Birmingham City School District elections (2013)

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
School Board badge.png
2013 Birmingham City School District Elections

General Election date:
August 27, 2013
Table of Contents
About the district
Method of election
Elections
What was at stake?
Key deadlines
Additional elections
External links
References
See also
Alabama
Birmingham City Schools
Jefferson County, Alabama ballot measures
Local ballot measures, Alabama
Flag of Alabama.png

All nine seats on the Board of Education for Birmingham City Schools were up for city-wide election on August 27, 2013. The seats up for election covered Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9.

A significant issue that faced Birmingham City Schools in this election was the Alabama State Board of Education takeover of the district due to the district's failure to comply with the state's financial recovery plan.[1][2]

About the district

The Birmingham City School District was created in 1910 when the Alabama State Legislature passed a bill creating Greater Birmingham. Through this bill, 40 schools were annexed by the Birmingham Free School, most of them substandard and in disrepair. Birmingham City Schools is now comprised of 51 schools including 25 elementary schools, 11 middle schools, seven K-8 schools, seven high schools, and one alternative school.[3] The Birmingham City School District is the 6th largest school district in Alabama. It serves 25,914 students as of July, 2013.

Location

Birmingham City Schools is located in Jefferson County, Alabama
Birmingham City School District is located in Jefferson County, Alabama. Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama, located northeast of the capital, Montgomery. According to the 2010 US Census, Birmingham is home to 212,237 residents.[4]

Demographics

Jefferson County outperforms the rest of Alabama in terms of median household income, poverty rates and higher education achievement in 2011. The median household income for Jefferson County is $45,750 when compared to $42,934 for the state of Alabama. The percentage of people below poverty level for Jefferson County is 16.2% while it is 17.6% for the state of Alabama. The 2010 U.S. Census also found that 29.0% of Jefferson County residents aged 25 or older attained a bachelor's degree compared to 22.0% in Iowa[5]

Racial Demographics, 2012[5]
Race Jefferson County (%) Alabama (%)
White 54.3 70.0
Black or African American 42.6 26.5
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4 0.7
Asian 1.5 1.2
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.1 0.1
Two or More Races 1.1 1.5
Hispanic or Latino 3.9 4.1

Presidential Voting Pattern[6]
Year Democratic Vote Democratic Vote (%) Republican Vote Republican Vote (%)
2012 159,876 52.50 141,683 46.53
2008 166,121 52.15 149,921 47.07
2004 132,286 45.15 158,680 54.16
2000 129,889 47.45 138,491 50.59

Note: The United States Census Bureau considers "Hispanic or Latino" to be a place of origin, not a race. Therefore, the Census allows citizens to report both their race and that they are from a "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin simultaneously. As a result, the percentages in each column of the racial demographics table will exceed 100 percent. Each column will add up to 100 percent after removing the "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin percentages.[7]

Method of board member selection

The Birmingham City Board of Education consists of nine members, all of whom are elected to four-year terms. Each of those nine members are elected from and represent a different geographical area in the school district. Board member terms are not staggered, so all nine seats are up for election in 2013. There will not be a primary election and the general election was held on August 27, 2013. A runoff election for Districts 1, 4 and 6 was held on October 8, 2013.[8] The filing deadline for the 2013 general election was July 12, 2013.

Elections

2013

Candidates

[edit]

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
Tyrone H. Belcher, Sr. Retired Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Supervisor, U.S. Postal Service Lawson State Community College, University of Alabama: Birmingham, Daniel Payne College
Green Calhoun, Jr. Withdrew from race on August 5, 2013
Sherman Collins, Jr. Owner, Scollin and Associates Insurance Agency LLC., Owner, NewComers Reality LLC Samford University
Douglas Ragland Retired Superintendent, Midfield City School District University of Alabama at Birmingham
Jerry Tate Manager, Energen Alabama State University

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
Virginia S. Volker Biologist, University of Alabama at Birmingham University of Alabama
Lyord Watson, Jr. Minister, Greater St. John Missionary Baptist Church Samford University

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
Brian Giattina Co-founder, Corporate Realty Companies, CFO Giattini Aycock Architecture Studio University of Alabama

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
Daagye Hendricks Parking and Ground Transportation Manager at Birmingham Shuttlesworth International Airport Clark Atlanta University
Rodney Huntley Retired Warden, Alabama State Prison System Faulkner University
Gwen Sykes Retired Administrator, Birmingham City Schools Birmingham-Southern College, University of Alabama at Birmingham

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
Randall L. Woodfin Political strategist, consultant Morehouse College, Samford University
Martha Casey McDowell

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
Lavon Beard Physical Therapist, University of Alabama at Birmingham University of South Alabama
Gwendolyn Thomas Bell
Cheri A. Gardner Director, Smith and Gaston Funeral Home
Ervin Philemon Hill Sr. Retired Teacher, Birmingham City Schools University of Alabama at Birmingham
Joy A. Smith Attorney, Law Office of Max C. Pope, Jr. Auburn University, University of Alambama School of Law

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
Wardine T. Alexander Training Supervisor, BioLife Plasma Services University of Alabama at Birmingham
Lawrence Jackson
Darius Moore

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
April Myers Williams Manager, U.S. Postal Service Jefferson State Community College, Lawson State Community College
Antwon B. Womack
Patricia Bozeman-Henderson Court Referral Officer, Birmingham Municipal Drug Court Miles College

The candidates on the August 27, 2013 ballot were:

Name Current job Education
Emanuel B. Ford Hospitality Manager, Hilton Birmingham Perimeter Park Jefferson State Community College
Sandra K. Brown

Election results

Birmingham City Schools, District 1 General Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngSherman Collins, Jr. 30.3% 970
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngDouglas Ragland 27% 862
     Nonpartisan Tyrone H. Belcher, Sr. Incumbent 24.4% 780
     Nonpartisan Jerry Tate 18.3% 585
Total Votes 3,197
Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 2 General Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngLyord Watson, Jr. 62% 1,510
     Nonpartisan Virginia S. Volker Incumbent 38% 927
Total Votes 2,437
Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 4 General Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngGwen Sykes 41.3% 1,235
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngDaagye Hendricks 39.6% 1,185
     Nonpartisan Rodney Huntley 19.1% 570
Total Votes 2,990
Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 5 General Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngRandall L. Woodfin 70.4% 1,821
     Nonpartisan Martha Casey McDowell 29.6% 766
Total Votes 2,587
Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 6 General Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngCheri A. Gardner 35.2% 1,231
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngGwendolyn Thomas Bell 25.7% 898
     Nonpartisan Lavon Beard 17.1% 598
     Nonpartisan Ervin Philemon Hill Sr. 12.9% 450
     Nonpartisan Joy A. Smith 9.2% 320
Total Votes 3,497
Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 7 General Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngWardine T. Alexander Incumbent 51.2% 1,911
     Nonpartisan Lawrence Jackson 39.6% 1,480
     Nonpartisan Darius Moore 9.2% 343
Total Votes 3,734
Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 8 General Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngApril Myers Williams Incumbent 58.1% 1,785
     Nonpartisan Patricia Bozeman-Henderson 34.9% 1,071
     Nonpartisan Antwon B. Womack 7% 216
Total Votes 3,072
Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 9 General Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngSandra K. Brown Incumbent 70.4% 2,717
     Nonpartisan Emanuel B. Ford 29.6% 1,142
Total Votes 3,859
Source: Birmingham Office of the City Clerk, "City Election - August 27, 2013," accessed August 28, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 1 Runoff Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngSherman Collins, Jr. 62.8% 544
     Nonpartisan Douglas Ragland 37.2% 322
Total Votes 866
Source: MyFoxAL.com, "Birmingham Election Run Off Results," accessed October 9, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 4 Runoff Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngDaagye Hendricks 73.8% 730
     Nonpartisan Gwendolyn Sykes 26.2% 259
Total Votes 989
Source: MyFoxAL.com, "Birmingham Election Run Off Results," accessed October 9, 2013


Birmingham City Schools, District 6 Runoff Election, 4-year term, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Nonpartisan Green check mark transparent.pngCheri Gardner 65.1% 600
     Nonpartisan Gwendolyn Bell 34.9% 322
Total Votes 922
Source: MyFoxAL.com, "Birmingham Election Run Off Results," accessed October 9, 2013

Endorsements

On August 16, 2013, the Birmingham Association of Realtors endorsed seven candidates for the Birmingham Board of Education as well as incumbent mayor William Bell and eight candidates for city council. The following candidates were endorsed by the Association of Realtors:[9]

Campaign finance

No campaign donations or expenditures were reported to the Alabama Secretary of State.[10]

Past elections

What was at stake?

Nine seats, including every board officer position, were at stake. Three members of the controversial "Gang of Five" coalition of board members were on the ballot. These members were Emanuel B. Ford, Virginia S. Volker and Tyrone H. Belcher, Sr., all of whom lost their re-election bids.[11] Incumbents Carol E. Clarke, W. J. Maye Jr. and Phyllis F. Wyne did not seek re-election.[12]

Gang of Five

Three members of the controversial "Gang of Five" coalition of board members that attempted to oust Superintendent Witherspoon were on the ballot. These members, Emanuel B. Ford, Virginia S. Volker and Tyrone H. Belcher, Sr., were all running opposed races.[13] Ford and Volker are also plaintiffs in a lawsuit that seeks an injunction against the Alabama State Board of Education, Ed Richardson, and State Superintendent Tommy Bice. The suit alleges that the majority white State Board of Education overruled decisions made by the majority black Birmingham City Schools Board of Education.[14] According to the Voting Rights Act, changes to Alabama elections must be pre-approved by a federal judge. A decision in this lawsuit is still pending.[15]

Issues

Student enrollment has dropped from 35,000 in 2000 to less than 26,000 in 2013.

On June 26, 2012, the Alabama Department of Education assumed control of Birmingham City Schools after the school board failed to pass a measure that would have cut hundreds of jobs over two years to bring the district into compliance with state law.[16] The discovery that schools in the district were operating without the mandated month of emergency reserve funds, which amounted to approximately $20 million, was another contributor to the state takeover.[2] The Alabama State Board of Education appointed former State Superintendent Ed Richardson to oversee the district. Working with the state board, Richardson has overridden several Birmingham Board of Education votes, including votes regarding the method of building consolidation and layoffs of over 100 employees. Since the takeover, the school board has consolidated seven schools and six office buildings in an effort to save the district approximately $8 million.[2]

Key deadlines

The following dates were key deadlines for the Birmingham City School District election in 2013:[17]

Deadline Event
July 12, 2013 Last day to qualify to run for office
August 16, 2013 Last day to register to vote in the initial election
August 22, 2013 Last day to cast a regular absentee ballot
August 27, 2013 Mayoral, council, and school board 2013 election date
September 3, 2013 Canvassing of the initial election results
September 27, 2013 Last day to register to vote in the runoff election
October 3, 2013 Last day to cast a regular absentee ballot
October 8, 2013 Runoff election
October 15, 2013 Canvassing of runoff election results
October 22, 2013 Day council and school board members assume office

Additional elections on the ballot

Nine city council positions as well as the mayoral election were also on the August 27, 2013 ballot. No additional measures appeared on the ballot.

See also

External links

References

  1. Kim Chandler, AL.com, "Alabama Board of Education votes to intervene in Birmingham city schools," June 14, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Evan Belanger, AL.com, "Birmingham schools intervention could stretch into fall 2014, education official says," June 27, 2013
  3. Birmingham City Schools, "History of the Birmingham City Schools" accessed July 16, 2013
  4. United States Census Bureau, "Guide to 2010 Census State and Local Geography - Alabama," accessed August 13, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 United States Census Bureau, "Jefferson County Quick Facts," accessed August 13, 2013
  6. Alabama Secretary of State, "Elections Information," accessed August 14, 2013
  7. United States Census Bureau, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed April 21, 2014
  8. Mary Beth Harrison, WVTM-TV: "Tuscaloosa, Birmingham voters return to polls today for runoff elections," October 8, 2013
  9. Jon Reed, AL.com, "Birmingham Association of Realtors announces endorsements in mayor, council, school board races," August 16, 2013
  10. Alabama Secretary of State, "Search FCPA Reports," accessed August 28, 2013
  11. Marie Leech, AL.com, "Three incumbent Birmingham school board members voted out (update)," August 27, 2013
  12. Marissa Mitchell, ABC 3340, "Qualifying candidates for Birmingham mayoral, city council, school board races," July 12, 2013
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named candidates
  14. Kent Faulk, AL.com, "Birmingham group: state should be ordered to get federal approval to override city school board votes," June 22, 2013
  15. Fox 6 WBRC "School lobby, Birmingham BOE members file lawsuit against state board" February 14, 2013
  16. Sherea Harris and Brianne Britzius, Fox 6 WBRC, "State will take over Birmingham schools starting Wednesday," July 3, 2012
  17. Information Birmingham, "2013 Elections Calender," accessed August 28, 2013