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Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Maryland

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Maryland performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Maryland Governor

From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for 18 years while there were Republican governors in office for four years, including the last seven. Maryland is one of seven states that were run by a Democratic governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013. Maryland was under Democratic trifectas for the last seven years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Maryland Senate

During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maryland State Senate. The Maryland State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Maryland House of Representatives

During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maryland State House of Representatives. The Maryland State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Maryland, the Maryland State Senate and the Maryland House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Maryland state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were two partisan control changes in Maryland during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Maryland below the average.

Maryland legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Maryland government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Maryland gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Maryland’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 15.29, which puts it at 12 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that Maryland had the highest ranking was 2006, in which it ranked 8th.
  • The years that Maryland had the lowest ranking were 1992 and 1996, in which it ranked 25th.
  • The index type that Maryland had the highest ranking in was S&P Credit Rating, in which it ranked 1st.
  • The index type that Maryland had the lowest ranking in was Tax Freedom Day, in which it ranked 44th.
Maryland SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 9 11 26
America's Health Rankings 29 27 25 24 26 26 25 25 24 25 26 25 28 31 31 23 22 21 21 24 19
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22 19 21 15 17 18 22 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 25 21 36 32 31 33 37 40
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 27 36 27 27 29 31
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 11 12 14 12 14 50 16
Govt. Employment Share Population 39 39 40 40 39 37 40 40 40 39 39 36 35 37 38 38 38 38 38 39 38
Graduation Rate 30 29 25 22 27 23 22 22 30 27 21 18 13 11 15 17 20 16 16 15 16
Personal Income Per Capita 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 6 4 5 5 5
Poverty Rate 19 4 16 12 14 3 1 4 4 4 3 6 12 11 6 6 5 6 11 2 N/A
Real GDP per capita 16 16 16 17 20 19 19 19 18 16 16 15 15 15 16 15 14 12 14 15 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
State Govt. Spending/GDP 16 16 17 17 18 20 19 17 19 19 18 19 16 14 17 21 19 16 16 16 N/A
State & local tax burden 36 40 40 42 42 41 43 43 43 44 44 44 43 39 40 46 45 38 39 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 44
Unemployment Rate 21 18 21 23 21 26 23 18 20 17 12 9 11 14 16 10 12 15 15 15 17
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 41 41 43 N/A
Voter Turnout 31 31 31 32 32 19 19 29 29 13 13 25 25 19 19 12 12 14 14 9 9
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 13 15 13 13 11

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Maryland state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Maryland experienced two long periods of Democratic trifectas, between 1992 and 2002 and again between 2007 and 2013. The state cracked the top-10 in the SQLI ranking in three separate years (2002, 2006, and 2008), twice under a Democratic trifecta and once under divided government. Maryland ranked lowest on the SQLI ranking in two separate years (1992 and 1995), in which the state placed 25th under a Democratic trifecta. Maryland has never had a Republican trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 16.35
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with divided government: 10.75
Chart displaying the partisanship of Maryland government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.