Brad Sherman

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Brad Sherman
Brad Sherman.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 30
Incumbent
In office
1997-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 17
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorAdam Schiff (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$41.30 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 1996
Campaign $$10,691,977
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of California, Los Angeles
J.D.Harvard University
Personal
BirthdayOctober 24, 1954
Place of birthLos Angeles, California
ProfessionAccountant, Attorney
Net worth$1,731,007
ReligionJewish
Websites
Office website
Bradley James "Brad" Sherman (b. October 24, 1954, in Los Angeles, CA) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 30th Congressional District. Sherman was first elected to the House in 1996.

The 2012 primary battle between Howard Berman and Sherman made Politico's list of the five ugliest member vs. member battles.[1]

Sherman won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He and Mark Reed (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014. Sherman went on to defeat Reed in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Sherman is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Sherman's academic, professional and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Sherman serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Sherman served on the following committees:[5]

  • Financial Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises
    • Subcommittee on Courts and Competition Policy
    • Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity
  • Foreign Affairs Committee
    • Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific
    • Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade
    • Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Sherman's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Sherman voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Sherman voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Sherman voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Sherman voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Sherman joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[14][15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Sherman voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Sherman voted for HR 2775.[21]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Nay3.png Sherman voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[22]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Sherman voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[23] The vote largely followed party lines.[24]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Sherman voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[25]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Sherman voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[26]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Sherman voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Brad Sherman's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Sherman is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Sherman received a score of 62 percent on social issues and 6 percent on economic issues.[28]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[29]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[28]

Meeting with Prime Minister Modi

Sherman led an effort to invite India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi to address a joint congressional session. Modi was set to meet with President Barack Obama, but some members of Congress pushed for a congressional meeting with Modi as well. Sherman stated, "I am pleased that many more Members have joined the effort to invite Prime Minister Modi to a Joint Session of Congress. The United States and India have a special relationship based on shared democratic values. This is an excellent opportunity to build on this partnership."[30]

Modi did not end up addressing Congress during his visit to the United States.[31][32]

Campaign themes

2012

Sherman's campaign website listed the following issues:[33]'

  • Fixing the Economy
Excerpt: "When the recession hit, Brad Sherman made job creation his top priority. He voted for legislation that saved or created more than 3 million jobs. As a result, construction was accelerated on transportation projects in the San Fernando Valley, like the 405-Sepulveda Pass freeway widening project."
  • Standing Up to Wall Street
Excerpt: "As a CPA and tax policy expert, Brad Sherman led the effort to oppose the Bush Administration’s TARP bailouts of Wall Street. He successfully fought to prevent future bailouts. He helped author the legislation to protect consumers from credit and mortgage fraud, increase capital requirements for banks, and end conflicts of interest for bond rating agencies. "
  • Protecting Social Security and Medicare
Excerpt: "Top Republican leaders are proposing privatizing Social Security and Medicare, cutting benefits, and raising the retirement age to 70. Brad Sherman strongly opposes all efforts to replace Social Security with private accounts that will place retirees at the mercy of the Wall Street."
  • Protecting the Environment
Excerpt: "Brad Sherman has been a strong environmental leader, providing critical support for the protection and expansion of park lands in the Santa Monica Mountains. He has worked to improve the Sepulveda Basin recreation area, and to build more local playgrounds, sports fields and bike lanes."
  • The U.S.-Israel Relationship
Excerpt: "For almost 15 years, I have served on the House Foreign Affairs Committee. I have been the lead Democratic member on the subcommittee dealing with Terrorism and Nonproliferation since 2003. Throughout my term in Congress, I have worked to support U.S. friendship and increased cooperation with Israel, our only close ally in the Middle East."
  • Strengthening U.S.-Armenia Ties
Excerpt: "As a senior member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, I have focused on recognizing the Armenian Genocide, increasing funding to Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, and increasing military training aid for Armenia. I have also recently met with the President of Armenia as well as the Speaker of the Parliament of Nagorno-Karabakh to discuss strengthening ties between the United States, Armenia, and Artsakh."
  • The U.S.-Greece Relationship
Excerpt: "As a senior member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and a member of the Congressional Caucus on Hellenic Issues, I am a supporter of a strong U.S.-Greek relationship."

Elections

2014

See also: California's 30th Congressional District elections, 2014

Sherman won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He and Mark Reed (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014, defeating Marc Litchman (D), Pablo Kleinman (R) and Mike Powelson (G). Sherman went on to defeat Reed in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2][34]

U.S. House, California District 30 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBrad Sherman Incumbent 64.9% 64,830
     Republican Mark Reed 35.1% 35,110
Total Votes 99,940
Source: California Secretary of State (100% reporting) Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.
U.S. House, California District 30 Primary, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBrad Sherman Incumbent 58% 40,787
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMark Reed 20.1% 14,129
     Republican Pablo Kleinman 12.5% 8,808
     Democratic Marc Litchman 6% 4,251
     Green Michael Powelson 3.3% 2,352
Total Votes 70,327
Source: California Secretary of State

2012

See also: California's 30th Congressional District elections, 2012

Sherman won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 30th District.[35] He was displaced from district 27 by redistricting. He and district 27 incumbent Howard Berman (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Vince Gilmore (D), Mark Reed (R), Susan Shelley (R), Navraj Singh (R) and Michael Powelson (Green). Sherman went on to defeat Berman in the general election on November 6, 2012.[36][37] Sherman was considered a vulnerable incumbent.[38]

The race between Sherman and Howard Berman heated up in a debate on October 11 when the two candidates nearly had a physical altercation. Berman moved over to Sherman's side of the stage and put a finger in his face. Sherman responded by putting his arm around Berman and asking "Do you want to get into this." A sheriff's deputy soon walked between the men, calming them down.[39]

U.S. House, California District 30 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBrad Sherman Incumbent 60.3% 149,456
     Democratic Howard Berman Incumbent 39.7% 98,395
Total Votes 247,851
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 30 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngBrad Sherman (D) Incumbent 42.4% 40,589
Green check mark transparent.pngHoward Berman (D) Incumbent 32.4% 31,086
Mark Reed (R) 12.5% 11,991
Navraj Singh (R) 5.8% 5,521
Susan Shelley (R) 4% 3,878
Michael Powelson (G) 2.1% 1,976
Vince Gilmore (D) 0.8% 792
Total Votes 95,833

Full history


Polls

2012

Brad Sherman vs. Howard Berman
Poll Brad Sherman Howard BermanUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
SurveyUSA
(September 20, 2012)
45%32%23%+/-4628
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Sherman attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Sherman is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Sherman raised a total of $10,691,977 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[48]

Brad Sherman's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 30) Won $3,201,860
2010 US House (California, District 27) Won $1,743,592
2008 US House (California, District 27) Won $1,267,706
2006 US House (California, District 27) Won $1,262,634
2004 US House (California, District 27) Won $813,351
2002 US House (California, District 27) Won $1,227,124
2000 US House (California, District 24) Won $1,175,710
Grand Total Raised $10,691,977


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Sherman's reports.[49]

Brad Sherman (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[50]April 15, 2013$47,778.49$181,071.37$(181,761.79)$47,088.07
July Quarterly[51]July 15, 2013$47,088.07$162,591.00$(127,669.24)$82,009.83
October Quarterly[52]October 15, 2013$82,009.83$144,463.00$(136,935.30)$89,537.53
Year-End[53]January 31, 2014$89,537$191,894$(192,361)$89,070
April Quarterly[54]April 15, 2014$89,070$71,701$(54,802)$105,968
Pre-Primary[55]May 22, 2014$105,968$62,411$(30,116)$138,262
July Quarterly[56]July 15, 2014$138,262$235,562$(305,815)$68,009
October Quarterly[57]October 15, 2014$68,009$171,307$(144,406)$94,910
Running totals
$1,221,000.37$(1,173,866.33)

2012

Sherman won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Sherman's campaign committee raised a total of $3,201,860 and spent $6,172,614.[58] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[59]

Cost per vote

Sherman spent $41.30 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Sherman won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Sherman's campaign committee raised a total of $1,743,592 and spent $818,273.[60]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Sherman's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,000,016 and $2,461,999. That averages to $1,731,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Sherman ranked as the 162nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[61] Between 2004 and 2012, Sherman's calculated net worth[62] decreased by an average of 4 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[63]

Brad Sherman Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$2,571,241
2012$1,731,007
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-33%
Average annual growth:-4%[64]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[65]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Sherman received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Real Estate industry.

From 1995-2014, 20.97 percent of Sherman's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[66]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Brad Sherman Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $14,154,016
Total Spent $13,113,513
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$913,253
Lawyers/Law Firms$778,217
Accountants$438,182
Retired$427,132
Building Trade Unions$411,500
% total in top industry6.45%
% total in top two industries11.95%
% total in top five industries20.97%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Sherman is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Sherman received in June 2013.[67]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[68]

Sherman most often votes with:

Sherman least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Sherman missed 140 of 12,041 roll call votes from January 1997 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.2 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[69]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Sherman paid his congressional staff a total of $949,870 in 2011. He ranked 48th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 200th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[70]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Sherman ranked 136th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[71]

2012

Sherman ranked 113th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[72]

2011

Sherman ranked 85th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[73]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Sherman voted with the Democratic Party 93.3 percent of the time, which ranked 99th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[74]

2013

Sherman voted with the Democratic Party 96.4 percent of the time, which ranked 43rd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[75]

Personal

Sherman and his wife, Lisa, have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Brad + Sherman + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Brad Sherman News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. Politico, "Congress 2012: The 5 ugliest member vs. member battles," accessed April 18, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Brad Sherman," accessed November 6, 2011
  4. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  5. Congressman Brad Sherman, Serving the San Fernando Valley, "Committee Assignments," accessed August 1, 2011
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 On The Issues, "Brad Sherman Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  29. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  30. The American Bazaar, "California Congressman Brad Sherman leads effort to invite Modi to address joint session of Congress," July 13, 2014
  31. The American Bazaar, "Pendulum swings back and forth on Modi addressing Joint Session of Congress," August 11, 2014
  32. The Diplomat, "US Congress Misses Historic Chance to Honor India's Modi," accessed October 6, 2014
  33. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  34. The New York Times, "California Primary Results," May 3, 2014
  35. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named cnnr
  36. California Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," accessed March 13, 2014
  37. California Secretary of State, "Unofficial election results," November 6, 2012 (dead link)
  38. New York Times, "House Ratings," accessed October 3
  39. The Washington Post, "Berman-Sherman debate turns nasty, in a House race that is already heated," October 12, 2012
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Brad Sherman," accessed March 22, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman Pre-Primary," accessed June 3, 2014
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Sherman October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  58. Open Secrets, "Brad Sherman 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  59. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  60. Open Secrets, "Brad Sherman 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 6, 2011
  61. OpenSecrets, "Brad Sherman (D-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  62. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  63. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  64. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  65. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  66. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Brad Sherman," accessed September 22, 2014
  67. GovTrack, "Brad Sherman," accessed July 21, 2014
  68. OpenCongress, "Brad Sherman," accessed July 18, 2014
  69. GovTrack, "Brad Sherman," accessed July 21, 2014
  70. LegiStorm, "Brad Sherman," accessed August 21, 2012
  71. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  72. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  73. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  74. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  75. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Adam Schiff
U.S. House of Representatives - California, District 30
1997-Present
Succeeded by
'