Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Arizona

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Arizona performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Arizona Governor

From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for 6 years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years, including the last 11. Arizona was under Republican trifectas for the last five years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Arizona Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Arizona State Senate for 20 years while the Democrats were never the majority. The Arizona State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. The Arizona senate spent the last 11 years under the control of the Republican party.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Arizona House of Representatives

From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Arizona State House of Representatives. The Arizona State House is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Arizona, the Arizona State Senate and the Arizona House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Arizona state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were three partisan control changes in Arizona during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Arizona slightly lower than the average.

Arizona legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Arizona government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Arizona gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Arizona’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 32.43, which puts it at 37th in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that Arizona had the highest ranking was 2006, in which it ranked 13th.
  • The year that Arizona had the lowest ranking was 2002, in which it ranked 41st.
  • The index types that Arizona had the highest ranking in were CAFR Debt to GDP and Unfunded pension liabilities per capita, in which it ranked 7th.
  • The index types that Arizona had the lowest ranking in was 24/7 Wall Street’s Best and Worst Governed States, in which it ranked 49th.
Arizona SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 48 47 47
America's Health Rankings 28 24 27 25 29 36 33 33 29 29 28 26 23 25 29 29 27 27 31 27 25
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 7 3 3 5 8 11 10 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 4 6 5 5 8 11 13 10
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10 12 18 18 24 22
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 15 18 18 36 23 20 25
Govt. Employment Share Population 22 21 19 17 14 15 17 17 15 14 14 14 10 8 5 6 6 5 6 6 7
Graduation Rate 31 31 33 35 36 42 43 39 39 39 41 28 26 26 25 43 8 39 39 41 41
Personal Income Per Capita 36 36 37 36 38 36 37 37 37 37 37 38 37 32 27 32 35 38 41 41 41
Poverty Rate 36 33 40 39 47 48 44 32 34 41 36 38 39 43 41 41 47 49 47 42 N/A
Real GDP per capita 35 37 36 34 34 41 38 34 35 33 36 35 37 31 28 30 32 36 39 38 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 36 36 18 17 20 21 24 45 45 45 45
State Govt. Spending/GDP 19 18 12 12 13 12 12 10 14 11 11 11 15 15 12 16 16 18 18 18 N/A
State & local tax burden 28 27 25 21 19 12 11 14 16 17 17 17 15 16 14 22 16 13 11 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 15
Unemployment Rate 33 26 33 28 35 24 23 33 28 28 39 27 22 21 21 15 35 36 42 37 35
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 7 10 7 N/A
Voter Turnout 35 34 34 46 46 44 44 48 48 44 44 45 45 35 35 44 44 33 33 44 44
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 13 22 29 26 22

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Arizona state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Arizona had Republican trifectas between 1993 and 2001 and between 2009 and 2013, but no Democratic trifectas during the period of the study. Between these two trifectas, Arizona had divided government. In three separate years, Arizona ranked in the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking, two of which occurred under Republican trifectas (1996 and 1997) and the other during divided government (2002). Arizona’s highest SQLI ranking occurred in 2006 (16th), under divided government, while its lowest ranking (41st) occurred in 2002 under divided government.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 36.33
  • SQLI average with divided government: 27.22
Chart displaying the partisanship of Arizona government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.