Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Maryland
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Maryland performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for 18 years while there were Republican governors in office for four years, including the last seven. Maryland is one of seven states that were run by a Democratic governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013. Maryland was under Democratic trifectas for the last seven years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maryland State Senate. The Maryland State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Maryland House of Representatives
During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maryland State House of Representatives. The Maryland State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were two partisan control changes in Maryland during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Maryland below the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Maryland’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 15.29, which puts it at 12 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The year that Maryland had the highest ranking was 2006, in which it ranked 8th.
- The years that Maryland had the lowest ranking were 1992 and 1996, in which it ranked 25th.
- The index type that Maryland had the highest ranking in was S&P Credit Rating, in which it ranked 1st.
- The index type that Maryland had the lowest ranking in was Tax Freedom Day, in which it ranked 44th.
|Maryland SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||9||11||26|
|America's Health Rankings||29||27||25||24||26||26||25||25||24||25||26||25||28||31||31||23||22||21||21||24||19|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||25||21||36||32||31||33||37||40|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||27||36||27||27||29||31|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||11||12||14||12||14||50||16|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||39||39||40||40||39||37||40||40||40||39||39||36||35||37||38||38||38||38||38||39||38|
|Personal Income Per Capita||5||5||5||5||5||5||5||5||4||4||4||4||4||4||4||5||6||4||5||5||5|
|Real GDP per capita||16||16||16||17||20||19||19||19||18||16||16||15||15||15||16||15||14||12||14||15||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||16||16||17||17||18||20||19||17||19||19||18||19||16||14||17||21||19||16||16||16||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||36||40||40||42||42||41||43||43||43||44||44||44||43||39||40||46||45||38||39||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||44|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||41||41||43||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Maryland state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Maryland experienced two long periods of Democratic trifectas, between 1992 and 2002 and again between 2007 and 2013. The state cracked the top-10 in the SQLI ranking in three separate years (2002, 2006, and 2008), twice under a Democratic trifecta and once under divided government. Maryland ranked lowest on the SQLI ranking in two separate years (1992 and 1995), in which the state placed 25th under a Democratic trifecta. Maryland has never had a Republican trifecta.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 16.35
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with divided government: 10.75
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Maryland
- Maryland State Senate
- Maryland House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Maryland
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Comptroller | Treasurer | Superintendent of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary of Natural Resources | Secretary of Labor, Licensing and Regulation | Chairman of Public Service Commission |