Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Washington
Absentee voting • Early voting •
Open Primary •
Closed Primary • Blanket Primary •
U.S. House requirements for Independents in 2014
- 1 Year-specific dates
- 2 Political parties
- 3 Process to establish a political party
- 4 Process to become a candidate
- 5 Petition requirements
- 6 Campaign finance
- 7 Election-related agencies
- 8 Term limits
- 9 Congressional partisanship
- 10 State legislative partisanship
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
- 13 References
- United States Congress
- State executive offices (e.g., Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, etc.)
- Washington State Legislature
This page contains information on specific filing dates for each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Washington. Information on running for election as a presidential candidate or for county and municipal offices is not included. This page reflects research completed in April 2014.
Note: If you have any questions or comments about this page, email us.
Washington uses a blanket primary system. Washington state voters passed Initiative 872 in 2004 establishing a single primary for all candidates. The top two vote-getters -- regardless of party -- advance to the general election. The Ninth Circuit struck down the initiative in July 2005, but the Supreme Court ruled on March 18, 2008 in Washington State Grange v. Washington State Republican Party et al. that Initiative 872 was at least facially constitutional (that is, under a plain reading of the law, the initiative was constitutional, regardless of the law's effects) and could go into effect. On January 22, 2010 the Democratic, Republican and Libertarian Parties filed amended complaints against the initiative, which were heard before a federal court in November 2010. In January 2011, Judge John Coughenour upheld the law, rejecting arguments that the system confuses voters who could interpret a candidate's party preference as an official endorsement by the party. Democrats and Libertarians filed separate requests asking the U.S. Supreme Court to hear an appeal. On October 1, 2012, the court announced it would not hear the challenge.
- See also: Washington elections, 2014
Washington will have a nonpartisan primary on August 8, 2014 and a general election on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:
- 10 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
- 25 seats in the Washington State Senate
- 98 seats in the Washington House of Representatives
The 2014 filing deadline for all party candidates running for office is May 16, 2014. The filing deadline for write-in candidates participating in the primary election is July 21, 2014. The filing deadline for write-in candidates participating in the general election is October 17, 2014.
|Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014|
|Deadline||Event type||Event description|
|Within 2 weeks of becoming a candidate||Campaign finance||Statement of Organization, Personal Financial Affairs Statement, and Candidate Registration forms due|
|May 16, 2014||Ballot access||Filing deadline for party candidates participating in the top-2 primary|
|Within 5 business days of receipt for each deposit||Campaign finance||Cash Receipts (Form C3) due|
|June 10, 2014||Campaign finance||Campaign Summary Report (Form C4) due|
|July 15, 2014||Campaign finance||21-days before primary report due (Form C4)|
|July 21, 2014||Ballot access||Filing deadline for write-in candidates participating in the top-2 primary|
|July 29, 2014||Campaign finance||7-days before primary report due (Form C4)|
|August 8, 2014||Election date||Primary date|
|September 10, 2014||Campaign finance||Post-primary report due (Form C4)|
|October 14, 2014||Campaign finance||21-days before general election report due (Form C4)|
|October 17, 2014||Ballot access||Filing deadline for write-in candidates participating in the general election|
|October 28, 2014||Campaign finance||7-days before general election report due (Form C4)|
|November 4, 2014||Election date||General election|
|December 10, 2014||Campaign finance||Post-general report due (Form C4)|
As of October 2013, the two largest political parties in Washington are the Republican and Democratic parties. The top-2 primary system, however, is a non-partisan primary, which allows candidates to state a party preference to appear next to their names on the ballot.
|Party||Website link||By-laws/Platform link|
|Republican Party||Official party website||Party platform|
|Democratic Party||Official party website||Party platform|
In some states, a candidate may choose to have a label other than that of an officially recognized party appear alongside his or her name on the ballot. Such labels are called political party designations. A political party designation would be used when a candidate qualifies as an independent, but prefers to use a different label. Washington does allow candidates to identify in this way. A total of 25 states allow candidates to use political party designations in non-presidential elections.
The 11 states listed below (and Washington, D.C.) do not provide a process for political organizations to gain qualified status in advance of an election. Instead, in these states, an aspirant party must first field candidates using party designations. If the candidate or candidates win the requisite votes, the organization may then be recognized as an official political party. In these states, a political party can be formed only if the candidate in the general election obtains a specific number of votes. The number of votes required and type of race vary from state to state. Details can be found on the state-specific requirements pages.
Process to establish a political party
See statutes: Chapter 29A.80 of the Washington Election Code
In Washington, the top-2 primary system allows candidates to list any party as the party that they prefer. Thus, minor parties and minor party candidates are not required to conduct conventions or collect signatures to qualify for the ballot. Washington state law no longer dictates how political parties conduct their nominations, and the parties may decide themselves how to conduct their nominations. A "major political party" is defined as a political party whose nominees for president and vice president received at least five percent of the total vote cast at the last presidential election. A "minor political party" is a political organization other than a major political party.
Each political party organization may adopt rules governing its own organization and the non-statutory functions of that organization. However, there are statutory requirements for the organization of the party's state committee. They include the following:
- The state committee of each major political party consists of one committeeman and one committeewoman from each county elected by the county central committee at its organization meeting. It must have a chair and vice chair of opposite sexes.
- This committee shall meet during January of each odd-numbered year for the purpose of organization at a time and place designated by a notice mailed at least one week before the date of the meeting to all new state committeemen and committeewomen by the authorized officers of the retiring committee.
- At its organizational meeting, the committee shall elect its chair and vice chair, and such officers as its bylaws may provide. The committee will also adopt bylaws, rules, and regulations, which may stipulate the following:
- Call conventions at such time and place and under such circumstances and for such purposes as the call to convention designates. The manner, number, and procedure for selection of state convention delegates is subject to the committee's rules and duly adopted regulations;
- Provide for the election of delegates to national conventions;
- Provide for the nomination of presidential electors; and
- Perform all functions inherent in such an organization.
Process to become a candidate
|Quick facts about Lieutenant Governors|
See statutes: Chapter 29A.24 of the Washington Election Code
For party candidates
A candidate who desires to have his or her name printed on the ballot for election to an office other than president shall complete and file a declaration of candidacy. The candidate will declare the following:
- That he or she is a registered voter within the jurisdiction of the office for which he or she is filing, and the address at which he or she is registered.
- Indicate the position for which he or she is filing.
- State a party preference, if the office is a partisan office (U.S. Senate and U.S. House, State Legislature, Governor and other statewide office)
- Indicate the amount of the filing fee accompanying the declaration of candidacy or for the candidate to indicate that he or she is filing a filing fee petition in lieu of the filing fee.
- Sign the declaration of candidacy, stating that the information provided on the form is true and swearing or affirming that he or she will support the Constitution and laws of the United States and the Constitution and laws of the state of Washington.
- Candidates must also submit the declaration of candidacy to the Washington Public Disclosure Commission within 1 business day after the filing period has ended.
- The filing period for candidates begins the Monday two weeks before Memorial Day and ends the following Friday in the year in which the office is scheduled to be voted upon.
A filing fee equal to one percent of the annual salary of the office at the time of filing shall accompany the declaration of candidacy for any office with a fixed annual salary of more than one thousand dollars per annum.
A candidate who lacks sufficient assets or income at the time of filing to pay the filing fee may submit with his or her declaration of candidacy a filing fee petition. The petition shall contain not less than a number of signatures of registered voters equal to the number of dollars of the filing fee. The signatures shall be of voters registered to vote within the jurisdiction of the office for which the candidate is filing.
|2014 filing fees for candidates|
|Office||Annual salary (2014)||Filing fee (1% of annual salary)||Signature requirements in lieu of filing fee|
|Secretary of State||$116,950||$1169.50||1,170|
|State House and State Senate||$42,106||$421.06||421|
For write-in candidates
- Any person who desires to be a write-in candidate and have such votes counted at a primary or general election may file a declaration of candidacy with the Secretary of State and the Washington Public Disclosure Commission not later than 18 days before a primary or general election.
- Declarations of candidacy for write-in candidates must be accompanied by a filing fee in the same manner as required of other candidates filing for the office as provided, or a filing fee petition with the required signatures in lieu of the filing fee.
In some cases, political parties and/or candidates may need to obtain signatures via the petition process to gain access to the ballot. This section outlines the laws and regulations pertaining to petitions and circulators in Washington.
Filing fee petition for candidates
See statutes: Chapter 29A.24.101 of the Washington Election Code
In lieu of paying a filing fee, candidates can submit a filing fee petition with the required signatures equivalent to the dollar amount of the filing fee for the specific office. The petition must be in substantially the following form:
This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
|“|| (FILING FEE PETITION FOR CANDIDATES)
We, the undersigned registered voters of (the state of Washington or the political subdivision for which the nomination is made), hereby petition that the name of (candidate’s name) be printed on the official primary ballot for the office of (insert name of office).
The relevant statutes do not stipulate clearly any information on petition challenges or circulator requirements.
In Washington, a person becomes a candidate when he or she raises or spends money, reserves space or buys advertising, authorizes someone else to take one of these actions, makes a public announcement or files a declaration of candidacy form.
Every candidate's committee must file a statement of organization with the Washington Public Disclosure Commission. The statement must be filed within two weeks after organization or within two weeks after the date the committee first has the expectation of receiving contributions or making expenditures in any election campaign, whichever is earlier.
A political committee organized within the last three weeks before an election and having the expectation of receiving contributions or making expenditures during and for that election campaign shall file a statement of organization within three business days after its organization or when it first has the expectation of receiving contributions or making expenditures in the election campaign.
Statement of Organization
The statement of organization shall include but not be limited to:
- The name and address of the committee.
- The names and addresses of all related or affiliated committees or other persons, and the nature of the relationship or affiliation.
- The names, addresses, and titles of its officers; or if it has no officers, the names, addresses, and titles of its responsible leaders.
- The name and address of its treasurer and depository.
- A statement whether the committee is a continuing one.
- The name, office sought, and party affiliation of each candidate whom the committee is supporting or opposing, and, if the committee is supporting the entire ticket of any party, the name of the party.
- The ballot proposition concerned, if any, and whether the committee is in favor of or opposed to such proposition.
- What distribution of surplus funds will be made in the event of dissolution.
- The street address of the place and the hours during which the committee will make available for public inspection its books of account and all reports filed.
- Such other information as the commission may by regulation prescribe.
- The name, address, and title of any person who authorizes expenditures or makes decisions on behalf of the candidate or committee; and
- The name, address, and title of any person who is paid by or is a volunteer for a candidate or political committee to perform ministerial functions and who performs ministerial functions on behalf of two or more candidates or committees.
- Each candidate, within two weeks after becoming a candidate, and each political committee, at the time it is required to file a statement of organization, shall designate and file with the commission the name and address of one legally competent individual, who may be the candidate, to serve as a treasurer.
- Each candidate and each political committee shall designate and file with the commission and the appropriate county elections officer the name and address of not more than one depository for each county in which the campaign is conducted in which the candidate's or political committee's accounts are maintained and the name of the account or accounts maintained in that depository on behalf of the candidate or political committee.
- Each candidate or political committee must file with the commission a report of all contributions received and expenditures made at various intervals throughout the election cycle. Candidates will submit the following forms throughout the election cycle:
- Form F1 (Personal Financial Affairs Statement): This form is used to report sources of income, real estate transactions, bank accounts, stocks, debts owed, business holdings and business customers. It is due within 2 weeks of becoming a candidate.
- Form C1 (Candidate Registration): This form contains office sought, reporting option, committee officers, treasurer's name, time and place for public inspection of records. It is due within 2 weeks of becoming a candidate.
- Form C3 (Cash Receipts): This form is used to report names of contributors, amounts, addresses, occupation, and employer. All monetary contributions must be deposited within 5 business days of receipt. A C-3 form must be filled out for each deposit. Prior to June 1, C-3 is due monthly; after June 1, file C-3 reports weekly on Monday.
- Form C4 (Campaign Summary Report): This form is used to report total contributions and expenditures for defined period and overall campaign. This form is due with an initial C-1 report if contributions were received or expenditures made prior to registration and on the 10th of each month covering the proceeding months activity through June 10th of the election year.
|Campaign finance reporting schedule|
|Filing deadline||Required forms|
|Within 2 weeks of becoming a candidate|| Form F1|
Form C4 (if contributions were received or made)
|By the 10th of each month||Form C4 (if no other C4 is required during that month and if contributions or expenditures are over $200 since the last C4)|
|Within 5 business days of receipt for each deposit||Form C3|
|July 15, 2014 (21 days before primary)||Form C4|
|July 29, 2014 (7 days before primary)||Form C4|
|September 10, 2014 (Post-primary report)||Form C4|
|October 14, 2014 (21 days before general)||Form C4|
|October 28, 2014 (7 days before general)||Form C4|
|December 10, 2014 (Post-general report)||Form C4|
- For informational purposes, the term per cycle means the period from January 1 after the date of the previous general election for the office through December 31 after the upcoming general election for the office. The term per election means per each primary, general, or special election for that office.
- During the 21 days before the general election, no contributor may donate over $50,000 in the aggregate to a candidate for statewide office, or over $5,000 in the aggregate to a candidate for any other office or to a political committee. This includes contributions to a party committee, as well as a candidate's personal contributions to his or her own campaign.
- At the beginning of each even-numbered calendar year, the commission shall increase or decrease the dollar amounts of contribution limits based on changes in economic conditions as reflected in the inflationary index. The commission may revise, at least once every five years but no more often than every two years, these contribution limits.
|Contribution limits by contributor|
|Candidate's committee||State Party||County Or LD Party Committee||Caucus Political Committee (House or Senate)||Candidate Committees||PACs, Unions, Corps and other entities||Individuals|
|Statewide Executive Candidate Committee||$0.95 per Reg. Voter per cycle||$0.50 per Reg. Voter per cycle (Joint Limit)||$0.95 per Reg. Voter per cycle||Prohibited||$1,900 per election||$1,900 per election|
|Legislative Candidate Committee||$0.95 per Reg. Voter per cycle||$0.50 per Reg. Voter per cycle (Joint Limit)||$0.95 per Reg. Voter per cycle||Prohibited||$950 per election||$950 per election|
- See also: State election agencies
Candidates running for office will require some form of interaction with the following agencies:
- Washington Secretary of State
- Why: To obtain and file nominating petitions; To obtain and file declaration of candidacy forms
- 520 Union Avenue SE
- Olympia, WA 98501-1429
- Telephone: 360.902.4180
- Toll-Free: 1.800.448.4881
- TDD/TTY: 1.800.422.8683
- Website: http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- 520 Union Avenue SE
Washington State Public Disclosure Commission
- Why: To obtain and file campaign finance reporting forms
- 711 Capitol Way #206
- P.O. Box 40908
- Olympia, WA 98504-0908
- Phone: 360-753-1111
- Website: http://www.pdc.wa.gov/
- 711 Capitol Way #206
- See also: Counties in Washington
Candidates must file a number of documents with the county elections office in the county they reside in. Individual county contact information can be found below.
|Washington County Contact Information|
|County||Phone||Secondary Phone||Fax||Website||Physical Address||Mailing Address|
|Adamsemail@example.com||509-659-3249||509-659-3254||Link||210 West Broadway Ave Suite 200 Ritzville, WA 99169-1897|
|Asotinfirstname.lastname@example.org||509-243-2084||509-243-2087||Link||135 2nd St. Asotin, WA 99402-0129||PO Box 129 Asotin, WA 99402-0129|
|Bentonemail@example.com||509-736-3085||509-786-5618||(509) 786-5482||Link||620 Market St in Prosser, 5600 W Canal Dr in Kennewick, 101 Wellsian Way Ste E in Richland||PO Box 470 Prosser, WA 99350-0470|
|Chelanfirstname.lastname@example.org||509-667-6808||509-667-6818||Link||350 Orondo Avenue Level 3, Wenatchee 98801||PO Box 4670 Wenatchee 98801|
|Clallamemail@example.com||360-417-2221||(360) 417-2312||Link||223 E 4th Street Suite #1 Port Angeles, WA 98362-3026|
|Clarkfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-397-2345||360-397-2394||Link||1408 Franklin Street Vancouver, WA 98666-8815||PO Box 8815 Vancouver, WA 98666-8815|
|Columbiaemail@example.com||509-382-4541||509-382-4830||Link||341 East Main Street, Suite 3 Dayton, WA 99328-1361|
|Cowlitzfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-577-3005||360-442-7879||Link||207 4th Avenue N. Rm 107 Kelso, WA 98626-4124|
|Douglasemail@example.com||509-745-8527 ext 6407||509-745-8812||Link||213 S Rainier St. Waterville, WA 98858-0456||PO Box 456 Waterville, WA 98858-0456|
|Ferryfirstname.lastname@example.org||509-775-5200||509-775-5208||Link||350 E. Delaware Ave. #2 Republic, WA 99166-9747|
|Franklinemail@example.com||509-545-3538||509-543-2995||Link||1016 N. 4th Avenue Pasco, WA 99301-1451||PO Box 1451 Pasco, WA 99301-1451|
|Garfieldfirstname.lastname@example.org||509-843-1411||509-843-3941||Link||789 Main St Pomeroy, WA 99347-0278||PO Box 278 Pomeroy, WA 99347-0278|
|Grantemail@example.com||509-754-2011 ext. 423||509-754-6562||Link||35 C St NW Ephrata, WA 98823-0037||PO Box 37 Ephrata, WA 98823-0037|
|Grays Harborfirstname.lastname@example.org||(360) 964-1556||360-249-3330||Link||100 Broadway Avenue W., Suite 2 Montesano, WA 98563-3614|
|Islandemail@example.com||360-679-7366||(360) 678-2326||Link||400 N Main St Coupeville, WA 98239-1410||PO Box 1410 Coupeville, WA 98239-1410|
|Jeffersonfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-385-9117||360-385-9228||Link||1820 Jefferson St. Port Townsend, WA 98368-0563||PO Box 563 Port Townsend, WA 98368-0563|
|Kingemail@example.com||206-296-8683||206-296-0108||Link||919 Southwest Grady Way Renton, WA 98057-2906|
|Kitsapfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-337-7128||360-337-5769||Link||619 Division Street Port Orchard, WA 98366-4678|
|Kittitasemail@example.com||509-962-7503||509-962-7687||Link||205 W. 5th Ave Suite 105 Ellensburg, WA 98926-2891|
|Klickitatfirstname.lastname@example.org||509-773-4001||509-773-4244||Link||205 S. Columbus Avenue, MS 2 Goldendale, WA 98620-9280|
|Lewis||Heather.Boyer@lewiscountywa.gov||360-740-1278||360-740-1421||Link||351 N.W. North Street Chehalis, WA 98532-0029||PO Box 29 Chehalis, WA 98532-0029|
|Lincolnemail@example.com||509-725-4971||509-725-0820||Link||450 Logan Davenport, WA 99122-0028||PO Box 28 Davenport, WA 99122-0028|
|Masonfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-427-9670 ext.469||360-427-1753||Link||411 N. 5th Street Shelton, WA 98584-0400||PO Box 400 Shelton, WA 98584-0400|
|Okanoganemail@example.com||509-422-7240||509-422-7163||Link||149 3rd Avenue N. Rm.104 Okanogan, WA 98840-1010||PO Box 1010 Okanogan, WA 98840-1010|
|Pacificfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-875-9317||360-875-9333||Link||300 Memorial Drive in South Bend, 7013 Sunridge in Longbeach (98631) PO Box 97||PO Box 97 South Bend, WA 98586-0097|
|Pend Oreilleemail@example.com||509-447-3185||509-447-6472||509-447-2475||Link||625 W. 4th Newport, WA 99156-5015||PO Box 5015 Newport, WA 99156-5015|
|Piercefirstname.lastname@example.org||253-798-7430 and 800-446-4979||253-798-2761||Link||2501 S. 35th St. Suite C Tacoma, WA 98409-7484|
|San Juanemail@example.com||360-378-3357||360-378-8856||Link||55 2nd Street, Suite A Friday Harbor, WA 98250-0638||PO Box 638 Friday Harbor, WA 98250-0638|
|Skagitfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-336-9305||360-336-9429||Link||PO Box 1306 Admin Building, Room 201 700 S. Second Street|
|Skamaniaemail@example.com||509-427-3730||509-427-3740||Link||240 NW Vancouver Ave. Stevenson , WA 98648-0790||PO Box 790 Stevenson , WA 98648-0790|
|Snohomishfirstname.lastname@example.org||425-388-3444||425-259-2777||Link||3000 Rockefeller Avenue #505 Everett, WA 98201-4060|
|Spokaneemail@example.com||509-477-2320||509-477-6607||Link||1033 W. Gardner Ave Spokane, WA 99260-0020|
|Stevensfirstname.lastname@example.org||509-684-7514||1-866-307-9060||509-684-7568||Link||215 South Oak Street Rm. 106 Colville, WA 99114-2836|
|Thurstonemail@example.com||360-786-5408||360-786-5223||Link||2000 Lakeridge Drive S.W. Olympia, WA 98502-6090|
|Wahkiakumfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-795-3219||360-795-0824||Link||64 Main Street Cathlamet, WA 98612-0543||PO Box 543 Cathlamet, WA 98612-0543|
|Walla Wallaemail@example.com||509-524-2530||509-524-2552||Link||310 W. Poplar St. Walla Walla, WA 99362-0356||PO Box 2176 Walla Walla, WA 99362-0356|
|Whatcomfirstname.lastname@example.org||360-676-6742||360-738-4556||Link||311 Grand Avenue, Suite 103 Bellingham, WA 98225-4038|
|Whitmanemail@example.com||509-397-5284||509-397-5281||Link||N 304 Main St Colfax, WA 99111||PO Box 191 Colfax, WA 99111|
|Yakima||iVote@co.yakima.wa.us||509-574-1340||509-574-1341||Link||128 N. Second Street, Room 117 Yakima WA 98901||PO Box 12570 Yakima WA 98909-2570|
There are no provisions specifying any state executive term limits in Washington.
- See also: State legislatures with term limits
There are no term limits for Washington state legislators.
Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from Washington:
|Congressional Partisan Breakdown from Washington|
|Party||U.S. Senate||U.S. House||Total|
|TOTALS as of April 2014||2||10||12|
State legislative partisanship
Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of Washington:
|Party||As of April 2014|
|Party||As of April 2014|
- Washington elections, 2014
- Campaign finance requirements for Washington ballot measures
- Washington signature requirements
- State election agencies
- Counties in Washington
- State executives with term limits
- States with gubernatorial term limits
- State legislatures with term limits
- List of United States Representatives from Washington
- List of United States Senators from Washington
- Blanket primary
- Official Website of the Washington Secretary of State Office - Elections & Voting
- Official Website of the Washington Public Disclosure Commission
- Official Website of the Federal Election Commission
- FEC 2014 Primary Election Dates and Candidate Filing Deadlines
- Washington Election Laws
- Statewide Initiative and Referenda Manual
- Circulating Petitions FAQ
- How to Become a Candidate Guide (includes Declaration of Candidacy Form, Page 6)
- Declaration of Write-In Candidacy
- Voters’ Pamphlet Submission Form (Page 12)
- Personal Financial Affairs Statement Form
- Candidate Registration Form
- Ballot Access News -- News updates and analysis of ballot access issues
- ThirdPartyPolitics.us - a blog about American third party and independent politics
- RangeVoting.org - a listing of notably restrictive ballot access requirements
- Center for Competitive Politics, "Election Law Handbook" Winter 2013
- National Voter Outreach - a political consulting firm that specializes in organizing petition signature drives
- Washington State Grange v. Republican Party
- California Independent Voter Network,, "Washington State open primary ruling helps weaken possible legal challenges to California's Prop 14," January 21, 2011
- KNDO,, "Top 2 Primary Voting System upheld in Supreme Court," October 1, 2012
- Washington Secretary of State, "Washington State Election Calendar," accessed November 6, 2013
- Ballotpedia phone call with Washington Secretary of State's Office, September 19, 2013
- Washington Secretary of State, "Top 2 Primary: FAQs for Candidates," accessed December 4, 2013
- E-mail consultation with ballot access expert Richard Winger in January 2014.
- Washington Secretary of State, "Top 2 Primary System FAQ," accessed March 7, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.04.086," accessed March 13, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.04.097," accessed March 13, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.80.010," accessed March 7, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.80.020," accessed March 7, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.24.031," accessed March 7, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.24.070," accessed March 10, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.24.050," accessed March 10, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.40.070," accessed March 10, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.24.311," accessed March 10, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 29A.24.101," accessed March 11, 2014
- Washington Public Disclosure Commission, "The State Executive and Legislative Candidates Reporting Requirements," accessed March 10, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 42.17A.205," accessed March 10, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 42.17A.210," accessed March 11, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Chapter 42.17A.215," accessed March 11, 2014
- Washington Public Disclosure Commission, "Required Forms for Legislative and Executive Candidates," accessed March 11, 2014
- Washington Public Disclosure Commission, "Contribution Limits for Candidates," accessed March 11, 2014
- Washington Election Code, "Title 42.17A.125," accessed April 9, 2014