Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Indiana
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we are exploring these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Indiana performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for the first 13 years while there were Republican governors in office for the last nine years. Indiana was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Indiana State Senate. The Indiana State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Indiana House of Representatives
From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Indiana House of Representatives for seven years while the Democrats were the majority for 13 years.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were five partisan control changes in Indiana during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Indiana slightly higher than the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Indiana’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 22.43, which puts it at 22 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The year that Indiana had the highest ranking was 1995, in which it ranked 12th.
- The year that Indiana had the lowest ranking was 2009, in which it ranked 34th.
- The index type that Indiana had the highest ranking in was Government Employment Share of the Population, in which it ranked 8th.
- The index type that Indiana had the lowest ranking in was Voter Turnout, in which it ranked 43rd.
|Indiana SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||29||23||23|
|America's Health Rankings||27||30||31||31||33||34||31||31||33||32||33||35||37||38||39||39||35||35||38||37||41|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||14||9||13||8||11||16||6||5|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||26||13||15||21||15||14|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||32||27||25||30||29||34||18|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||11||12||11||8||6||5||6||5||5||5||6||8||9||10||9||9||11||11||10||9||9|
|Personal Income Per Capita||29||27||27||28||30||32||31||32||32||33||33||33||34||38||40||41||41||41||40||40||39|
|Real GDP per capita||30||29||29||29||29||31||28||28||29||31||31||30||30||33||35||33||33||32||32||32||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||11||11||10||18||17||10||10||1||1||1||1||1|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||11||15||13||13||11||13||12||14||15||16||13||12||17||18||15||15||15||16||19||17||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||14||8||11||10||9||13||9||9||9||10||10||12||13||17||16||17||25||31||28||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||24|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||32||35||34||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay==
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Indiana state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Indiana had a long period of divided government between 1992 and 2004 until the arrival of a Republican trifecta in 2005. Indiana reverted back to divided government between 2007 and 2010 before reverting yet again to a Republican trifecta in 2011. The state has never had a Democratic trifecta. Indiana’s highest SQLI ranking came in 1995 (12th) under divided government, while the state’s lowest SQLI ranking came in 2009 (34th), also under divided government. The state’s greatest leap in the ranking occurred between 1994 and 1995, where Indiana rose seven spots. Its greatest decline in the ranking occurred between 2003 and 2004, where the state dropped seven spots.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 29.25
- SQLI average with divided government: 20.82
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Indiana
- Indiana State Senate
- Indiana House of Representatives
- ↑ Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Indiana
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Auditor of State | State Examiner | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Utility Regulatory Commission |