Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Indiana

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Indiana performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Indiana Governor

From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for the first 13 years while there were Republican governors in office for the last nine years. Indiana was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Indiana Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Indiana State Senate. The Indiana State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Indiana House of Representatives

From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Indiana House of Representatives for seven years while the Democrats were the majority for 13 years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Indiana, the Indiana State Senate and the Indiana House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Indiana state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were five partisan control changes in Indiana during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Indiana slightly higher than the average.

Indiana legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Indiana government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Indiana gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Indiana’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 22.43, which puts it at 22 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that Indiana had the highest ranking was 1995, in which it ranked 12th.
  • The year that Indiana had the lowest ranking was 2009, in which it ranked 34th.
  • The index type that Indiana had the highest ranking in was Government Employment Share of the Population, in which it ranked 8th.
  • The index type that Indiana had the lowest ranking in was Voter Turnout, in which it ranked 43rd.
Indiana SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 29 23 23
America's Health Rankings 27 30 31 31 33 34 31 31 33 32 33 35 37 38 39 39 35 35 38 37 41
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 15 33 27 27 22 21 17 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 14 9 13 8 11 16 6 5
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 26 13 15 21 15 14
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 32 27 25 30 29 34 18
Govt. Employment Share Population 11 12 11 8 6 5 6 5 5 5 6 8 9 10 9 9 11 11 10 9 9
Graduation Rate 24 25 27 26 33 32 31 27 29 29 32 33 31 31 29 33 36 32 33 34 33
Personal Income Per Capita 29 27 27 28 30 32 31 32 32 33 33 33 34 38 40 41 41 41 40 40 39
Poverty Rate 19 21 28 9 2 5 10 2 12 12 10 17 25 32 22 29 38 40 35 35 N/A
Real GDP per capita 30 29 29 29 29 31 28 28 29 31 31 30 30 33 35 33 33 32 32 32 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 11 11 10 18 17 10 10 1 1 1 1 1
State Govt. Spending/GDP 11 15 13 13 11 13 12 14 15 16 13 12 17 18 15 15 15 16 19 17 N/A
State & local tax burden 14 8 11 10 9 13 9 9 9 10 10 12 13 17 16 17 25 31 28 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 24
Unemployment Rate 14 9 10 10 8 7 4 8 10 18 20 18 28 37 40 30 33 41 37 34 36
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 32 35 34 N/A
Voter Turnout 36 43 43 36 36 34 34 40 40 47 47 44 44 40 40 38 38 43 43 41 41
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 45 42 39 38 42

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay==

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Indiana state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Indiana had a long period of divided government between 1992 and 2004 until the arrival of a Republican trifecta in 2005. Indiana reverted back to divided government between 2007 and 2010 before reverting yet again to a Republican trifecta in 2011. The state has never had a Democratic trifecta. Indiana’s highest SQLI ranking came in 1995 (12th) under divided government, while the state’s lowest SQLI ranking came in 2009 (34th), also under divided government. The state’s greatest leap in the ranking occurred between 1994 and 1995, where Indiana rose seven spots. Its greatest decline in the ranking occurred between 2003 and 2004, where the state dropped seven spots.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 29.25
  • SQLI average with divided government: 20.82
Chart displaying the partisanship of Indiana government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.