Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, New York
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how New York performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
New York Governor
From 1992 to 2013, New York had Democratic governors in office for 10 years, including the last seven, while there were Republican governors in office for 12 years.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
New York Senate
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New York State Senate for two years while the Republicans were the majority for 20 years. The New York State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
New York House of Representatives
During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New York State House of Representatives. The New York State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were four partisan control changes in New York during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting New York equal to the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
New York’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 40.19, which puts it at 42 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The year that New York had the highest ranking was 2011, in which it ranked 32nd.
- The years that New York had the lowest ranking were 2005 and 2006, in which it ranked 43rd.
- The index types that New York had the highest ranking in were Personal income Per Capita and Unfunded Pension Liabilities Per Capita, in which it ranked 4th.
- The index type that New York had the lowest ranking in was State/Local Tax Burden, in which it ranked 50th.
|New York SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||26||34||39|
|America's Health Rankings||39||39||40||40||41||40||38||37||32||30||29||27||27||26||28||26||26||25||24||20||18|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||49||49||49||49||49||49||49||49|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||21||26||36||24||26||34|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||35||33||38||32||21||22||23|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||27||27||26||26||25||26||27||26||24||24||24||24||24||24||25||25||26||28||26||28||25|
|Personal Income Per Capita||3||4||4||4||4||4||4||4||5||5||5||5||5||5||5||4||4||5||4||4||4|
|Real GDP per capita||6||6||6||7||6||7||8||8||7||7||7||7||7||6||5||5||5||5||6||6||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||22||21||20||18||17||20||21||24||26||26||28||29|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||40||41||40||40||40||34||34||33||31||30||34||38||38||36||35||35||34||33||32||35||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||50||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||48|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||1||5||6||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI overlay
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the New York state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New York experienced a Democratic trifecta from 2009-2010. During half the years of the study, New York was ranked in the bottom-10. Its lowest ranking, finishing 43rd, occurred from 2005-2006, during a divided government. Its best ranking also occurred during a divided government, finishing 32nd in 2011.
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of New York
- New York State Senate
- New York House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of New York
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