Vote button trans.png
April's Project of the Month
It's spring time. It's primary election season!
Click here to find all the information you'll need to cast your ballot.




Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, New York

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

WhoRunsTheStates Badge.png

Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how New York performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

New York Governor

From 1992 to 2013, New York had Democratic governors in office for 10 years, including the last seven, while there were Republican governors in office for 12 years.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

New York Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New York State Senate for two years while the Republicans were the majority for 20 years. The New York State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

New York House of Representatives

During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New York State House of Representatives. The New York State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of New York, the New York State Senate and the New York House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of New York state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were four partisan control changes in New York during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting New York equal to the average.

New York legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
New York government pie chart 1992-2013.png
New York gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

New York’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 40.19, which puts it at 42 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that New York had the highest ranking was 2011, in which it ranked 32nd.
  • The years that New York had the lowest ranking were 2005 and 2006, in which it ranked 43rd.
  • The index types that New York had the highest ranking in were Personal income Per Capita and Unfunded Pension Liabilities Per Capita, in which it ranked 4th.
  • The index type that New York had the lowest ranking in was State/Local Tax Burden, in which it ranked 50th.
New York SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 26 34 39
America's Health Rankings 39 39 40 40 41 40 38 37 32 30 29 27 27 26 28 26 26 25 24 20 18
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 45 43 44 45 46 46 45 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 21 26 36 24 26 34
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 35 33 38 32 21 22 23
Govt. Employment Share Population 27 27 26 26 25 26 27 26 24 24 24 24 24 24 25 25 26 28 26 28 25
Graduation Rate 43 45 43 43 42 43 42 41 40 43 44 45 45 48 48 49 43 41 41 40 39
Personal Income Per Capita 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 5 4 4 4
Poverty Rate 34 37 43 41 41 43 46 42 42 40 38 40 42 39 39 42 37 38 33 37 N/A
Real GDP per capita 6 6 6 7 6 7 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 6 5 5 5 5 6 6 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22 21 20 18 17 20 21 24 26 26 28 29
State Govt. Spending/GDP 40 41 40 40 40 34 34 33 31 30 34 38 38 36 35 35 34 33 32 35 N/A
State & local tax burden 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 48
Unemployment Rate 44 47 46 43 44 47 44 43 38 34 41 40 40 27 28 29 27 29 27 27 38
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 5 6 N/A
Voter Turnout 32 25 25 28 28 30 30 30 30 42 42 37 37 42 42 39 39 48 48 43 43
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 36 33 32 34 30

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the New York state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New York experienced a Democratic trifecta from 2009-2010. During half the years of the study, New York was ranked in the bottom-10. Its lowest ranking, finishing 43rd, occurred from 2005-2006, during a divided government. Its best ranking also occurred during a divided government, finishing 32nd in 2011.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the New York government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.