California Proposition 197, Repeal Protection of Mountain Lions (1996)

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California Proposition 197, also known as the Wildlife: Mountain Lions Act, was on the March 26, 1996 primary election ballot in California as a legislatively-referred state statute, where it was defeated.

Proposition 197 was intended to amend the provisions in Proposition 117 (1990) about mountain lions by eliminating the designation of mountain lions as specially protected mammals, and by allowing the California State Legislature to change laws about mountain lions with a simple majority vote rather than a 4/5ths majority vote.

Election results

Proposition 197
Defeatedd No3,283,67958.12%
Yes 2,366,238 41.88%

Text of measure

Mountain lion.jpg


The official ballot summary that appeared on the ballot said:

  • Repeals mountain lion's status as specially protected mammal. Requires Fish and Game Commission to manage mountain lions as it manages mammals that are not rare, endangered, threatened.
  • Requires Fish and Game Department implement mountain lion management plan that promotes health, safety, livestock, property protection; identifies priority zones where mountain lion removal has not alleviated threats.
  • Authorizes taking of mountain lions in priority zones, consistent with plan. Permits governmental agencies, landowners to take mountain lions imminently threatening public health, safety, or livestock.
  • Allows legislative amendments.

Fiscal impact

The California Legislative Analyst's Office provided an estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact for Proposition 197. That estimate was:

"Reallocates funds in the Habitat Conservation Fund of up to $250,000 annually for 1996-97, 1997-98, and 1998-99, and up to $100,000 annually thereafter until July 1, 2020, to prepare and implement a mountain lion management plan.
Potential additional state costs of up to $250,000 annually to administer public safety and public information programs related to mountain lions.

Campaign donations

According to the campaign finance reporting system sponsored by the California Secretary of State, $556,894 was raised to support Proposition 197 and $781,936 was raised to oppose it.[1]

Path to the ballot

Proposition 197 1996.PNG

Proposition 197 was voted onto the ballot by the California State Legislature via Senate Bill 28 (Statutes of 1995, Chapter 779).

Votes in legislature to refer to ballot
Chamber Ayes Noes
Assembly 44 30
Senate 26 8

See also

External links