Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Minnesota

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Minnesota performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Minnesota Governor

From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for the last three years while there were Republican governors in office for 15 years. For the final year of the study Minnesota was under a Democratic trifecta.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Minnesota Senate

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Minnesota State Senate for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Minnesota State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Minnesota House of Representatives

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Minnesota State House of Representatives for 12 years while the Republicans were the majority for 10 years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Minnesota, the Minnesota State Senate and the Minnesota House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Minnesota state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were five partisan control changes in Minnesota during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Minnesota slightly higher than the average.

Minnesota legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Minnesota government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Minnesota gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Minnesota’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 3.14, which puts it at 2 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The years that Minnesota had the highest ranking were 2010 and 2011, in which it ranked 1st.
  • The years that Minnesota had the lowest ranking were 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012, in which it ranked 5th.
  • The index types that Minnesota had the highest ranking in were America’s Health Rankings and Voter Turnout, in which it ranked 1st.
  • The index type that Minnesota had the lowest ranking in was Tax Freedom Day, in which it ranked 42nd.
Minnesota SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 5 4 10
America's Health Rankings 1 2 4 4 4 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 3 6 6 6 5
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 15 13 12 12 13 14 17 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 12 38 17 22 32 31 29 36
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 8 10 6 8 7 11
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 14 10 11 17 15 15 20
Govt. Employment Share Population 32 35 37 39 39 36 34 34 34 32 31 31 31 33 33 31 31 31 30 28 30
Graduation Rate 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 11 4 2 5 5 4 5 6 7 6 4 3 3 3
Personal Income Per Capita 15 17 15 15 11 11 8 10 10 9 8 8 7 11 12 13 14 13 10 11 11
Poverty Rate 25 18 22 7 11 12 18 4 2 6 2 3 2 4 5 9 11 14 9 4 N/A
Real GDP per capita 13 14 13 12 12 14 13 15 13 11 9 9 8 12 12 14 12 13 12 12 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14
State Govt. Spending/GDP 21 24 27 27 28 26 23 26 28 26 26 27 25 26 26 26 30 27 25 25 N/A
State & local tax burden 40 41 41 43 43 44 41 44 39 39 39 35 35 38 42 41 42 44 44 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 42
Unemployment Rate 8 8 6 6 8 7 2 4 12 13 12 14 16 16 20 34 28 24 13 10 9
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 9 8 8 N/A
Voter Turnout 2 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 5 4 6 3 3

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Minnesota state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Minnesota has been under divided government for the entirety of the study (1992-2012) until the state elected a Democratic trifecta in 2012. Minnesota also ranked in the top-5 of the SQLI ranking for the entirety of the study, reaching its lowest ranking (5th) in four separate years. The state hit the top spot twice, in 2011 and 2012, under divided government.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with divided government: 3.14
Chart displaying the partisanship of Minnesota government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.