Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Massachusetts
- 1 Background about the study
- 2 Part 1: Partisanship analysis
- 3 Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
- 4 Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 Footnotes
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Massachusetts performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for the last seven years while there were Republican governors in office for the first 15 years. During the last seven years of the study Massachusetts was under Democratic trifectas.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Massachusetts State Senate. The Massachusetts State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Massachusetts House of Representatives
During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. The Massachusetts State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There was one partisan control change in Massachusetts during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Massachusetts below the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Massachusetts’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 9.19, which puts it at 9 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The years that Massachusetts had the highest ranking were 1996 and 2000, in which it ranked 3rd.
- The year that Massachusetts had the lowest ranking was 2006, in which it ranked 24th.
- The index type that Massachusetts had the highest ranking in was Personal Income Per Capita, in which it ranked 3rd.
- The index type that Massachusetts had the lowest ranking in was Chief Exec Best and Worst, in which it ranked 48th.
|Massachusetts SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||19||30||19|
|America's Health Rankings||9||10||9||8||8||7||8||5||5||5||4||6||7||7||7||7||7||3||2||7||4|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||48||48||48||47||46||46||45||47|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||12||15||8||5||6||28|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||37||36||36||34||16||18||17|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||6||6||5||7||9||11||11||11||9||9||5||5||5||5||7||8||8||7||9||10||12|
|Personal Income Per Capita||4||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||3||2||2||3||3||2||2||2||2|
|Real GDP per capita||7||9||7||5||5||8||6||6||4||5||5||5||5||5||6||6||6||6||5||5||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||38||36||36||36||17||20||21||24||26||26||28||14|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||27||29||32||28||26||25||26||23||21||21||19||16||21||22||20||27||24||22||24||23||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||42||42||43||45||44||43||44||39||36||34||34||38||40||43||37||34||39||41||43||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||42|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||42||38||40||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Massachusetts state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Massachusetts had a period of divided government between 1992 and 2006 before electing a Democratic trifecta in 2007. Between the years 1992 and 2004, Massachusetts remained in the top-10 in the SQLI ranking, hitting its highest spot (3rd) in 2000 under divided government. The state had its lowest ranking (24th) in 2006, also under divided government. During the years 2005 and 2006, Massachusetts fell eleven spots in the SQLI ranking under divided government, which was its largest drop in the ranking during the period of the study. The state has never had a Republican trifecta.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 14.17
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with divided government: 7.20
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Massachusetts
- Massachusetts State Senate
- Massachusetts House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Massachusetts
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Commissioner of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs | Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development | Chair of Public Utilities |