Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Mississippi
- 1 Background about the study
- 2 Part 1: Partisanship analysis
- 3 Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
- 4 Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 Footnotes
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Mississippi performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, Mississippi had Democratic governors in office for four years while there were Republican governors in office for 18 years, including the last 10. Mississippi is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Mississippi was under Republican trifectas for the last two years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Mississippi State Senate for 18 years while the Republicans were the majority for four years. The Mississippi State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the Mississippi Senate to the Republican party.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Mississippi House of Representatives
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Mississippi House of Representatives for the first 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last two years. The Mississippi House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013. The final three years of the study depicted a shift not only in the Mississippi House but in the entire state government to the Republican party with the last two years being Republican trifectas.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were six partisan control changes in Mississippi during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Mississippi higher than the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Mississippi’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 49.71, which puts it at 50 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- Mississippi was ranked either 50th or 49th throughout the entire study period.
- The index type that Mississippi had the highest ranking in was Tax Freedom Day, in which it ranked 2nd.
- The index types that Mississippi had the lowest ranking in were America’s Health Rankings, Personal Income Per Capita, Poverty Rate, and Real GDP Per Capita, in which it ranked 50th.
|Mississippi SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||44||38||40|
|America's Health Rankings||49||49||49||49||50||49||48||49||50||49||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||49||49|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||42||40||43||44||30||35||38||30|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||46||46||45||45||47||46|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||48||43||42||40||48||46||46|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||30||29||29||30||30||30||31||31||33||33||37||35||36||34||35||36||36||36||37||37||35|
|Personal Income Per Capita||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||49||50||49||50||50||50||50||50|
|Real GDP per capita||49||49||49||48||48||49||49||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||49||49||50||50||50||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||22||21||20||18||17||20||21||24||26||26||28||29|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||36||37||38||36||43||46||45||45||45||45||47||46||48||46||48||47||47||47||47||47||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||8||11||13||13||16||15||13||18||18||16||16||14||11||10||12||12||14||15||14||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||2|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||44||44||45||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Mississippi state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Mississippi has consistently ranked in the bottom-2 of the SQLI ranking regardless of a trifecta or a divided government. The state has been ranked in the last place for 15 separate years and ranked 49th six separate years. Mississippi had two trifectas, both Democratic and Republican, between 2000 and 2004 and in 2012, respectively.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 49.75
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 50
- SQLI average with divided government: 49.69
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Mississippi
- Mississippi State Senate
- Mississippi House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Mississippi
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce | Executive Director of Environmental Quality | Executive Director of Employment Security | Chairman of Public Service Commission |