Barbara Boxer

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Barbara Boxer
Barbara Boxer.jpg
U.S. Senate, California
Incumbent
In office
1993-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 21
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorAlan Cranston (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 2, 2010
First electedNovember 3, 1992
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$45,989,839
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
United States House of Representatives
1983-1992
Education
Bachelor'sBrooklyn College, 1962
Personal
BirthdayNovember 11, 1940
Place of birthBrooklyn, NY
Net worth$3,331,503
ReligionJewish
Websites
Office website
Barbara Boxer (b. November 11, 1940, in Brooklyn, New York) is a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of California. Boxer was first elected to the Senate in 1992.

Boxer most recently won election in 2010. She defeated Carly Fiorina (R), Gail Lightfoot (L), Marsha Feinland (P&F), Duane Roberts (G), Edward Noonan (American Independent) and several write-in candidates in the general election.

Boxer began her political career by winning election to the U.S. House in 1982. She served in that position until her election to the Senate in 1992.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Boxer is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Boxer's academic, professional and political career:[1]

  • 1962: Graduated from Brooklyn College with B.A.
  • 1962-1965: Stockbroker
  • 1972-1974: Newspaper Editor
  • 1974-1976: Congressional Aide
  • 1976-1982: Board of Supervisors, Marin County
  • 1983-1993: U.S. Representative from California
  • 1993-Present: U.S. Senator from California

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Boxer serves on the following Senate committees:[2]

  • Environment and Public Works, Chair
  • Commerce, Science and Transportation
    • Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
    • Subcommittee on Science and Space
    • Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, and Insurance
    • Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet
    • Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
  • Foreign Relations
    • The Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps and Global Narcotics Affairs
    • The Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs
    • The Subcommittee on International Operations and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy and Global Women's Issues Chair
    • The Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs
  • Ethics, Chair

2011-2012

  • Commerce, Science and Transportation
    • Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
    • Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, and Insurance
    • Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard
    • Subcommittee on Science and Space
    • Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
  • Environment and Public Works, Chair
  • Foreign Relations
    • Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs
    • Subcommittee on International Operations and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy, and Global Women's Issues, Chair
    • Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs
    • Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps and Global Narcotics Affairs
  • Ethics, Chair

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[3] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8%). For more information pertaining to Boxer's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[4]

National security

Committee vote on Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Voted "Yes" On September 4, 2013, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee narrowly approved an authorization for President Obama to use limited force against Syria. It was approved by a 10-7 vote.[5][6]

The vote came after a three-hour briefing with top Obama administration officials, including Secretary of State John Kerry and James Clapper, the director of national intelligence.[5]

Of the nine Democratic members and eight Republican members that made up the committee, seven Democrats and three Republicans voted in favor, while five Republicans and two Democrats opposed the authorization.[7] A single "present" vote was cast by Ed Markey (D). Boxer was one of the seven Democrats who approved the authorization.[8]

John Brennan CIA nomination

Neutral/Abstain Boxer did not vote on the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[9]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "Yes" On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[10] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in if or when prices were to drop.[11] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[11] Boxer joined with 46 other Democratic senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[12][13] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[13] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[14] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Boxer voted with the Democratic party in favor of the bill.[12][13]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[15] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Boxer voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[16]

Boxer announced a proposal to stop pay for members of Congress during a shutdown.[17]

“It’s absolutely inappropriate. We should be treated the same as everyone,” Boxer said in a news conference on October 1, 2013.[17]

The bill, called the “Government Shutdown and Default Prevention Act,” would prevent members of Congress and the president from receiving pay if “(1) there is more than a 24-hour lapse in appropriations for any federal agency or department as a result of a failure to enact a regular appropriations bill or continuing resolution, or (2) the federal government is unable to make payments or meet obligations because the public debt limit has been reached.”[17]

Boxer also sent a message to U.S. House Speaker John Boehner saying, “Act like a speaker of the House not just like a speaker of the Republicans and pass my bill so your people don’t get paid.”[17]

“If he is going to force pain on everyone else, he ought to take the pain, he and his members really,” Boxer said.[17]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "Yes" Boxer voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[18]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Voted "No" Boxer voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[19]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Voted "Yes" Boxer voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[20]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Boxer voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[21]

Senator Boxer voted in favor of TARP.[22] According to a Gallup poll from September 13, 2010, 61% of Americans disapprove of TARP, while 37% approve.[23]

Boxer also supported the stimulus bill.[24] According to polling, 57% of U.S. voters believe that the stimulus has either hurt the economy (36%) or had no impact (21%). Additionally, 38% believe the stimulus helped the economy.[25]

In addition, Boxer voted for the health care reform bill.[26] Polling showed that 57% of likely voters at least somewhat favor repeal of the health care reform bill, including 46% who strongly favor repeal. Meanwhile, 35% of likely voters oppose repeal and 51% of likely voters believe the health care reform bill will be bad for the country, while 36% believe it will be beneficial.[27]

Finally, Boxer voted against an amendment that would have defunded the Obama Administration's lawsuit against Arizona over its new immigration law.[28] As of July 8, 2010, 56% of U.S. voters were opposed to the Obama Administration's challenge to the Arizona immigration law.[29]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Barbara Boxer's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Boxer is a Moderate Liberal. Boxer received a score of 64 percent on personal issues and 34 percent on economic issues.[30]

On The Issues organization logo.
On The Issues Vote Quiz
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Favors
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Opposes Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated in 2014.[30]

Minimum wage

Boxer has said she thinks the minimum wage should be raised to be about $10 an hour to help close the ever-growing gap between the working poor and the rich and to promote a healthy nation.[31]

“We need to raise the minimum wage. That will make a huge difference. … People are struggling,” she said while on “The Ed Show” on August 26, 2013. “The difference between the very wealthy and the working poor has grown. We raise that minimum wage and we move forward with the vision of this president that we have, which is everyone pays their fair share" of taxes.[31]

Boxer used her own state as a model, saying that the focus must be on fairness.[31]

“There’s one word we always have to focus on and that’s 'fairness'. Everyone has to do their part,” she said. “I’ve spoken to people in California who earn a lot who were very anxious to help the country and their state. We’ve proven the point, you know, a rising tide lifts all boats.”[31]

David Vitter

After beginning the 113th Congress working jointly in the Senate as an unlikely duo, in September 2013 David Vitter and Boxer ended their working relationship.[32]

Vitter accused Boxer of “bribery,” while she responded that Vitter is demeaning the Senate, all as part of a complex feud over Obamacare that has revived ghosts of Vitter’s prostitution scandal.[32] The ending of the bi-partisan relationship between the two could have profound consequences for public policy.[32]

Despite the duos disagreement on major issues, they were able to pass a water infrastructure bill through the Senate and were even seen chatting amiably.[32]

“A good bipartisan news story,” they echoed each other in a March 2013 conference call introducing their water bill. When it coasted through the Senate a couple of months later, Boxer said that “when it comes to the infrastructure of our country, we come together.”[32]

Since then, the relationship between Boxer and Vitter has continued to deteriorate. Vitter, who has used his committee position to separate himself from “official Washington,” helped organize a spring boycott on new Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Gina McCarthy, upsetting Boxer, who argued he and other Republicans “take the side of the polluters.”[32]

Vitter's September 2013 amendment added an energy bill that would end Obamacare subsidies for lawmakers and Capitol Hill aides sparked an ugly bout of name calling and finger-pointing. In response, Democratic lawmakers drafted an amendment that would dig up Vitter’s past by denying senators Obamacare subsidies given “probable cause” they solicited prostitutes, an explicit reference to Vitter’s ties to the “D.C. Madam” that surfaced in 2007.[32]

Vitter then insisted for an ethics investigation into Harry Reid and Boxer, who is the chairwoman of the Select Committee on Ethics. “Senator Reid and Boxer have apparently led an effort to employ political scare tactics, personal attacks and threats that would affect each Senator’s personal finances (i.e. bribery),” Vitter wrote in his letter requesting an investigation.[32]

Elections

2010

On November 2, 2010, Barbara Boxer won re-election to the United States Senate. She defeated Carly Fiorina (R), Gail Lightfoot (L), Marsha Feinland (P&F), Duane Roberts (G), Edward Noonan (American Independent) and several write-in candidates in the general election.[33]

U.S. Senate, California General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBarbara Boxer incumbent 52.2% 5,218,441
     Republican Carly Fiorina 42.2% 4,217,366
     Libertarian Gail Lightfoot 1.8% 175,242
     Peace and Freedom Marsha Feinland 1.4% 135,093
     Green Duane Roberts 1.3% 128,510
     American Independent Edward Noonan 1.3% 125,441
     Write-in James Harris 0% 41
     Write-in Connor Vlakancic 0% 11
     Write-in Jerry Leon Carroll 0% 10
     Write-in Hans Kugler 0% 5
Total Votes 10,000,160

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Boxer is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Boxer raised a total of $45,989,839 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[42]

Barbara Boxer's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2010 US Senate (California) Won $29,331,343
2004 US Senate (California) Won $16,658,496
Grand Total Raised $45,989,839

2010

Breakdown of the source of Boxer's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Boxer won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Boxer's campaign committee raised a total of $29,331,343 and spent $29,537,796.[43]

Her top 5 contributors between 2005-2010 were:

U.S. Senate election, California, 2010 - Barbara Boxer Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $29,331,343
Total Spent $29,537,796
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $21,521,397
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $21,484,825
Top contributors to Barbara Boxer's campaign committee
EMILY's List$368,127
University of California$102,540
Girardi & Keese$92,000
News Corp$79,300
Time Warner$75,150
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$2,090,295
Retired$1,433,826
Women's Issues$1,302,265
TV/Movies/Music$985,668
Misc Business$610,142

Endorsements

2012

Boxer endorsed Representative Howard Berman over primary opponent and fellow incumbent Brad Sherman in the District 30 congressional election. She stated, "Because of Brad’s campaign mailing, which outrageously tries to connect you to the San Bruno tragedy, I will no longer stay neutral in this race." This is referring to a 2010 explosion in San Bruno, which resulted in eight deaths, caused by PG&E's failure to maintain their gas line.[44]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Boxer's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,182,007 and $5,481,000. That averages to $3,331,503, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333.90. Boxer ranked as the 41st most wealthy senator in 2012.[45] Between 2004 and 2012, Boxer's calculated net worth[46] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[47]

Barbara Boxer Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$4,057,706
2012$3,331,503
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-18%
Average annual growth:-2%[48]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[49]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Boxer is a "far-left Democrat" as of June 2013.[50]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[51]

Boxer most often votes with:

Boxer least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Boxer missed 235 of 6,811 roll call votes from February 1993 to March 2013. This amounts to 3.5%, which is worse than the median of 1.7% among current senators as of March 2013.[52]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Boxer paid her congressional staff a total of $4,412,720 in 2011. She ranked first on the list of the highest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked first overall of the highest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked first in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[53]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Boxer ranked 10th in the liberal rankings among U.S. senators in 2012.[54]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Boxer ranked 5th in the liberal rankings among U.S. senators.[55]

Voting with party

2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Boxer has voted with the Democratic Party 95.5% of the time, which ranked 19th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.[56]

Personal

Boxer and her husband, Stewart, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Barbara + Boxer + California + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Barbara Boxer News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Barbara Boxer


References

  1. Biographical Director of the United States Congress, "Barbara Boxer," accessed October 20, 2011
  2. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  3. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 Politico, "Senate panel approves Syria measure," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. USA Today, "Senate committee approves Syria attack resolution," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named syriacommitteevote
  8. Politico, "How Senate Foreign Relations Committee members voted on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  10. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 )," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  16. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 WPRO, "Boxer: 'Absolutely Inappropriate' for Congress to Be Paid in Shutdown," accessed October 2, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  21. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  22. Senate.gov, "Roll Call," September 13, 2010
  23. Gallup, "Among Recent Bills, Financial Reform a Lone Plus for Congress," September 13, 2010
  24. Senate.gov, "Roll Call," September 13, 2010
  25. Rasmussen, "38% Say Stimulus Plan Helped Economy, 36% Say It Hurt," August 24, 2010
  26. Senate.gov, "Roll Call," September 13, 2010
  27. Rasmussen, "61% Favor Repeal of Healthcare Law," September 20, 2010
  28. Senate.gov, "Roll Call," September 13, 2010
  29. http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/current_events/immigration/56_oppose_justice_department_challenge_of_arizona_law_61_favor_similar_law_in_their_state Rasmussen Reports, "56% Oppose Justice Department Challenge of Arizona Law, 61% Favor Similar Law in their State," July 8, 2010]
  30. 30.0 30.1 On The Issues, "Barbara Boxer Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 Politico, "Barbara Boxer pushes $10 minimum wage," accessed August 28, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 32.6 32.7 Politico, "Barbara Boxer-David Vitter feud draws blood," accessed September 17, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1982," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Barbara Boxer," accessed March 25, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "Barbara Boxer 2010 Election Cycle," accessed October 22 2011
  44. TheHill.com, "Sen. Boxer picks Berman over Sherman," February 21, 2012
  45. OpenSecrets, "Barbara Boxer (D-Calif), 2012," accessed March 4, 2013
  46. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  47. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  49. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  50. Gov Track, "Barbara Boxer," accessed June 7, 2013
  51. OpenCongress, "Barbara Boxer," accessed July 30, 2013
  52. GovTrack, "Barbara Boxer," accessed April 2, 2013
  53. LegiStorm, "Barbara Boxer," accessed August 6, 2012
  54. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  55. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
  56. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Alan Cranston
U.S. Senate - California
1993-Present
Succeeded by
-