PGI logo cropped.png
Congressional Millionaire’s Club
The Personal Gain Index shines a light on how members of Congress benefit during their tenure.





Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Montana

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

WhoRunsTheStates Badge.png

Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Montana performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Montana Governor

From 1992-2013, Montana had Democratic governors in office for the last nine years while there were Republican governors in office for the first 13 years.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Montana Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Montana State Senate for seven years while the Republicans were the majority for 15 years, including the last five years.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Montana House of Representatives

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Montana House of Representatives for one year while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years, including the last five years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Montana, the Montana State Senate and the Montana House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Montana state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were four partisan control changes in Montana during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Montana equal to the average.

Montana legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Montana government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Montana gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Montana’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 35.33, which puts it at 39 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that Montana had the highest ranking was 2012, in which it ranked 23rd.
  • The years that Montana had the lowest ranking were 1999-2001, in which it ranked 41st.
  • The index type that Montana had the highest ranking in was the Well-being Index, in which it ranked 5th.
  • The index types that Montana had the lowest ranking in were Real GDP Per Capita and State Government Spending/GDP, in which it ranked 47th.
Montana SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30 27 18
America's Health Rankings 19 19 14 17 16 18 16 24 23 24 23 24 24 21 22 19 25 26 25 26 29
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 33 26 27 31 35 32 31 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 44 37 27 23 27 28 28 28
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 34 33 38 36 38 24
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 38 42 24 13 24 23 26
Govt. Employment Share Population 42 41 41 41 42 43 44 44 44 44 44 44 44 44 44 42 42 41 45 41 41
Graduation Rate 9 5 5 6 8 5 8 6 7 8 8 10 9 10 11 14 12 10 13 13 11
Personal Income Per Capita 44 39 45 47 47 46 46 46 46 44 46 39 40 40 41 40 38 39 38 38 36
Poverty Rate 28 32 21 37 43 38 44 47 43 37 36 43 37 36 37 35 28 28 27 40 N/A
Real GDP per capita 48 48 48 49 50 47 46 47 48 47 48 46 47 47 47 46 46 45 45 45 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 38 36 36 36 40 41 43 24 26 26 28 29
State Govt. Spending/GDP 47 47 48 48 48 48 48 48 46 46 46 45 45 43 44 43 44 44 45 45 N/A
State & local tax burden 19 14 15 17 11 17 17 12 13 11 11 10 12 8 15 9 12 16 13 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 26
Unemployment Rate 18 18 25 32 35 37 43 44 42 25 12 7 10 5 9 9 17 4 9 13 14
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 16 26 27 N/A
Voter Turnout 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 10 10 10 10 18 18 3 3 19 19 12 12 17 17
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3 2 14 10 6

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Montana state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Montana had Republican trifectas from 1995-2004. Montana's lowest SQLI ranking, finishing at 41st, occurred during those Republican trifectas, from 1999-2001. The state's two highest rankings came in the final five years while under divided government.

Chart displaying the partisanship of Montana government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.