Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Connecticut

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Connecticut performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Connecticut Governor

From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for three years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years. During the final three years, Connecticut was under Democratic trifectas.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Connecticut Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Connecticut State Senate for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Connecticut State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the last 17 years of the study, the Connecticut senate was dominated by the Democratic party.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Connecticut House of Representatives

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Connecticut State House of Representatives. The Connecticut State House is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Connecticut, the Connecticut State Senate and the Connecticut House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Connecticut state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were three partisan control changes in Connecticut during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Connecticut slightly higher than the average.

Connecticut legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Connecticut government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Connecticut gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Connecticut’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 8.48, which puts it at 6th in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The years that Connecticut had the highest ranking were 1992 and 1993, in which it ranked 1st.
  • The year that Connecticut had the lowest ranking was 2013, in which it ranked 33rd.
  • The index type that Connecticut had the highest ranking in was Personal Income Per Capita, in which it ranked 1st.
  • The index type that Connecticut had the lowest ranking in was Tax Freedom Day, in which it ranked 50th.
Connecticut SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 20 22 36
America's Health Rankings 13 6 6 6 6 8 6 6 7 6 5 7 6 5 2 3 2 7 4 4 6
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 39 37 34 38 39 42 42 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 40 35 32 41 38 44 44 44
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 31 34 35 35 39 44
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 28 31 33 35 36 35 39
Govt. Employment Share Population 3 5 6 12 12 12 12 14 14 15 17 15 13 13 14 15 15 14 13 12 13
Graduation Rate 25 16 16 12 14 19 23 20 20 26 9 22 15 11 12 13 14 13 11 12 28
Personal Income Per Capita 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Poverty Rate 5 2 19 11 22 4 12 3 7 5 5 4 16 9 3 7 3 2 2 5 N/A
Real GDP per capita 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22 21 20 18 17 20 21 24 26 26 28 29
State Govt. Spending/GDP 18 19 19 19 17 17 16 16 15 17 21 21 10 8 7 8 11 13 13 14 N/A
State & local tax burden 47 47 47 47 47 49 49 49 48 45 45 46 47 48 48 48 48 48 48 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 50
Unemployment Rate 31 26 25 28 28 26 10 2 1 2 10 22 19 24 25 32 32 28 30 33 36
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 48 48 48 N/A
Voter Turnout 6 14 14 8 8 21 21 9 9 23 23 16 16 20 20 17 17 16 16 20 20
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 18 20 9 19 16

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Connecticut state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between the years 1992 and 2005, Connecticut ranked in the top-10 in the SQLI ranking, in the top-5 for twelve of those thirteen years, and ranked 1st in 1992 and 1993. Beginning 2005, Connecticut dropped out of the top-10 and began a trend downward until hitting its lowest spot during the period of the study (33rd in 2012). Connecticut had divided government for eighteen years before having a Democratic trifecta in 2011. The state’s greatest decline in the SQLI ranking occurred between 2011 and 2012, when Connecticut dropped fourteen spots in the rankings. Connecticut has never had a Republican trifecta between 1992 and 2012.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 26.00
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with divided government: 6.63
Chart displaying the partisanship of Connecticut government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.