Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Minnesota
- 1 Background about the study
- 2 Part 1: Partisanship analysis
- 3 Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
- 4 Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 Footnotes
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Minnesota performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for the last three years while there were Republican governors in office for 15 years. For the final year of the study Minnesota was under a Democratic trifecta.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Minnesota State Senate for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Minnesota State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Minnesota House of Representatives
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Minnesota State House of Representatives for 12 years while the Republicans were the majority for 10 years.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were five partisan control changes in Minnesota during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Minnesota slightly higher than the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Minnesota’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 3.14, which puts it at 2 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The years that Minnesota had the highest ranking were 2010 and 2011, in which it ranked 1st.
- The years that Minnesota had the lowest ranking were 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012, in which it ranked 5th.
- The index types that Minnesota had the highest ranking in were America’s Health Rankings and Voter Turnout, in which it ranked 1st.
- The index type that Minnesota had the lowest ranking in was Tax Freedom Day, in which it ranked 42nd.
|Minnesota SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||5||4||10|
|America's Health Rankings||1||2||4||4||4||3||3||2||1||1||2||1||1||1||1||2||3||6||6||6||5|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||12||38||17||22||32||31||29||36|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||8||10||6||8||7||11|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||14||10||11||17||15||15||20|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||32||35||37||39||39||36||34||34||34||32||31||31||31||33||33||31||31||31||30||28||30|
|Personal Income Per Capita||15||17||15||15||11||11||8||10||10||9||8||8||7||11||12||13||14||13||10||11||11|
|Real GDP per capita||13||14||13||12||12||14||13||15||13||11||9||9||8||12||12||14||12||13||12||12||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||14|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||21||24||27||27||28||26||23||26||28||26||26||27||25||26||26||26||30||27||25||25||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||40||41||41||43||43||44||41||44||39||39||39||35||35||38||42||41||42||44||44||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||42|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||9||8||8||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Minnesota state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Minnesota has been under divided government for the entirety of the study (1992-2012) until the state elected a Democratic trifecta in 2012. Minnesota also ranked in the top-5 of the SQLI ranking for the entirety of the study, reaching its lowest ranking (5th) in four separate years. The state hit the top spot twice, in 2011 and 2012, under divided government.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with divided government: 3.14
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Minnesota
- Minnesota State Senate
- Minnesota House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Minnesota
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