California "Marijuana Control, Legalization and Revenue" Initiative (2014)

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A California "Marijuana Control, Legalization and Revenue" Initiative (#13-0025) was approved for circulation in California as a contender for the November 4, 2014, ballot as an initiated state statute.

Supporters of the initiative referred to it as "The Marijuana Control, Legalization and Revenue Act of 2014."

Proponents ended their campaign due to a lack of finances for signature gathering.[1]

Text of measure

Ballot title:

Marijuana Legalization. Initiative Statute.

Official summary:

"Legalizes under state law marijuana use, growth, cultivation, possession, transportation, storage, or sale. Creates commission to regulate, and provide business licenses for, marijuana cultivation, sales, processing, transportation, and distribution. Applies retail sales taxes to marijuana, unless exemptions for medical or dietary uses apply. Allocates revenues equally among education, healthcare, law enforcement/fire, drug abuse education/treatment, commission expenses. Prohibits discrimination against marijuana users or businesses. Requires voter approval to zone beyond set limits. Bars state/local aid to enforce federal or state marijuana laws. Exempts existing medical marijuana collectives from licensing, regulatory, and local zoning requirements."

Fiscal impact statement:

(Note: The fiscal impact statement for a California ballot initiative authorized for circulation is jointly prepared by the state's Legislative Analyst and its Director of Finance.)

"Reduced costs in the low hundreds of millions of dollars annually to state and local governments related to enforcing certain marijuana-related offenses, handling the related criminal cases in the court system, and incarcerating and supervising certain marijuana offenders. Potential net additional tax revenues in the low hundreds of millions of dollars annually related to the production and sale of marijuana, a portion of which is required to be spent on education, health care, public safety, drug abuse education and treatment, and the regulation of commercial marijuana activities."


The initiative was sponsored by an organization titled American for Policy Reform.[2]


  • Americans for Policy Reform's John Lee argued, "[The initiative] stops putting 20,000 people a year in jail in California for low level offenses and it creates a diversion program."[3]

Path to the ballot

See also: Signature requirements for ballot measures in California
  • John W. Lee, Bob Bowerman, Degé Coutee and Dave Hodges submitted a letter requesting a title and summary on October 14, 2013.
  • A title and summary were issued by the Attorney General of California's office on December 24, 2013.
  • 504,760 valid signatures were required for qualification purposes.
  • Supporters had until May 19, 2014, to collect and submit the required number of signatures, as petition circulators are given 150 days to circulate petitions.
  • The Secretary of State’s suggested signature filing deadline for the November 4, 2014, ballot was April 18, 2014. This means that if supporters had submitted enough valid signatures by May 19 but after April 18, the measure could have been pushed back as far as the next statewide general election, in November 2016.
  • Supporters withdrew the initiative due to lack of funds in early April 2014.[1]


Marijuana legalization initiative Support v. Opposition
Poll Support OpposeUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
The Field Poll - Marijuana legalization initiative 2014 poll
December 10, 2013
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

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