Deadlines[7]
    • One week before the petition is due to the Secretary of State, the petition and affidavits of circulation must be presented to the election administrator of the county in which the signatures were gathered to be verified.
    • The election administrator must forward the verified petition to the Secretary of State at least 85 days before the date of the primary.

The form of the petition is prescribed by the Secretary of State. Petition forms and affidavits of circulation can be obtained via the Secretary of State's website.[9]

All qualified political parties must submit to the Secretary of State a copy of the current rules of party government.[10] Further, county-level party committees must submit a copy of the current rules of party government to the county election administrator.[11]

Maintaining party status

Political parties that fielded a candidate for statewide office in either of the last two general elections who received a total vote of at least 5 percent of the total votes cast for the most recent successful candidate for governor maintain state-qualified status and may continue to nominate candidates by primary elections.[7] To maintain qualified party status in 2014, for example, a party would have had to run a candidate for statewide office in either 2012 or 2010 who received at least 11,823 votes (five percent of the vote cast for the successful gubernatorial candidate in 2012).[8]

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 601 of the Montana Code Annotated

Process to become a candidate

Quick facts about Lieutenant Governors
  • 45 states have Lt. governors, 43 of them fill the office by election
  • 21 states, including Montana, elect Lt. governors on a single ticket with the governor at both the primary and general elections
  • 5 states elect Lt. governors separately from Governors at the primary and then put the top two vote-getters together on the general election ballot
  • 17 states elect Lt. governors separately from the Governor

For qualified party candidates

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 201 of the Montana Code Annotated 2013

In order to qualify for placement on the primary ballot, candidates for the nomination of a recognized political party must file a Declaration of Nomination and pay the requisite filing fees. The Declaration of Nomination must include an Oath of Candidacy, which the candidate is required to sign to affirm that, under the state constitution and applicable federal and state laws, he or she is qualified to hold the office sought. This paperwork must be filed with the Secretary of State if the office sought is a congressional seat, a state or district office voted for in more than one county, or a state legislative seat.[12][13]

Filing fees are established in Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 202 of the Montana Code Annotated 2013. Fee schedules and the method of calculation are summarized in the table below:[14]

Type of office How the fee is determined Office(s) and fee(s) for 2014
For offices earning an annual salary of $2,500 or less and members of the state legislature $15 State Senator - $15
State Representative - $15
For offices (except county-level) earning an annual salary of more than $2,500 1% of salary U.S. Senator - $1,740
U.S. Representative - $1,740
Public Service Commissioner - $979.80
For offices in which compensation is paid in fees $10 N/A

For independent, indigent and non-qualified party candidates

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 501 of the Montana Code Annotated 2013

In order to qualify for placement on the general election ballot, candidates must file an Independent, Minor Party or Indigent Candidate Declaration, Oath of Candidacy and Petition for Nomination. Independent and non-qualified party candidates are liable for the same filing fees as qualified party candidates (see table above). Indigent candidates (i.e., those who do not have the resources to pay the filing fees) are not required to pay the statutory filing fees and may have their names placed on the ballot via the petition process only.[15][16]

Nominating petitions must be signed by electors residing within the state and district or political subdivision in which the officer is to be elected. Valid signatures must total at least five percent of the total vote cast at the last general election for the successful candidate for the office sought.[17] Examples of signature requirements for 2014 offices are listed below:[15]

Office Certified signatures required in 2014
U.S. Senator 17,415
U.S. Representative 12,774
Public Services Commissioner #1 2,009
Public Services Commissioner #5 2,123
State Senator 257
State Representative 129

For write-in candidates

In order to have his or her votes counted, a write-in candidate must submit to the Secretary of State a Declaration of Intent and Oath of Candidacy and pay the requisite filing fees (noted above).[18]

Petition requirements

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 13 of the Montana Code

In some cases, political parties and/or candidates may need to obtain signatures via the petition process to gain access to the ballot. This section outlines the laws and regulations pertaining to petitions and circulators in Montana.

  • Formal requirements
    • The form of petitions for both candidates and political parties is prescribed by the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State is required by statute to furnish sample copies to election administrators and to any individual on request.[19][20]
  • Signature requirements
    • Each sheet of a petition must contain signatures of electors residing in only one county.[21][20]
  • Circulator requirements
    • Affidavits of circulation must be attached to each petition sheet or section submitted to a county election administrator. These affidavits must include substantially the following text: "I, (name of person who is the signature gatherer), swear that I gathered the signatures on the petition to which this affidavit is attached on the stated dates, that I believe the signatures on the petition are genuine, are the signatures of the persons whose names they purport to be, and are the signatures of Montana electors who are registered at the address or have the telephone number following the person's signature, and that the signers knew the contents of the petition before signing the petition." Affidavits of circulation must also note the date on which the first signature was collected and address of the circulator. The affidavits must also be notarized.[22]
    • The statutes do not specify circulator requirements (e.g., residency status).
  • Dates of circulation
    • Montana permits candidates and aspirant political parties to begin circulating petitions as early as they wish, and candidates and parties may submit these petitions to county election administrators at any time. Candidate declaration forms, however, cannot be filed with the appropriate filing officer prior to a specified deadline (January 9 in 2014).[23][24]

Campaign finance

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 13, Chapter 37, Part 2 of the Montana Code Annotated 2013

Each candidate for office must designate a campaign treasurer, who is responsible for depositing and disbursing funds, keeping accurate account records, and administering the various financial affairs of the campaign. A candidate may serve as his or her own treasurer or deputy treasurer. The treasurer must be registered to vote in Montana.[25]

The candidate must submit to the Commissioner of Political Practices and the election administrator of his or her county of residence a Statement of Candidate C-1 form within five days of becoming a candidate. This statement must include the full name and complete address of the campaign treasurer and any deputy treasurers. The statement must also include the name and address of the financial depository in which the campaign's account is located.[26][25]

With the exception of candidates for county, municipal or school district offices spending less than $500 in all elections in a campaign, all candidates must adhere to the campaign finance reporting requirements established in Title 13, Chapter 37 of the Montana Code Annotated. Candidates submit regular finance reports via forms prescribed by the Commissioner of Political Practices (Form C-5, Candidate Campaign Finance Reports), which require disclosure of the following types of information:[25]

  • Cash summary; money received and spent: Details cash transactions only for the reporting period
  • Receipts
    • Candidate's personal contributions
    • Contributions amounting to less than $35 each
    • Loans
    • Interest, rebates, refunds, fundraisers, and other receipts
    • Political action committee contributions
    • Political party committee contributions
    • Incidental committee contributions
    • Other political committee contributions
    • Individual contributors of $35 or more
  • Expenditures
    • Petty cash
    • All other expenditures
  • Debts and loans that have not been repaid

Report due dates vary depending on the office sought. The table below summarizes report due dates for statewide, legislative, and Public Service Commission candidates in 2014:[27][28][29]

Deadline Report Reporting period
March 10, 2014 Monthly (statewide candidates only) January 1 through March 5
April 10, 2014 Monthly (statewide candidates only) March 6 through April 5
May 19, 2014 Pre-primary (statewide candidates only) April 6 through May 14
May 22, 2014 Pre-primary (legislative and Public Service Commission candidates only) Date of first contribution through May 17
May 29, 2014 Pre-primary (statewide candidates only) May 15 through May 24
June 23, 2014 Post-primary (statewide candidates only) May 25 through June 18
June 23, 2014 Post-primary (legislative and Public Service Commission candidates only) May 18 through June 18
July 10, 2014 Monthly (statewide candidates only) June 19 through July 5
August 10, 2014 Monthly (statewide candidates only) July 6 through August 5
September 10, 2014 Monthly (statewide candidates only) August 6 through September 5
October 20, 2014 Pre-general (statewide candidates only) September 6 through October 15
October 23, 2014 Pre-general (legislative and Public Service Commission candidates only) June 19 through October 18
October 30, 2014 Pre-general (statewide candidates only) October 16 through October 25
November 24, 2014 Post-general (statewide candidates only) October 26 through November 19
November 24, 2014 Post-general (legislative and Public Service Commission candidates only) October 19 through November 19

Certain contributions made near the date of the election require special disclosure. Any statewide candidate must report contributions of $200 or more from a single source between the 10th day before an election and the date of an election within 24 hours of receipt. Any legislative or Public Service Commission candidate must report contributions of $100 or more from a single source between the 17th day before an election and the date of an election within 48 hours of receipt. Such contributions should be reported via a Form C-7, provided by the Commissioner of Political Practices.[25]

Individual ampaign contribution limits vary according to the recipient. The table below summarizes campaign contribution limits effective December 13, 2013.[30]

Montana individual campaign contribution limits[30]
Recipient Contribution limit
Political party committee No limit
Political action committee No limit
Ballot issue committee No limit
Candidate for governor/lieutenant governor $650 per election
Candidate for other statewide office* $320 per election
Candidate for other public office** $170 per election
*Includes Attorney General, Secretary of State, State Auditor, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Supreme Court Justice and Clerk of the Supreme Court.
**Includes candidates for the state legislature and the Public Services Commission.

Election-related agencies

See also: State election agencies

Candidates running for office may require some form of interaction with the following agencies:

  • Montana Secretary of State
Why: This agency provides and processes candidate filing paperwork for statewide offices.
Physical Address: State Capitol, Room 260, 1301 6th Avenue, Helena, MT 59620
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 202801, Helena, MT 59620-2801
Telephone: 406.444.4732
Fax: 406.444.2023
Email: soselections@mt.gov
http://sos.mt.gov/
  • Montana Commissioner on Political Practices
Why: This agency provides and processes campaign finance filings.
Physical Address: 1205 8th Ave, Helena, MT 59601
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 202401, Helena, MT 59620-2401
Telephone: 406-444-2942
Fax: 406-444-1643
Email: jmotl@mt.gov
http://politicalpractices.mt.gov/

Counties

See also: Counties in Montana

Candidates must file a number of documents with the county elections office in the county they reside in. Individual county contact information can be found below. In the table below, if a website is not provided it is because one does not exist for this municipality. To provide a link or information for the table below, please email us.

Montana county contact information
County Email Phone Fax Website Physical address Mailing address
Beaverhead County Election Administrator dscott@beaverheadcounty.org (406) 683-3720 (406) 683-3781 link 2 S Pacific St No 3, Dillon, MT 59725
Big Horn County dbeardontwalk@co.bighorn.mt.us (406) 665-9796 (406) 665-9824 link Room 203, Second floor, Big Horn County Courthouse, 121 W. 3rd, Hardin , MT 59034 PO Box 908, Hardin, MT 59034
Blaine County sboardman@co.blaine.mt.gov (406) 357-3240 (406) 357-2199 link 420 Ohio Street Chinook, MT 59523 PO Box 278, Chinook, MT 59523
Broadwater County dellis@co.broadwater.mt.us (406) 266-9215 (406) 266-3674 515 Broadway St, Townsend, MT 59644
Carbon County elections@co.carbon.mt.us (406) 446-1220 (406) 446-2640 ilnk County Administration Building, 17 West 11th Street, Red Lodge, MT 59068 PO Box 887, Red Lodge, MT 59068
Carter County cccnrc@midrivers.com (406) 775-8749 (406) 775-8750 link 214 Park St, Ekalaka, MT 59324 Box 315, Ekalaka, MT 59324
Cascade County elections@co.cascade.mt.us (406) 454-6803 (406) 454-6725 link 325 2nd Avenue North #100. Great Falls, MT 59401 Box 2305, Great Falls, MT 59403
Chouteau County claassen@itstriangle.com (406) 622-5151 (406) 622-3012 link Chouteau County Courthouse, 1308 Franklin Street, Fort Benton, Montana 59442 Box 459, Fort Benton, MT 59442
Custer County l.corbett@co.custer.mt.us (406) 874-3343 (406) 874-3452 link 1010 Main, Miles City, MT 59301
Daniels County clerkrec@danielsco.mt.gov (406) 487-5561 (406) 487-5583 link 708 First Avenue, West Scobey, MT 59263 Box 247, Scobey, MT 59263
Dawson County clappj@dawsoncountymail.com (406) 377-3058 (406) 377-1717 link 207 West Bell, Glendive, MT 59330
Deer Lodge County jblodnick@anacondadeerlodge.mt.gov (406) 563-4060 (406) 563-4001 link 800 Main, Anaconda, MT 59711
Fallon County falloncc@midrivers.com (406) 778-7106 (406) 778-2048 link 10 West Fallon Avenue, Baker, MT 59313 Box 846, Baker, MT 59313
Fergus County clerkrecorder@co.fergus.mt.us (406) 535-5242 (406) 535-9023 link 712 W Main, Lewistown, MT 59457
Flathead County electionweb@flathead.mt.gov (406) 758-2453 (406) 758-5877 link 800 S Mai,n Kalispell, MT 59901
Gallatin County charlotte.mills@gallatin.mt.gov (406) 582-3060 (406) 582-3068 link 311 W Main, Rm 210, Bozeman, MT 59715
Garfield County gccr@midrivers.com (406) 557-2760 (406) 557-2765 link 200 West Kramer St., Suite 6, Jordan, MT 59337 Box 7, Jordan, MT 59337
Glacier County gmhall@glaciercountymt.org (406) 873-3609 (406) 873-3613 link 512 E Main, Cut Bank, MT 59427
Golden Valley County berryml@midrivers.com (406) 568-2231 (406) 568-2428 link GoldenValley County Courthouse, 107 Kemp Street, Ryegate, MT 59074 PO Box 10, Ryegate, MT 59074
Granite County graclerk@co.granite.mt.us (406) 859-3771 (406) 859-3817 link 220 North Sansome, Philipsburg, MT 59858 Box 925, Philipsburg, MT 59858
Hill County Clerk and Recorder dahld@co.hill.mt.us (406) 265-5481 x221 (406) 265-2445 link 315 4th St, Havre, MT 59501
Jefferson County bramey@jeffersoncounty-mt.gov (406) 225-4020 (406) 225-4149 link 118 W Centennial Ave, Boulder, Mt 59632 Box H, Boulder, MT 59632
Judith Basin County akelly@co.judith-basin.mt.us (406) 566-2277 x109 (406) 566-2211 link Judith Basin County Courthouse, 11 Third Street, Stanford, MT, 59479 Box 427, Stanford, MT 59479
Lake County Montana knewgard@lakemt.gov (406) 883-7268 (406) 883-7230 link (timed out) 106 4th Ave E, Polson, MT 59860
Lewis & Clark County pdehart@co.lewis-clark.mt.us (406) 447-8338 (406) 457-8598 link 316 N Park Ave Rm 168, Helena, MT 59623
Liberty County clerk@co.liberty.mt.gov (406) 759-5365 (406) 759-5395 link Liberty County Courthouse, 111 First Street East, Chester, MT 59522 Box 459, Chester, MT 59522
Lincoln County lcclerk@libby.org (406) 283-2300 (406) 293-8577 link 512 California, Libby, MT 59923
Madison County pkaatz@madison.mt.gov (406) 843-4270 (406) 843-5264 link 100 Wallace St, Virginia City, Mt 59755 Box 366, Virginia City, MT 59755
McCone County clerk@midrivers.com (406) 485-3505 (406) 485-2689 link 1004 C. Avenue, Circle, MT 59215 Box 199, Circle, MT 59215
Meagher County dogle@meaghercounty.mt.gov (406) 547-3612 x2 (406) 547-3388 link 15 W Main St, White Sulphur Springs, Mt 59645 Box 309, White Sulphur Springs, MT 59645
Mineral County shayes@co.mineral.mt.us (406) 822-3520 (406) 822-3579 link Mineral County Courthouse, 300 River Street, Superior, MT 59872 Box 550, Superior, MT 59872
Missoula County vzeier@co.missoula.mt.us (406) 258-4751 (406) 258-3913 link 200 W Broadway, Missoula, MT 59802
Musselshell County jmang@co.musselshell.mt.us (406) 323-1104 (406) 323-3303 506 Main, Roundup, MT 59072
Park County clerkrecorder@parkcounty.org (406) 222-4110 (406) 222-4193 link 414 E Callender St, Livingston, MT 59047
Petroleum County leslies@midrivers.com (406) 429-5311 (406) 429-6328 link 302 East Main, Winnett, MT 59087 Box 226, Winnett, MT 59087
Phillips County mereaux@phillipscounty.mt.gov (406) 654-2423 (406) 654-2429 314 S 2nd Ave W, Malta, Mt ‎ Box 360, Malta, MT 59538
Pondera County clerkrec@3rivers.net (406) 271-4000 (406) 271-4070 link 20 4th Ave SW, Conrad, MT 59425
Powder River County kamende@prco.mt.gov (406) 436-2361 (406) 436-2151 link 119 North Park Avenue, Broadus, MT 59317 Box 200, Broadus, MT 59317
Powell County cr@co.powell.mt.us (406) 846-9786 (406) 846-3891 link 409 Missouri, Deer Lodge, MT 59722
Prairie County clerkrecorder@prairie.mt.gov (406) 635-5575 (406) 635-5576 link 217 West Park Street, Terry, MT 59349 Box 125, Terry, MT 59349
Ravalli County rplettenberg@rc.mt.gov (406) 375-6550 (406) 375-6554 link 215 S 4th St Ste C, Hamilton, MT 59840
Richland County sverhasselt@richland.org (406) 433-1708 (406) 433-3731 link 201 W Main, Sidney, MT 59270
Roosevelt County chansen@rooseveltcounty.org (406) 653-6250 (406) 653-6289 link 400 2nd Ave S, Wolf Point, MT 59201
Rosebud County gcuster@rosebudcountymt.com (406) 346-7318 (406) 346-7551 link 1200 Main Street, Forsyth, MT 59327 Box 47, Forsyth, MT 59327
Sanders County clerk&recorder@sanderscounty.mt.gov (406) 827-6922 (406) 827-6970 link 1111 Main St, Thompson Falls, MT 59873 Box 519, Thompson Falls, MT 59873
Sheridan County mlynch@co.sheridan.mt.us (406) 765-3403 (406) 765-2609 link 100 W Laurel Ave, Plentywood, MT 59254
Silver Bow County shollis@bsb.mt.gov (406) 497-6342 (406) 497-6328 link 155 W Granite Rm 208, Butte, MT 59701
Stillwater County pmishler@stillwater.mt.gov (406) 322-8000 (406) 322-8069 link 400 E 3rd Ave North, Columbus, MT 59019 Box 149, Columbus, MT 59019
Sweet Grass County sgclerk1@itstriangle.com (406) 932-5152 (406) 932-3026 link 115 W 5th Ave, Big Timber, MT 59011 Box 888, Big Timber, MT 59011
Teton County paula@3rivers.net (406) 466-2693 (406) 466-3244 link 1 Main Ave S, Choteau, MT 59422 ‎ Box 610, Choteau, MT 59422
Toole County tnelson@toolecountymt.gov (406) 424-8300 (406) 424-8301 link 226 1st St S, Shelby, MT 59474
Treasure County clerkrecorder@rangeweb.net (406) 342-5547 (406) 342-5547 link 307 Rapelje Ave, Hysham, Mt 59038 Box 392, Hysham, MT 59038
Valley County lnyquist@valleycountymt.net (406) 228-6226 (406) 228-9027 link 501 Court Sq Box 2, Glasgow, MT 59230
Wheatland County wccr@mtintouch.net (406) 632-4891 (406) 632-4880 Wheatland County Clerk and Recorder 201 A Ave. NW, Harlowton, MT 59036 Box 1903, Harlowton, MT 59036
Wibaux County wibauxco@midrivers.com (406) 796-2481 (406) 796-2625 link 203 S Wibaux St, Wibaux, MT 59353 PO Box 199, Wibaux, MT 59353
Yellowstone County brutherford@co.yellowstone.mt.gov (406) 256-2740 (406) 254-7940 link 217 North 27th, Room 401, Billings, MT 59107 Box 35002, Billings, MT 59107

Term limits

State executives

Portal:State Executive Officials
See also: State executives with term limits and States with gubernatorial term limits

State executive term limits are established in Article 4, Section 8 of the Montana Constitution. The state executive term limits in Montana are as follows:[31]

See also: Montana state executive official elections, 2014

There were no state executive offices affected by term limits in 2014.

State legislators

See also: State legislatures with term limits

Montana state legislators may serve no more than eight years in a 16-year period.[31]

Term limits were imposed on state legislators by a constitutional amendment approved by the state's electorate in 1992.

2014

See also: Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2014 and Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2014

There were 14 state legislators who were termed out in 2014.

Name Party House District
Verdell Jackson Ends.png Republican Senate District 5
Mitch Tropila Electiondot.png Democratic Senate District 12
Jim Peterson Ends.png Republican Senate District 15
Larry Jent Electiondot.png Democratic Senate District 32
Terry Murphy Ends.png Republican Senate District 39
Christine Kaufmann Electiondot.png Democratic Senate District 41
David Wanzenried Electiondot.png Democratic Senate District 49
Mark Blasdel Ends.png Republican House District 10
Pat Ingraham Ends.png Republican House District 13
Bill McChesney Electiondot.png Democratic House District 40
Duane Ankney Ends.png Republican House District 43
Krayton Kerns Ends.png Republican House District 58
Franke Wilmer Electiondot.png Democratic House District 63
Galen Hollenbaugh Electiondot.png Democratic House District 81

2012

See also: Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2012 and Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2012

A total of 24 state legislators were termed out in 2012.

2010

See also: Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010 and Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2010

A total of 30 state legislators were termed out in 2010.

Congressional partisanship

Portal:Congress
See also: List of United States Representatives from Montana and List of United States Senators from Montana

Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from Montana:

Congressional Partisan Breakdown from Montana
Party U.S. Senate U.S. House Total
     Democratic Party 2 0 2
     Republican Party 0 1 1
TOTALS as of December 2014 2 1 3

State legislative partisanship

Portal:State legislatures

Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of Montana:

Senate

Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 21
     Republican Party 29
Total 50

House

Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 39
     Republican Party 61
Total 100


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See also

External links

Official state and federal links

Forms

Other information

References

  1. Office of the Montana Secretary of State, "Information for Political Party Qualification," updated December 27, 2013
  2. Office of the Montana Secretary of State, "Information for Independent, Minor Party and Indigent Candidates," updated September 18, 2013
  3. Montana Secretary of State, "Montana Political Parties," accessed January 7, 2014
  4. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 12, Section 203," accessed January 7, 2014
  5. Correspondence with the Montana Office of the Secretary of State on January 7, 2014
  6. E-mail consultation with ballot access expert Richard Winger in January 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 601," accessed January 7, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 Montana Secretary of State, "2012 Statewide General Election Canvass," accessed January 7, 2014
  9. Montana Secretary of State, "Information for Political Party Qualification," accessed January 7, 2014
  10. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 38, Section 104," accessed January 7, 2014
  11. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 38, Section 105," accessed January 7, 2013
  12. Montana Secretary of State, "Information for Major Party Candidates," accessed January 7, 2014
  13. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 201," accessed January 7, 2014
  14. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 202," accessed January 7, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 Montana Secretary of State, "Information for Independent, Minor Party and Indigent Candidates," accessed January 7, 2014
  16. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 501," accessed January 7, 2014
  17. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 502," accessed January 7, 2014
  18. Montana Secretary of State, "Information for Write-in Candidates," accessed January 7, 2014
  19. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 501," accessed January 7, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 601," accessed January 7, 2014
  21. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 10, Section 502," accessed January 7, 2014
  22. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 27, Section 302," accessed January 7, 2014
  23. Montana Secretary of State, "Information for Independent, Minor Party and Indigent Candidates," accessed January 7, 2014
  24. Montana Secretary of State, "Information for Political Party Qualification," accessed January 7, 2014
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 Commissioner of Political Practices, "Accounting and Reporting Manual for Candidates and Campaign Treasurers," updated December 2013
  26. Montana Code Annotated 2013, "Title 13, Chapter 37, Section 201," accessed January 8, 2014
  27. Commissioner of Political Practices, "Statewide Candidates - Candidate Finance Report Calendar, 2013-2014, Primary and General Elections," accessed January 8, 2014
  28. Commissioner of Political Practices, "Legislative Candidates - Candidate Finance Report Calendar, 2014, Primary and General Elections," accessed January 8, 2014
  29. Commissioner of Political Practices, "Public Service Commissioner - Candidate Finance Report Calendar, 2014, Primary and General Elections," accessed January 8, 2014
  30. 30.0 30.1 Commissioner of Political Practices, "Political Campaign Contribution Limits Summary," accessed January 8, 2014
  31. 31.0 31.1 Montana Constitution, "Article IV, Section 8," accessed November 14, 2013