Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Missouri
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Missouri performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, Missouri had Democratic governors in office for 17 years, including the last five, while there were Republican governors in office for five years.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Missouri State Senate for the first 9 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 13 years.
Across the country, there were 544 Democratic and 517 Republican State Senates from 1992 to 2013.
Missouri House of Representatives
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Missouri House of Representatives for the first 11 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 11 years.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were five partisan control changes in Missouri during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Missouri slightly higher than the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Missouri’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 18.81, which puts it at 17 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The year that Missouri had the highest ranking was 2000, in which it ranked 13th.
- The years that Missouri had the lowest ranking were 1993 and 2008, in which it ranked 23rd.
- The index type that Missouri had the highest ranking in was S&P Credit Rating, in which it ranked 1st.
- The index type that Missouri had the lowest ranking in was America’s Health Rankings, in which it ranked 37th.
|Missouri SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||24||20||25|
|America's Health Rankings||33||34||34||37||35||39||37||36||36||34||35||37||38||36||36||36||38||38||39||40||42|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||21||41||25||20||26||26||23||24|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||25||24||14||17||16||27|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||22||16||30||29||18||31||29|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||17||17||18||18||20||21||21||22||22||20||20||22||20||19||19||20||19||22||21||22||20|
|Personal Income Per Capita||26||26||25||27||27||27||28||31||31||30||29||29||30||31||29||31||30||31||30||30||31|
|Real GDP per capita||28||31||28||25||24||24||25||27||27||30||30||33||32||36||37||37||35||34||35||36||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||6||6||5||3||3||5||10||11||9||12||15||14||12||12||16||13||12||14||15||15||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||16||17||18||23||21||21||24||25||19||22||22||22||21||23||22||19||20||17||17||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||9|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||18||20||19||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
Missouri was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period.
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Missouri state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Missouri had Democratic trifectas from 1993-2000 and Republican trifectas from 2005-2008. Of the 22 years studied, Missouri never finished in the top-10 or bottom-10. It received its highest ranking of 13th overall in 2000, the most recent year of a Democratic trifecta. Its lowest ranking of 23rd overall occurred in 1993 and 2008, both years of which had government trifectas. In 1993 it was a Democratic trifecta, and in 2008 it was a Republican trifecta.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 18.75
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 20.00
- SQLI average with divided government: 18.33
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Missouri
- Missouri State Senate
- Missouri House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Missouri
Jefferson City (capital)
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Commissioner of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor & Industrial Relations | Chairman of Public Service Commission |