Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Arizona
- 1 Background about the study
- 2 Part 1: Partisanship analysis
- 3 Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
- 4 Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 Footnotes
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Arizona performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for 6 years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years, including the last 11. Arizona was under Republican trifectas for the last five years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Arizona State Senate for 20 years while the Democrats were never the majority. The Arizona State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. The Arizona senate spent the last 11 years under the control of the Republican party.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Arizona House of Representatives
From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Arizona State House of Representatives. The Arizona State House is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were three partisan control changes in Arizona during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Arizona slightly lower than the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Arizona’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 32.43, which puts it at 37th in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The year that Arizona had the highest ranking was 2006, in which it ranked 13th.
- The year that Arizona had the lowest ranking was 2002, in which it ranked 41st.
- The index types that Arizona had the highest ranking in were CAFR Debt to GDP and Unfunded pension liabilities per capita, in which it ranked 7th.
- The index types that Arizona had the lowest ranking in was 24/7 Wall Street’s Best and Worst Governed States, in which it ranked 49th.
|Arizona SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||48||47||47|
|America's Health Rankings||28||24||27||25||29||36||33||33||29||29||28||26||23||25||29||29||27||27||31||27||25|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||4||6||5||5||8||11||13||10|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||10||12||18||18||24||22|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||15||18||18||36||23||20||25|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||22||21||19||17||14||15||17||17||15||14||14||14||10||8||5||6||6||5||6||6||7|
|Personal Income Per Capita||36||36||37||36||38||36||37||37||37||37||37||38||37||32||27||32||35||38||41||41||41|
|Real GDP per capita||35||37||36||34||34||41||38||34||35||33||36||35||37||31||28||30||32||36||39||38||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||36||36||18||17||20||21||24||45||45||45||45|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||19||18||12||12||13||12||12||10||14||11||11||11||15||15||12||16||16||18||18||18||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||28||27||25||21||19||12||11||14||16||17||17||17||15||16||14||22||16||13||11||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||15|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||7||10||7||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Arizona state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Arizona had Republican trifectas between 1993 and 2001 and between 2009 and 2013, but no Democratic trifectas during the period of the study. Between these two trifectas, Arizona had divided government. In three separate years, Arizona ranked in the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking, two of which occurred under Republican trifectas (1996 and 1997) and the other during divided government (2002). Arizona’s highest SQLI ranking occurred in 2006 (16th), under divided government, while its lowest ranking (41st) occurred in 2002 under divided government.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 36.33
- SQLI average with divided government: 27.22
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Arizona
- Arizona State Senate
- Arizona House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Arizona
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Commissioner of Lands | Director of Labor | Chairman of Corporation Commission | State Mine Inspector |