Ballot access requirements for political candidates in South Carolina

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This page contains extensive information about ballot access requirements for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of South Carolina. Offices included are:

This page contains information on specific filing dates for each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in South Carolina. Information on running for election as a presidential candidate or for county and municipal offices is not included. This page reflects research completed in April 2014.

Note: If you have any questions or comments about this page, email us.

Year-specific dates

2014

See also: South Carolina elections, 2014

South Carolina held a primary election on June 10, 2014. The general election took place on November 4, 2014. Voters elected candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:

The 2014 filing deadline for candidates seeking a political party's nomination by running in the state primary was March 30, 2014.[1] The filing deadline for independent candidates was July 15, 2014.[1] The deadline to submit petitions to certify a new political party was May 4, 2014.[2]

Legend:      Ballot access     Campaign finance     Election date




Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014
Deadline Event type Event description
January 10, 2014 Campaign finance 2013 campaign disclosure form due (ending December 31)
March 30, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for partisan candidates participating in a party primary or party convention
March 31, 2014 Ballot access Deadline for political parties to hold county conventions
April 10, 2014 Campaign finance First quarter report due (ending March 31)
May 4, 2014 Ballot access Deadline for new political parties to file petitions for certification
May 15, 2014 Ballot access Deadline for political parties to hold state conventions
June 10, 2014 Election date Primary election
July 10, 2014 Campaign finance Second quarter report due (ending June 30)
July 15, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for independent candidates participating in the general election
October 10, 2014 Campaign finance Third quarter report due (ending September 30)
November 4, 2014 Election date General election

Political parties

See also: List of political parties in the United States

As of February 2014, there were 11 recognized political parties in South Carolina.[3] In order to be recognized by the state, a political party must fulfill certain requirements (detailed below in "Process to establish a political party").

Party Website link By-laws/platform link
Republican Party Official party website Party platform
American Party of South Carolina Official party website Party platform
Americans Elect Party National party website
Democratic Party Official party website Party by-laws
Green Party Official party website Platform
Constitution Party Official party website
Independence Party Official party website
Labor Party Official party website
United Citizens Party Official party website
Working Families Official party website Platform
Libertarian Party Official party website Party by-laws

In some states, a candidate may choose to have a label other than that of an officially recognized party appear alongside his or her name on the ballot. Such labels are called political party designations. A political party designation would be used when a candidate qualifies as an independent, but prefers to use a different label. South Carolina does not allow candidates to identify in this way. A total of 25 states allow candidates to use political party designations in non-presidential elections.[4]

The 11 states listed below (and Washington, D.C.) do not provide a process for political organizations to gain qualified status in advance of an election. Instead, in these states, an aspirant party must first field candidates using party designations. If the candidate or candidates win the requisite votes, the organization may then be recognized as an official political party. In these states, a political party can be formed only if the candidate in the general election obtains a specific number of votes. The number of votes required and type of race vary from state to state. Details can be found on the state-specific requirements pages.[5]

Events

Convention nominations ruling

On April 24, 2014, the South Carolina State Supreme Court ruled that ballot-qualified parties that have nominated candidates by convention in the past may continue to do so without first gaining permission from their prospective primary voters. The decision came as a result of a lawsuit filed by the Libertarian Party against the South Carolina State Election Commission. The Libertarian Party challenged a new requirement imposed by the passage of SB 2 in 2013. The bill stipulated, among other things, that parties cannot transition from primary nominations to convention nominations without first seeking the approval of primary voters. The Libertarians filed the lawsuit in an effort to clarify ambiguities surrounding that provision.[6]

American Party certification

In January 2014, South Carolina certified the 11th political in the state, the American Party of South Carolina.[7] The party is led by Oscar Lovelace, a Republican candidate for Governor in 2006, and Jim Rex, a former state education superintendent and the 2010 Democratic nominee for Governor.[8] The party obtained 16,000 signatures of registered, more than the 10,000 signature requirement, over the course of a year.[7] "If you are looking for a champion for a single issue, we are not your party," Rex said. The party promised to nominate more "moderate" candidates for South Carolina's congressional seats. Its platform included support for term limits and more government transparency.[8]

Process to establish a political party

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 7, Chapter 9, Title 7, Chapter 11 of the South Carolina Code of Laws

A political party is defined as "a political party, organization, or association certified by the State Election Commission."[9]

General requirements

  • Political parties desiring to nominate candidates for offices to be voted on in a general or special election shall, before doing so, have applied to the State Election Commission for certification no later than six months before the general election.[10]
  • All nominating petitions of any political party seeking certification shall be standardized as required by Section 7-11-80 of the South Carolina Code of Laws in the same format as the petition filed by independent candidates.[11]
  • A petition for the certification of a new political party must be signed by 10,000 or more registered electors residing in South Carolina, giving the name of the party, which must be substantially different from the name of any other party previously certified.[12]
  • In order for any political party to retain certification status in the state, it must perform the following organizational tasks as required by law:
    • New political parties must organize at the precinct level by holding county conventions before March 31 of each general election year during a month determined by the state committee.[13][10][1]
    • New political parties must organize and hold a state convention before May 15 of every general election year on a day and at a time fixed by the state committee and announced publicly at least ten days before the meeting.[14][1]
    • New political parties must nominate candidates for national, state, multi-county district, countywide, or less than countywide office by either convention or party primary.[15]
    • New political parties must certify their candidates in at least one of two consecutive general elections held in November of an even-numbered year or in any other election which might be held within the period of time intervening between the two general elections.[16]

Party primary requirements

  • If a party decides to nominate candidates by party primary, a party primary must be held by the party and conducted by the State Election Commission and the respective county election commissions on the second Tuesday in June of each general election year, and a second and third primary each two weeks successively thereafter, if necessary.
  • Written certification of the names of all candidates to be placed on primary ballots must be made by the political party chairman, vice chairman, or secretary to the State Election Commission or the county election commission, whichever is responsible under law for preparing the ballot, not later than twelve o'clock noon on April 5.
  • Political parties nominating candidates by party primary must verify the qualifications of those candidates prior to certification to the appropriate election commission of the names of candidates to be placed on primary ballots.
  • The written verification required must contain a statement that each candidate certified meets, or will meet by the time of the general election, or as otherwise required by law, the qualifications for office for which he has filed. A political party must not certify any candidate who does not or will not by the time of the general election, or as otherwise required by law, meet the qualifications for the office for which the candidate has filed, and such candidate's name shall not be placed on a primary ballot.
  • The filing fees for all candidates filing to run in all primaries, except municipal primaries, must be transmitted by the respective political parties to the State Election Commission and placed by the executive director of the commission in a special account designated for use in conducting primary elections and must be used for that purpose.
  • The filing fee for each office is one percent of the total salary for the term of that office or $100, whichever amount is greater.[17]

Convention requirements

County conventions

  • The party's county committee shall set the date, time, and location designated by the state committee for the county convention to be held.[18]
  • The date, time, and location that the county convention must be reconvened during the general election year to nominate candidates for public office to be filled in the general election must be set by county committee.
  • Each county convention shall be called to order by the county chairman and shall proceed to elect a temporary president, a temporary secretary and a committee on credentials for the purpose of organizing.
  • When organized, it shall elect a permanent president, a secretary and treasurer. It shall also elect the county chairman, the county vice-chairman and a member of the State committee from the county and as many delegates to the State convention as triple the number of members from the county in the House of Representatives, plus one. But county conventions at their discretion may elect double the number of delegates in which case each delegate shall have one-half vote.
  • All officers except delegates shall be reported to the clerk of court of the county and to the Secretary of State prior to the State convention. The reports shall be public record.

State convention requirements

  • County conventions will elect a state committee composed of one member from each county. A state chairman and state vice-chairman will be elected by the state convention.[19]
  • The state committee shall choose its other officers, not necessarily from the membership. The state chairman may vote only in case of a tie. The state committee shall meet at the call of the state chairman or any five members and at a time and place as he may appoint.
  • The state committee must announce the date of the state convention publicly at least ten days prior.
  • The convention must be composed of delegates elected by the county conventions. Each county is entitled to one delegate for each six thousand residents of the county, according to the latest official United States Census, plus two additional members.
  • When the state convention assembles, it must be called to order by the chairman of the state committee. A temporary president must be nominated and elected by the convention, and after its organization the convention shall proceed immediately to the election of permanent officers and to the transaction of business.
  • The officers of the state convention must be a president, vice president, two secretaries, and a treasurer. Each county delegation to a state convention may fill any vacancies therein. Any county failing or refusing to organize under the provisions of this title may not have representation in the state convention.
  • The state officers must be reported to the Secretary of State and to the State Election Commission within fifteen days of their election and the reports must be public record.

Convention rules for nominating candidates

  • If a party nominates candidates by conventions, the state convention shall nominate the party's candidate for Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and all other statewide officers and United States Senator, U.S. representative, and circuit solicitors.[20]
  • No convention shall make nominations for candidates for offices unless the decision to use the convention method is reached by a three-fourths vote of the total membership of the convention, except the office of State Senator and of the U.S. House.
  • The nomination of the party's candidates for the office of State Senator and of member of the U.S. House must be made in the manner determined by the state committee.
  • If a party determines that nomination for the office of State Senator and of member of the U.S. House must be by convention, these nominations must be made by the state convention.
  • No convention shall make nominations for one or more offices at the convention and order primaries for other offices to be filled during the same election year.
  • Any political party nominating candidates by party convention shall nominate the party candidates and make the nominations public not later than the time for certifying candidates to the authority charged by law with preparing ballots for the general or special election.

Process to become a candidate

Quick facts about Lieutenant Governors
  • 45 states have Lt. governors, 43 of them fill the office by election
  • 21 states elect Lt. governors on a single ticket with the governor at both the primary and general elections
  • 5 states elect Lt. governors separately from Governors at the primary and then put the top two vote-getters together on the general election ballot
  • 17 states, including South Carolina, elect Lt. governors separately from the Governor

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 7, Chapter 11 of the South Carolina Code

Candidates can run as the nominees of a political party, as Independent candidates, or write-in candidates.

Figure 1: This is the Statement of Intention of Candidacy & Party Pledge Form.

For partisan candidates

  • All candidates, except President, seeking a political party's nomination to run in a general or special election must file a Statement of Intention of Candidacy/Party Pledge Form (SICPP) between noon on March sixteenth and noon on March thirtieth.[21]
    • Candidates for federal office, statewide office (i.e., Governor or Secretary of State), and Solicitor will file with the State Election Commission. Candidates for State Senate, State House, countywide office, and less-than-countywide office will file with the county election commission in the candidate's county of residence.
  • Candidates must also file a Statement of Economic Interest (SEI) form with the State Ethics Commission. This must be done electronically on the State Ethics Commission website.
  • Candidates who file as a Republican or Democrat must pay a filing fee. The filing fee is one percent of the annual salary of the office multiplied by the number of years in the term of office or $100, whichever is greater.[22][23]

Filing fees for partisan candidates
The filing fee is one percent of the annual salary of the office multiplied by the number of years in the term of office or $100, whichever is greater. This fee is applied to funding the party's primary.[24]

Office Sought 2014 Annual Salary Term of office Filing fee
U.S. Senator $174,000.00 6 $10,440.00
U.S. House $174,000.00 2 $3,480.00
Member of the State House $10,400.00 2 $208.00
Governor $106,078.00 4 $4,243.12
Lieutenant Governor $46,545.00 4 $1,861.80
Secretary of State $92,007.00 4 $3,680.28
State Treasurer $92,007.00 4 $3,680.28
Attorney General $92,007.00 4 $3,680.28
Comptroller General $92,007.00 4 $3,680.28
State Superintendent Of Education $92,007.00 4 $3,680.28
Adjutant General $92,007.00 4 $3,680.28
Commissioner of Agriculture $92,007.00 4 $3,680.28

For independent candidates

  • Independent candidates are to be nominated by petition.
  • To be nominated by petition, a candidate must file a nominating petition containing the signatures of at least five percent of the qualified registered electors of the geographical area of the office sought.[25]
  • No petition candidate is required to furnish the signatures of more than 10,000 qualified registered electors for any office.[25][26]
  • Petition candidates for multi-county offices must file their petitions with the State Election Commission.[25]
  • All petition candidates for State Senate, State House, and Solicitor file with the State Election Commission, regardless of whether they are multi-county or not.
  • Petition candidates must also file a Statement of Economic Interest (SEI) with the State Ethics Commission. This must be done electronically on the State Ethics Commission website.[27]
  • All nominating petitions for any political office or petition of any political party seeking certification as such in the State of South Carolina must be standardized (For more information, see "Petition requirements" below).
  • The petition must also contain in separate columns from left to right the following:
    • (a) Signature of voter and printed name of voter;
    • (b) Address of residence where registered; and
    • (c) Precinct of voter.[28]

Signature requirements for independent candidates

Office Sought Number of signatures needed
Governor and other statewide offices five percent of the qualified registered voters in the state
Members of State House and State Senate five percent of the qualified registered voters in the district or area to be represented

For informational purposes, the table below provides two examples of signature requirements in a State House district.

State House District 1 State House District 10
Number of registered voters in district (2012) 106,880 73,146
Number of signatures required 5,344 signatures 3,658 signatures

For write-in candidates

  • Generally, there are no filing forms or fees required to run as a write-in candidate. However, write-in candidates should notify the appropriate election commission in writing that they are conducting a write-in campaign.[29]
  • A candidate who was defeated in a political party's primary may not actively offer or campaign as a write-in candidate for the ensuing election.[30]

Events

2012 controversy

See also: South Carolina House of Representatives elections, 2012 and South Carolina State Senate elections, 2012

During the 2012 election, nearly 250 South Carolina candidates were removed from the primary ballot due to the failure of many candidates from both parties to file a Statement of Economic Interest by the March 30, 2012 deadline. According to state law, candidates that had missed the filing deadline would not appear on the primary ballot. In April 2012, the State Ethics Commission extended the deadline by 10 days, which sparked enough controversy to bring the issue before the South Carolina Supreme Court.[31]

In May 2012, the state Supreme Court ruled unanimously that any candidate who had not filed the necessary statement of economic interest would be ineligible to run, and subsequently ordered the political parties to remove candidates from the primary ballots.[32] The Court also denied a re-hearing requested by South Carolina Republican Party, the state Democratic Party, and the State Elections Commission.[33] Nearly 250 challengers were ultimately removed from the primary ballot. Candidates that were thrown off the primary ballot often attempted to gain ballot access as independent candidates for the November 2012 general election.[34]

The South Carolina Supreme Court is appointed by the legislature, and this had led to cries of incumbent protectionism by some. Mark Tompkins, a political science professor at USC, claimed, "The good ol' boys are winning again...this process feeds that story. It makes folks say, 'Gosh, the insiders have the edge in this process.'"[33]

Petition requirements

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Section 7-11-80 of the South Carolina Code

In some cases, political parties and/or candidates may need to obtain signatures via the petition process with relation to ballot access. This section outlines the laws and regulations pertaining to petitions and circulators.

For candidates

There are no specified requirements for circulators, but there are requirements for the form of the petition. These include:

  • (1) Shall be on good quality original bond paper sized 8 1/2 X 14.
  • (2) Shall contain a concise statement of purpose; in the case of nomination of candidates, the name of the candidate, the office for which he offers and the date of the election for such office shall be contained in such petition.
  • (3) Shall contain in separate columns from left to right the following:
    • Signature of voter and printed name of voter
    • Address of residence where registered
    • Precinct of voter
  • (4) No single petition page shall contain the signatures of registered voters from different counties.
  • (5) All signatures of registered voters shall be numbered consecutively.
  • (6) Petitions with more than one page must have the pages consecutively numbered upon filing with the appropriate authority.[35]

The relevant statutes do not stipulate a date on which petitions may begin to circulate. No other restrictions or requirements, including dates for challenging petitions, were found in the relevant statutes that apply to candidates or circulators of nominating petitions.

Campaign finance

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Section 8-13 of the State Ethics Commission's Campaign Practices Law

General requirements

  • A candidate must file a Statement of Economic Interests for the preceding calendar year at the same time and with the same official with whom the candidate files a Declaration of Candidacy or petition for nomination. These Statements of Economic Interests must be filed with the State Ethics Commission electronically.[36]
    • For candidates running for the nomination of a political party, they must submit a Statement of Economic Interests by March 30, 2014.[37]
    • For independent candidates nominated by petition, it is within 15 days of filing their petition with the State Election Commission.[38]
  • If a candidate filed for office before January first of the year in which the election is held, he must file a supplementary statement covering the preceding calendar year no later than April first of the year in which the election is held.[39]
  • Candidates, upon the receipt or expenditure of campaign contributions or the making of independent expenditures totaling an accumulated aggregate of $500 or more, are required to file an initial certified campaign report within 10 days of these initial receipts or expenditures.[40]
  • Candidates must maintain and preserve an account of the following:
    • The total amount of contributions accepted by the candidate.
    • The name and address of each person making a contribution and the amount and date of receipt of each contribution.
    • The total amount of expenditures made by or on behalf of the candidate.
    • The name and address of each person to whom an expenditure is made including the date, amount, purpose, and beneficiary of the expenditure;
    • All receipted bills, canceled checks, or other proof of payment for each expenditure
    • The occupation of each person making a contribution.
  • The candidate's committee must maintain and preserve all receipted bills and accounts required above for four years.[41]

Reporting requirements

  • Certified campaign reports must be filed on a format specified by the State Ethics Commission. The reports filed must be typed or printed in ink on forms supplied by the commission. A report may be filed with the commission on a computerized printout if the commission approves the proposed format and style.
  • Contribution and expenditure reports must include the following:
    • A designation as a pre-election or quarterly report and, if a pre-election report, the election date.
    • The candidate's name and address or, in the case of a committee, the name and address of the committee.
    • The balance of campaign accounts on hand at the beginning and at the close of the reporting period and the location of those campaign accounts.
    • The total amount of all contributions received during the reporting period; the total amount of contributions of one hundred dollars or less in the aggregate from one source received during the reporting period; and the name and address of each person contributing more than one hundred dollars in the aggregate during the reporting period, the date and amount of the contribution, and the year-to-date total for each contributor.
    • The total amount of all loans received during the reporting period and the total amount of loans for the year to date. The report also must include the date and amount of each loan from one source during the reporting period, the name and address of each maker or guarantor of each loan, the year-to-date total of each maker or guarantor, and the terms of the loan, including the interest rate, repayment terms, loan payments, and existing balances on each loan;
    • The date and amount of any in-kind contributions of more than $100 in the aggregate by one person during the reporting period, and the contributor's name, address, and year-to-date total;
    • The total amount of all refunds, rebates, interest, and other receipts not previously identified during the reporting period, and their year-to-date total.
    • The aggregate total of all contributions, loans, and other receipts during the reporting period and the year-to-date total.
    • The total amount of all loans made during the reporting period and the year-to-date total.[42]

Reporting schedule

  • Following the filing of an initial certified campaign report, additional certified campaign reports must be filed within 10 days following the end of each calendar quarter in which contributions are received or expenditures are made, whether before or after an election until the campaign account undergoes final disbursement.[43]
Deadline Report Reporting period
January 10, 2014 2013 quarterly campaign disclosure form October 1, 2013 - December 31, 2013
April 10, 2014 First quarter campaign disclosure form January 1, 2014 - March 31, 2013
July 10, 2014 Second quarter campaign disclosure form April 1, 2013 - June 30, 2013
October 10, 2014 Third quarter campaign disclosure form July 1, 2014 - September 30, 2014

Contribution limits

  • Candidates may not accept more than the following amounts from a single contributor during an election cycle. These limits apply to each primary, general, and runoff election:[44]
    • $3,500 for statewide candidates
    • $1,000 for state legislative candidates.

Election-related agencies

Figure 1: This is the Statement of Intention of Candidacy & Party Pledge Form.
See also: State election agencies

Candidates running for office will require some form of interaction with the following agencies:

  • State of South Carolina State Elections Commission
Why: This agency provides and processes nominating petitions and statement of candidacy forms.
2221 Devine Street, Suite 105
Columbia, SC 29205-2418
Main: 803.734.9060
Fax: 803.734.9366
E-mail: elections@elections.sc.gov
website: http://www.scvotes.org
  • South Carolina State Ethics Commission
Why: This agency provides and processes statement of economic interests. This agency also processes campaign finance reports.
5000 Thurmond Mall, Suite 250
Columbia, South Carolina 29201
Phone: (803) 253-4192
Website: http://ethics.sc.gov/Pages/default.aspx

Counties

See also: Counties in South Carolina

Candidates must file a number of documents with the county elections office in the county they reside in. Individual county contact information can be found in the following table. If a website is not provided in the table, it is because one does not exist for this municipality. To provide a link or information in the table below, please email us.

Term limits

State executives

Portal:State Executive Officials
See also: State executives with term limits and States with gubernatorial term limits

The state executive term limits in South Carolina are as follows:[45]

  • The Governor must wait four years and/or one full term before being eligible again after serving two consecutive terms.
  • The Lieutenant Governor may serve a total of two terms.

There were no state executives who were term-limited in 2014.[46]

State legislators

See also: State legislatures with term limits

There are no term limits placed on South Carolina state legislators.

Congressional partisanship

Portal:Congress
See also: List of United States Representatives from South Carolina and List of United States Senators from South Carolina

Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from South Carolina:

Congressional Partisan Breakdown from South Carolina
Party U.S. Senate U.S. House Total
     Democratic Party 0 1 1
     Republican Party 2 6 8
TOTALS as of December 2014 2 7 9

State legislative partisanship

Portal:State legislatures

Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of South Carolina:

State Senate

Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 18
     Republican Party 28
Total 46

State House

Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 46
     Republican Party 77
     Vacant 1
Total 124


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See also

External links

Official state and federal links

Forms

Other information

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 South Carolina State Election Commission, "2014 Election Calendar," accessed November 4, 2013
  2. Ballotpedia phone call with State Elections Commission of South Carolina, October 9, 2013
  3. South Carolina State Election Commission, "Certified Political Parties of South Carolina," accessed October 28, 2013
  4. South Carolina Code of Laws: Title 7, Section 7-11-70," accessed December 6, 2013
  5. E-mail consultation with ballot access expert Richard Winger in January 2014.
  6. Ballot Access News, "South Carolina Supreme Court Rules that Minor Parties Don't Need to Get Permission from Primary Voters to Continue Nominating by Convention," April 24, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 WISTV.com, "American Party, brainchild of former gubernatorial candidates, officially certified," accessed February 3, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 Herald Online, "Former GOP, Democratic gubernatorial candidates seek to create third party in S.C.," accessed February 3, 2014
  9. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Title 7:1-20," accessed January 23, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 South Carolina Code of Laws, "Title 7: Elections, Section 7-9-10," accessed November 25, 2013
  11. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Section 7-11-80," accessed November 25, 2013
  12. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Title 7-9-10," accessed January 16, 2014
  13. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Title 7-9-70," accessed January 16, 2014
  14. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Section 7-9-100," accessed January 16, 2013
  15. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Section 7-11-20, 7-11-30, and 7-13-40," accessed January 16, 2013
  16. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Section 7-9-10," accessed December 11, 2013
  17. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Section 7-13-40," accessed January 17, 2014
  18. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Section 7-9-70, Section 7-9-80," accessed December 11, 2013
  19. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Section 7-9-90 and Section 7-9-100," accessed December 11, 2013
  20. South Carolina Code of Laws, "Section 7-11-30," accessed December 11, 2013
  21. South Carolina Code, "Title 7-11-15(a)," accessed January 15, 2014
  22. South Carolina State Election Commission, "Nomination by Political Party," accessed October 24, 2013
  23. South Carolina Code, "Title 7-11-15(a)," accessed January 15, 2014
  24. South Carolina State Election Commission, "Nomination by Political Party," accessed October 24, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 South Carolina Code, "Title 7-11-70," accessed January 15, 2014
  26. South Carolina State Election Commission, "Nomination by Petition," accessed October 24, 2013
  27. South Carolina State Election Commission, "Nomination by Petition," accessed October 24, 2013
  28. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named scpetition_requirements
  29. South Carolina State Election Commission, "Write-in Candidates," accessed October 24, 2013
  30. South Carolina Code, "Title 7-11-210," accessed January 15, 2014
  31. The State,, "Democrats hit state’s decision allowing more time on election forms," accessed April 17, 2012
  32. The State,, "Up to 100 S.C. candidates ordered off June ballots," accessed May 4, 2012
  33. 33.0 33.1 WISTV,, "Supreme Court denies parties' request for rehearing," May 4, 2012
  34. Collecting petitions on a primary day gone bust, "The State," accessed June 18, 2012
  35. South Carolina Election Code, "Section 7-11-80," accessed January 2, 2014
  36. Campaign Practices Law and Penalties, "Section 8-13-1356," accessed November 25, 2013
  37. South Carolina State Election Commission, "Nomination by Political Party," accessed October 24, 2013
  38. State Ethics Commission, "Election Material," accessed November 25, 2013
  39. Campaign Practices Law and Penalties, "Section 8-13-1356(F)," accessed January 16, 2014
  40. Campaign Practices Law and Penalties, "Section 8-13-1308(A)," accessed November 25, 2013
  41. Campaign Practices Law and Penalties, "Section 8-13-1302," accessed November 25, 2013
  42. Campaign Practices Law and Penalties, "Section 8-13-1360," accessed January 16, 2014
  43. Campaign Practices Law and Penalties, "Section 8-13-1308(B)," accessed November 25, 2013
  44. State Ethics Commission, "Candidate Campaign Disclosure User Guide," accessed November 25, 2013
  45. State executives with term limits
  46. South Carolina state executive official elections, 2014