California Proposition 170, Simple Majority Vote Needed to Approve School Bonds (1993)
- Allow school facilities bond measures to be approved by a simple majority vote (rather than a two-thirds vote) of the voters in local elections.
- Allow property taxes to exceed the then-current 1 percent limit in order to repay the bonds.
Text of measure
The ballot title was:
- PROPERTY TAXES. SCHOOLS. MAJORITY VOTE. DEVELOPMENT-FEE LIMITS. LEGISLATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT.
The ballot summary was:
- Authorizes ad valorem tax or special assessments on real property to exceed 1% limit to repay bonds approved by majority vote (rather than current two-thirds) in school districts, community college districts and counties, to construct, reconstruct, or rehabilitate schools.
- Authorizes majority approval (rather than current two-thirds) for general obligation bonds of school districts, community college districts and counties, to construct, reconstruct, or rehabilitate schools, including purchasing land, furnishings and equipment.
- Limits local authority to levy school-facilities fees on housing and commercial developments, even if statewide school-facilities bond proposition fails.
The fiscal estimate provided by the California Legislative Analyst's Office said:
- Probable annual savings to the state General Fund of several hundred million dollars, in future years, as a result of fewer statewide bond measures for school facilities.
- Probable increased costs of a similar amount for local K-12 schools and community colleges to pay for school facilities that otherwise would have been paid for by the state. These additional costs would vary by individual district.
Path to the ballot
The California State Legislature voted to put Proposition 170 on the ballot in Assembly Constitutional Amendment 6 (Statutes of 1992, Resolution Chapter 135).
- Official voter pamphlet for the 1993 special election in California
- Hastings California I&R database
- Los Angeles Law Library, 1993 ballot propositions