Bill Shuster

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Bill Shuster
Bill Shuster.JPG
U.S. House, Pennsylvania, District 9
Incumbent
In office
2001-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 13
PartyRepublican
PredecessorE. G. Bud Shuster (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedMay 15, 2001
Campaign $$6,015,903
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sDickinson College
Master'sAmerican University
Personal
BirthdayJanuary 10, 1961
Place of birthMcKeesport, Pennsylvania
ProfessionBusiness owner
Net worth$1,136,513.50
ReligionLutheran
Websites
Office website
William "Bill" Shuster (b. January 10, 1961, in McKeesport, Pennsylvania) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Pennsylvania. Shuster represents Pennsylvania's 9th Congressional District. He was first elected in 2001 and most recently won re-election in 2012.[1]

Shuster won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary on May 20, 2014.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Shuster is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Shuster was born in McKeesport, Pennsylvania. He earned his B.A. from Dickinson College in 1983 and his MBA from American University.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Shuster's political career:

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Shuster serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Shuster served on the following committees:[5]

  • Armed Services
    • Subcommittee on Tactical Air and Land Forces
    • Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities
  • Transportation and Infrastructure
    • Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment
    • Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials
    • Subcommittee on Highways and Transit

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Shuster's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Shuster voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[8]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Shuster voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[8]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Shuster voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[9] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[8]

NDAA

Yea3.png Shuster voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[10] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[11][12] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[12] Shuster voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[13][14] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[14] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[15] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Shuster voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[13]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Shuster voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[18]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Shuster voted for HR 2775.[20]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Shuster voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[8]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Shuster voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[8]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Yea3.png Shuster voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[8]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Nay3.png Shuster voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[8]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[21] Shuster joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[22][23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Yea3.png Shuster voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Shuster's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Shuster is a Hard-Core Conservative. Shuster received a score of 22 percent on social issues and 94 percent on economic issues.[25]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[26]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[25]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Bill Shuster endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [27]

Elections

2014

See also: Pennsylvania's 9th Congressional District elections, 2014

Shuster won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary on May 20, 2014. He defeated Art Halvorson and Travis Schooley.[2]

Election results

Republican primary
U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 9 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngBill Shuster Incumbent 52.8% 24,106
Art Halvorson 34.5% 15,761
Travis Schooley 12.7% 5,802
Total Votes 45,669
Source: Results via Associated Press
General election
U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 9 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngBill Shuster Incumbent 63.5% 110,094
     Democratic Alanna Hartzok 36.5% 63,223
Total Votes 173,317
Source: Pennsylvania Department of State

2012

See also: Pennsylvania's 9th Congressional District elections, 2012

Shuster ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Pennsylvania's 9th District. He was unopposed in the April 24 Republican primary, and he had no Democratic opponent in the November 6 general election.[28]

2010

On November 2, 2010, Shuster won re-election to the United States House of Representatives. He defeated Tom Conners (D) in the general election.[29]

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Shuster attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Bill Shuster's reports.[36]

Bill Shuster (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[37]April 15, 2013$284,858.84$496,211.55$(168,733.27)$612,337.12
July Quarterly[38]July 15, 2013$612,337.12$651,974.36$(343,031.29)$921,280.19
October Quarterly[39]October 13, 2013$921,280.19$382,496.39$(141,712.11)$1,162,064.47
Year-End[40]January 31, 2014$1,162,064$550,730$(353,597)$1,359,197
April Quarterly[41]April 15, 2014$1,359,197.39$737,379.09$(844,093.76)$1,252,482.72
Running totals
$2,818,791.39$(1,851,167.43)

Comprehensive donor information for Shuster is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Shuster raised a total of $6,015,903 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 17, 2013.[42]

Bill Shuster's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Pennsylvania, District 9) Won $1,674,736
2010 US House (Pennsylvania, District 9) Won $852,099
2008 US House (Pennsylvania, District 9) Won $988,776
2006 US House (Pennsylvania, District 9) Won $110,998
2004 US House (Pennsylvania, District 9) Won $1,267,369
2002 US House (Pennsylvania, District 9) Won $1,121,925
Grand Total Raised $6,015,903

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2012


Shuster won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, his campaign committee raised a total of $1,674,736 and spent $1,483,252.[43] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[44]

2010

Breakdown of the source of Shuster's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Shuster won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Shuster's campaign committee raised a total of $852,099 and spent $805,206.[45]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Shuster's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $613,028 to $1,659,999. That averages to $1,136,513.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Shuster ranked as the 193rd most wealthy representative in 2012.[46] Between 2004 and 2012, Shuster's calculated net worth[47] decreased by an average of 9 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[48]

Bill Shuster Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$4,098,056
2012$1,136,513
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-72%
Average annual growth:-9%[49]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[50]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Shuster is the chair of the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Shuster received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Building Materials & Equipment industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in Pennsylvania's 9th Congressional District was Educational services, and health care and social assistance, according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.[51]

From 2001-2014, 21.62 percent of Shuster's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[52]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Bill Shuster Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $10,424,752
Total Spent $10,018,882
Chair of the the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Building Materials & Equipment$520,800
Construction Services$455,900
Air Transport$432,500
General Contractors$423,661
Lawyers/Law Firms$420,683
% total in top industry5%
% total in top two industries9.37%
% total in top five industries21.62%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Shuster is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014.[53] This was the same rating Shuster received in June 2013.[54]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[55]

Shuster most often votes with:

Shuster least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Shuster missed 239 of 9,522 roll call votes from May 2001 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.5 percent, which is the same as the median of 2.5 percent among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of July 2014.[56]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Shuster paid his congressional staff a total of $925,293 in 2011. Overall, Pennsylvania ranked 34th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[57]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Shuster ranked 126th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[58]

2012

Shuster ranked 155th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[59]

2011

Shuster ranked 135th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[60]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Bill Shuster voted with the Republican Party 94.9 percent of the time, which ranked 90th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[61]

2013

Bill Shuster voted with the Republican Party 97.3 percent of the time, which ranked 55th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[62]

2011

Bill Shuster voted with the Republican Party 94.1 percent of the time, which ranked 64th among the 242 House Republican members as of December 2011.[63]

Personal

Shuster is married to Rebecca, and they have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Bill + Shuster + Pennsylvania + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Bill Shuster News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. Politico, "2012 House Race Results," accessed November 6, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press, "Pennsylvania - Summary Vote Results," May 20, 2014
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "SHUSTER, William (Bill), (1960 - )"
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. Congressman Bill Shuster, Proudly Serving the 9th District of Pennsylvania, "Committee Assignments"
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Project Vote Smart, "Bill Shuster Key Votes," accessed October 15, 2013
  9. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  10. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 On The Issues, "Shuster Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  26. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  27. Mitt Romney for President, "Mitt Romney Announces Additional Pennsylvania Endorsements," March 13, 2012
  28. Pennsylvania Department of State, "2012 General Primary Unofficial Returns," April 24, 2012
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Bill Shuster 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Shuster Year-End," accessed February 5, 2014
  41. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  42. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Bill Shuster," accessed April 17, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "Bill Shuster's 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  44. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Bill Shuster 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  46. OpenSecrets, "Shuster, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  47. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  48. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  49. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  50. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  51. Census.gov, "My Congressional District," accessed October 1, 2014
  52. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Bill Shuster," accessed October 1, 2014
  53. GovTrack, "William “Bill” Shuster," accessed July 23, 2014
  54. GovTrack, "William “Bill” Shuster," accessed June 19, 2013
  55. OpenCongress, "Rep. Bill Shuster," accessed July 23, 2014
  56. GovTrack, "Bill Shuster," accessed July 23, 2014
  57. LegiStorm, "Bill Shuster," accessed September 18, 2012
  58. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," July 23, 2014
  59. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  60. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  61. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  63. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Bud Shuster
U.S. House of Representatives - Pennsylvania, District 9
2001–Present
Succeeded by
'