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California Proposition 22, Limit on Marriages (2000)

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California Proposition 22 was on the March 7, 2000 ballot in California, where it was approved with 61.2% of voters in favor. Proposition 22 stated that only marriages between a man and a woman are to be considered valid or recognized in California.

On May 15, 2008, the California Supreme Court struck down the initiative in a 4-3 decision, giving same-sex couples the right to marry.

Shortly before the court struck down Proposition 22, California Proposition 8 (2008) qualified for the ballot. The goal of Proposition 8's supporters was similar to the goals of Proposition 22 supporters. Proposition 8 amended the California Constitution, whereas Proposition 22 was a state statute. Proposition 8 went on to win at the polls in November 2008.

The ballot measure was an initiated state statute that changed the California Family Code. It is sometimes known as the Knight Initiative, after its author, the late state senator William "Pete" Knight, and also as the "California Defense of Marriage Act."

Election results

The 2000 Primary election results reported by the California Secretary of State's Office are as follows:[1]

Proposition 22
Approveda Yes 4,618,673 61.40%

Text of measure


The ballot title was:

Limit on Marriages. Initiative Statute.


The summary of the ballot measure prepared by the California Attorney General read:

  • Adds a provision to the Family Code providing that only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California.

Fiscal impact

See also: Fiscal impact statement

The California Legislative Analyst's Office provided an estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact for Proposition 22. That estimate was:

  • Probably no fiscal effect on the state or local governments.

Campaign contributions

$8,422,913 was spent supporting the measure. $4,829,543 was spent opposing it.

Supporters of the measure included:

Opponents of the measure included:

See also

External links

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