Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, North Dakota

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how North Dakota performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

North Dakota Governor

From 1992 to 2013, in North Dakota there were Democratic governors in office for the first year while there were Republican governors in office for the last 21 years. North Dakota is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013. North Dakota has been under Republican trifectas for the last 19 years.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

North Dakota Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the North Dakota State Senate for the first three years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 19 years. The North Dakota State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

North Dakota House of Representatives

During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the North Dakota State House of Representatives. The North Dakota House of Representatives is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of North Dakota, the North Dakota State Senate and the North Dakota House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of North Dakota state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were two partisan control changes in North Dakota during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting North Dakota less than the average.

North Dakota legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
North Dakota government pie chart 1992-2013.png
North Dakota gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

North Dakota’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 20.14, which puts it at 21 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that North Dakota had the highest ranking was 2012, in which it ranked 3rd.
  • The years that North Dakota had the lowest ranking were 1998 and 1999, in which it ranked 30th.
  • The index type that North Dakota had the highest ranking in was Graduation Rate, in which it ranked 1st.
  • The index type that North Dakota had the lowest ranking in was Government Employment Share of the Population, in which it ranked 48th.
North Dakota SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 2 3 1
America's Health Rankings 4 3 2 5 5 6 7 7 10 9 7 9 8 8 8 8 11 17 16 11 12
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 45 43 41 40 35 38 31 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 41 28 21 19 17 24 21 15
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 13 16 16 12 13 5
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 13 9 13 7 11 4 3
Govt. Employment Share Population 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 49 48 48 48
Graduation Rate 1 1 3 7 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 2 1 2 2 3 5 9 7 7 3
Personal Income Per Capita 38 42 38 42 37 45 38 39 38 38 38 34 38 36 38 27 17 17 11 7 6
Poverty Rate 22 16 15 24 16 31 41 38 26 38 30 12 11 20 27 9 22 13 20 3 N/A
Real GDP per capita 38 43 40 43 38 42 39 41 38 38 35 31 33 31 32 28 20 16 8 7 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 38 36 36 36 17 20 21 24 12 12 13 14
State Govt. Spending/GDP 45 46 44 44 35 45 44 44 43 43 35 31 35 36 36 32 28 26 27 26 N/A
State & local tax burden 18 24 22 26 23 26 23 20 21 18 18 18 14 11 17 20 9 21 16 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 35
Unemployment Rate 6 5 3 2 2 2 7 13 10 1 2 2 2 2 8 8 3 1 1 1 1
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 24 15 15 N/A
Voter Turnout 9 10 10 20 20 16 16 12 12 9 9 17 17 22 22 29 29 15 15 21 21
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 20 8 3 2 18

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of North Dakota's state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. From 1995-2013 North Dakota had Republican trifectas. The state's lowest SQLI rating, finishing 30th, occurred from 1998-1999. In more recent years of the study, North Dakota's rankings improved, moving it into the top-10 from 2009-2012. Its best ranking, finishing 3rd, occurred in 2012.

Chart displaying the partisanship of North Dakota government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.