California Proposition 112, California Citizens Compensation Commission (1990)
Proposition 112 created a number of changes:
- It prohibited members of the California State Legislature from accepting honoraria.
- It required the legislature to enact laws to ban (or strictly limit) the acceptance of gifts by elected state officers that might create a conflict of interest.
- It restricted state legislators from accepting compensation for appearing before a state board or agency.
- It prohibited legislators from receiving compensation from a lobbyist, or from any person who has been under contract with the Legislature during the previous 12 months.
- It required the legislature to enact laws to prohibit members from lobbying, for compensation, before the state legislature anytime in the 12 months after the legislator's term in office ends, with a similar restriction for statewide elected officials.
- It created the California Citizens Compensation Commission with the authority to set the annual salaries, and the medical, dental, insurance, and other similar benefits of legislators and elected statewide officials.
- It limited the ability of the state legislature to close sessions of the Legislature or its committees to the public.
In 2009, Proposition 112 was amended by the passage of Proposition 1F, which forbids the California Citizens Compensation Commission from increasing salaries during years when the state carries a budget deficit.
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Proposition 112 changed the California Constitution in several different places:
- It added Section 22 to Article IV.
- It amended Section 5 of Article IV.
- It amended Subdivision (c) of Section 7 of Article IV.
- It amended Section 4 of Article IV.
- It amended Section 14 of Article V.
- It added Section 8 to Article III.
- It repealed Section 12 of Article V.
- It amended Section 5 of Article IV.
Proposition 112's ballot summary was, "Prohibits legislators, statewide elected officers from accepting honoraria, or accepting compensation for representing another before a state board or agency. Directs Legislature to enact laws applicable to legislators, statewide elected officers, implementing honoraria and compensation prohibitions, limiting acceptance of gifts, strengthening conflict laws, prohibiting receipt of income from lobbying firms, and prohibiting lobbying for compensation within 12 months after leaving office. Repeals current provisions setting salaries, benefits of legislators, elected statewide officials; establishes seven-member Commission, appointed by Governor, to annually establish salaries, benefits. Mandates open meetings of Legislature, with specified exceptions. Summary of Legislative Analyst's estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact: Unknown costs to state General Fund, depending on levels of salaries, benefits established by Citizens Compensation Commission. Relatively minor costs to state for support of Commission and enforcing provisions of this measure."
The fiscal estimate provided by the California Legislative Analyst's Office said:
- "This measure would result in unknown costs to the state General Fund. The amount of these costs would depend on the levels of salaries and benefits established by the Citizens Compensation Commission."
- "The cost to the state of supporting the commission and enforcing the provisions of the measure would probably be relatively minor."
Path to the ballot
The California State Legislature voted to put Proposition 112 on the ballot by Senate Constitutional Amendment 32 (Statutes of 1989, Resolution Chapter 167).