Ballotpedia:Signature requirements templates
- See also: Signature requirements
- See also: Signature requirements
|Year||Initiated statute||Veto referendum|
See law: Alaska Statues, Sec. 15.45.140
The number of signatures required to qualify an initiative for the ballot is tied to the number of votes cast for the office of Arizona governor in the most recent gubernatorial election. The number of signatures to qualify a statute is 10% of votes cast for governor and 15% to qualify a constitutional amendment. The number of signatures required to qualify a veto referendum is 5% of votes cast for governor.
Signature requirements in Arkansas differ between statutory initiatives, constitutional amendments, and veto referendums. For an initiated constitutional amendment, signatures equal to at least 10% of the total number of votes cast for the office of governor in the last gubernatorial election are required. For an initiated state statute, signatures equal to at least 8% of this total are required. For veto referendums, signatures equal to at least 6% of this total are required.
In California, the number of signatures needed to qualify a measure for the ballot is based on the total number of votes cast for the office of Governor. For initiated constitutional amendments, petitioners must collect signatures equal to 8% of the most recent gubernatorial vote. To place a statute or veto referendum on the ballot, signatures equal to 5% of this vote are required.
The number of signatures required for a successful petition is equal to 5 percent of the total number of votes cast for the office of Secretary of State in the preceding general election. The same number of signatures is required for constitutional amendments, statutes and referendums.
To place a constitutional amendment on the ballot, proponents must collect signatures equal to 8% of the total number of votes cast in the last Presidential election. To place a call for a constitutional convention on the ballot, proponents must collect signatures equal 15% of that total.
The number of signatures required is equal to 6% of the registered voters as of the last general election in each of at least 18 legislative districts; provided, however, the total number of signatures shall be equal to or greater than 6% of the qualified electors in the state at the time of the last general election.
The required number of valid signatures for both statewide initiatives and referendums are the same. It is tied to the number of votes cast for the office of the Governor of Maine in the most recent gubernatorial election. Gubernatorial elections are held in Maine every four years. The requirement is 10 percent of the total votes cast for governor (excluding blanks) in the most recent election as established in Article 4, Part Third, Section 18, sub-section 2 of the Maine Constitution.
|Year||Initiated statute||Veto referendum|
For a referendum on a statewide law: signatures must equal 3 percent of votes cast for governor in the most recent election. For a referendum on a local law, signatures must equal 10 percent of votes for governor in the affected jurisdiction.
Since Massachusetts employs an indirect initiative process, the General Court has an opportunity to adopt proposed laws and amendments before they move to a popular vote. However, unlike other states, Massachusetts requires additional signatures following legislative inaction.
For an amendment or statute, signatures must equal 3 percent of votes cast for governor in the most recent election (excluding blanks). If the legislature declines to act on a proposed statute, supporters are required to collect a second round of signatures totaling 0.5 percent of the votes cast for governor in the most recent election (excluding blanks). For proposed amendments, one-quarter of the legislature must approve the petition in a joint session -- a second round of signatures is not required.
For a veto referendum, signatures must equal 1.5 percent of the total votes cast for governor in the most recent election. No more than one-fourth of these certified signatures may come from any one county. If the petitioners request suspension of the law in writing, signatures are required totaling 2 percent of the total votes cast for governor in the last election.
|Year||Amendment or Statute||Statute add-on||Veto referendum||Veto referendum (suspension of law)|
Michigan's signature requirements are tied to the total number of votes cast for the office of Governor at the last election. For statutes, signatures equaling 8 percent of this total are required. For amendments, 10 percent are required. For veto referendums, 5 percent are required.
|Year||Initiated amendment||Initiated statute||Veto referendum|
According to Mississippi law, the number of signatures collected to qualify an initiated constitutional amendment must be equal to at least 12 percent of the total number of votes cast for Governor in the last gubernatorial general election.
|Year||Initiated constitutional amendment|
The signature requirement totals for initiatives are based on the number of votes cast for governor in the state's most recent gubernatorial election. In 2/3 of Missouri's congressional districts, proponents must collect signatures equal to 5 percent of the gubernatorial vote for initiated statutes and 8 percent of the gubernatorial vote for constitutional amendments. Thus, the total number of signatures required is less than 5 percent or 8 percent of the total votes cast for governor.
Until the next gubernatorial election in November 2016, the minimum number of signatures required is 157,788 for amendments and 98,618 for statutes. These numbers were calculated through looking at voting totals in the six smallest congressional districts. If other districts are targeted for signature collection, the requirements will be higher.
|Congressional district||2012 gubernatorial vote||Rank (among districts)||Req. for Statutes||Req. for Amendments|
The number of signatures required to qualify a measure for the ballot is tied to how many votes were cast in the last gubernatorial election. To place a constitutional amendment on the ballot, proponents must collect 10 percent of votes cast for governor in the last gubernatorial general election. For a new state statute or veto referendum, 5 percent of votes cast for governor in the most recent gubernatorial election are required.
Proponents must collect signatures equal to 10% of the total votes cast in last general election. Nevada does not require a higher percentage for constitutional amendments than it requires for statutory initiatives, veto referendums, or statute affirmations.
|Year||Amendment||Statute||Veto referendum||Statute affirmation|
Since North Dakota does not have a voter registration system, the number of signatures required is tied to the population reported by the last decennial census. As such, any US Citizen who is at least 18 years old and who has resided in the state for at least thirty days may sign an initiative petition. For statutes and veto referendums, the number of signatures required is 2 percent of the population. For constitutional amendments, it is 4 percent of the population. For recall, signatures must equal 25 percent of the votes cast for that particular office in the last election. Officials in Congress are exempt from recall. A signer's name must be legibly printed on a petition and the signer's zip code must be included.
|Year||Constitutional amendment||Initiated statute||Veto referendum|
For constitutional amendments, petitioners must submit signatures equal to 10% of the votes cast for governor in the most recent election.
For statutes, signatures equaling 3% of these votes must be submitted in order to place the proposal before the Ohio State Legislature. If the legislature fails to enact the proposed legislation, additional signatures equaling 3% of the last gubernatorial vote must be collected in order to place the measure the ballot. Put simply, if initiative sponsors believe that the legislature will not enact their proposed law, they should plan to collect signatures equaling 6% of the last gubernatorial vote.
Veto referendums also require 6%. In addition, every type of measure requires 1000 preliminary signatures with the initial filing.
|Year||Initial signatures||Initiated amendment||Initiated statute Round 1||Initiated statute Round 2||Veto referendum|
The number of signatures required is tied to the total vote cast for governor in the last gubernatorial election. Amendments, statutes, and veto referendums must receive signatures equaling 15%, 8%, and 5% of this vote, respectively. Previously rejected measures require 25% of this vote in order to be placed on the ballot again within 3 years. Signatures are presumed valid unless challenged.
The basis of the Oklahoma signature requirement used to be the votes cast for the office receiving the most votes in the state's last general election. Due to higher turnout for presidential elections, the signature requirement varied widely every fourth year. In 2010, voters passed Oklahoma State Question 750 amending the requirement.
The number of signatures required is tied to the number of votes cast for the office of governor in the state's most recent gubernatorial election. Valid signatures equaling 8% of this vote are needed for initiated constitutional amendments and signatures equal to 6% of this vote are required for initiated statutes. Signatures equal to 4% of the votes cast for governor are needed for a veto referendum.
In South Dakota, signatures are tied to the number of votes cast for the office of governor in the state's most recent gubernatorial election. For statutes or veto referendums, signatures equal to 5% of this vote are required. For constitutional amendments, signatures equal to 10% are required.
|Year||Constitutional Amendment||Statute||Veto referendum|
The number of required signatures is tied to the number of votes cast in Utah for the office of President in the most recent Presidential election. Before 2011, the basis for signature requirements was the gubernatorial election. For directly initiated statutes and veto referendums, proponents must gather signatures equal to 10% of the total votes cast for President. For indirectly initiated statutes, proponents must get 5% of this vote. If the legislature chooses not to adopt the measure, proponents must collect another 5% to place the measure on the ballot.
|Year||Direct statute||Indirect statute Round 1||Indirect statute Round 2||Veto referendum|
Washington's signature requirement is based on the total number of votes cast for the office of governor at the last regular gubernatorial election. Initiatives to the People require signatures equal to eight percent of the votes cast for the office of governor in the last election. Initiatives to the Legislature also require signatures equal to eight percent of the votes cast for the office of governor in the last election. Veto referendum petitions require signatures equal to four percent of the votes cast for the office of governor.
|Year||Initiative to the People||Initiative to the Legislature||Veto referendum|
The signature requirement in Wyoming is based on the number of votes cast in the state's most recent general election--held every two years. However, in most I&R states, the number of signatures required is based on gubernatorial elections--almost always held every four years. As a result of Wyoming's atypical system, the number of signatures changes significantly every two years due to the fact that voter turnout for presidential elections is generally much higher than in mid-term elections.
More specifically, initiated state statutes and veto referendums require signatures equal to 15 percent of the total ballots cast in the previous general election. This is the highest signature requirement of any state, even considering requirements for initiating constitutional amendments. Citizen-initiated amendments are not allowed in Wyoming.
|Year||Votes cast in most recent general election||Initiated statute||Veto referendum|
|2016||171,153 (2014 election)||25,673||25,673|
|2015||171,153 (2014 election)||25,673||25,673|
|2014||250,701 (2012 election)||37,606||37,606|
|2013||250,701 (2012 election)||37,606||37,606|
|2012||190,822 (2010 election)||28,623||28,623|
|2011||190,822 (2010 election)||28,623||28,623|
|2010||256,035 (2008 election)||38,406||38,406|
|2009||256,035 (2008 election)||38,406||38,406|
|2008||196,217 (2006 election)||29,433||29,433|
|2007||196,217 (2006 election)||29,433||29,433|
|2006||245,789 (2004 election)||36,899||36,899|
|2005||245,789 (2004 election)||36,899||36,899|
|2004||188,028 (2012 election)||28,204||28,204|
|2003||188,028 (2012 election)||28,204||28,204|