California Cannabis Hemp Initiative (2014)

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A California Cannabis Hemp Initiative (#14-0008) was approved for circulation in California as a contender for the November 4, 2014, ballot as an initiated state statute.

Text of measure

Ballot title:

Marijuana Legalization. Initiative Statute.

Official summary:

"Legalizes under state law marijuana and hemp use, possession, cultivation, transportation, or distribution. Requires case-by-case review for persons currently charged with or convicted of nonviolent marijuana offenses, for possible sentence modification, amnesty, or immediate release from prison, jail, parole, or probation. Requires case-by-case review of applications to erase records of these charges or convictions. Requires Legislature to adopt laws to license and tax commercial marijuana sales. Allows doctors to approve or recommend marijuana for patients, regardless of age. Limits testing for marijuana for employment or insurance purposes. Bars state/local aid to enforce federal marijuana laws."

Fiscal impact statement:

(Note: The fiscal impact statement for a California ballot initiative authorized for circulation is jointly prepared by the state's Legislative Analyst and its Director of Finance.)

"Reduced costs potentially exceeding $100 million annually to state and local governments related to enforcing certain marijuana-related offenses, handling the related criminal cases in the court system, and incarcerating and supervising certain marijuana offenders. Potential net additional tax revenue of a few hundred million dollars annually related to the production and sale of marijuana and industrial hemp, a portion of which is required to be spent on marijuana-related research and other activities."

Polling

A Field Poll found that 52 percent of likely California voters said they would vote for the measure:[1]

The Field Poll -- which surveyed 1,002 registered California voters from Nov. 14 through Dec. 5, with an overall margin of error of plus or minus 3.2 percentage points -- also asked voters whether they would support the California Cannabis Hemp Initiative. That proposed ballot measure would decriminalize marijuana and hemp use, possession, cultivation, transportation and distribution for those over age 21, and would require the Legislature to license and tax commercial sales. After hearing a summary of the initiative's official ballot description, 56 percent of voters said they would support it, 39 percent would oppose it and 5 percent had no opinion.

Path to the ballot

See also: Signature requirements for ballot measures in California
  • Berton Duzy submitted a letter requesting a title and summary on January 28, 2014.
  • A title and summary was issued by the Attorney General of California's office on March 21, 2014.
  • 504,760 valid signatures were required for qualification purposes.
  • Supporters had until August 18, 2014, to collect and submit the required number of signatures, as petition circulators are given 150 days to circulate petitions.
  • The Secretary of State’s suggested signature filing deadline for the November 4, 2014, ballot was April 18, 2014. This means that if supporters had submitted enough valid signatures by August 18 but after April 18, the measure could have been pushed back as far as the next statewide general election, in November 2016.

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