California Proposition 188, Ban on Smoking in Public (1994)

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California Proposition 188 was on the November 8, 1994 general election ballot in California as an initiated state statute, where it was overwhelmingly defeated.

Proposition 188 would have banned smoking in public, with exceptions that would have included smoking sections in restaurants, bars, private offices, business conference rooms, gaming clubs, bingo establishments, racetracks, sports facility private boxes and smoking lounges. Proposition 188 also would have regulated the location of cigarette vending machines and billboards, and increased the penalties for tobacco purchases by minors.

Election results

Proposition 188
ResultVotesPercentage
Defeatedd No6,004,87670.7%
Yes 2,490,156 29.3%

Text of measure

The ballot title was:

Smoking and Tobacco Products. Local Preemption. Statewide Regulation. Initiative Statute.

The ballot summary was:

  • Repeals and preempts local smoking and tobacco regulations. Repeals and replaces existing statewide smoking and tobacco regulations. Permits amendment of tobacco regulations by two-thirds vote of Legislature.
  • Bans public smoking with significant exceptions. Permits smoking sections in restaurants and employee cafeterias with conditions. Bars not regulated. Permits smoking in private offices, and business conference rooms with occupants' consent. Exempts from smoking regulations gaming clubs, bingo establishments, racetracks, sports facility private boxes and smoking lounges.
  • Regulates location of tobacco vending machines and billboards. Increases penalties for tobacco purchases by minors.

The fiscal estimate provided by the California Legislative Analyst's Office said:

  • Likely, but unknown, annual increase in state and local government health care costs and state tobacco tax revenues.
  • State enforcement costs of less than $1 million annually.

External links