California Proposition 3, the Closed Primaries Act (1998)

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California Proposition 3, also known as the Save the Presidential Primary Act of 1998, was on the November 3, 1998 election ballot in California as a legislatively-referred state statute, where it was defeated.

Proposition 3 said that only voters who belong to political parties can vote for President in primary elections, and they must vote for President in their own party. Independent voters would not, under the terms of Proposition 3, have been allowed to vote for any presidential candidate in the primary election.

Election results

Proposition 3
Defeatedd No3,995,66853.84%
Yes 3,425,341 42.16%

Of voters who cast a vote in this election, 1,200,112 or 13.92% did not cast a vote on Proposition 3.


The ballot title was:

Partisan Presidential Primary Elections. Legislative Initiative Amendment.


Proposition 3.PNG

The official ballot summary said:

Changes existing open primary law to require closed, partisan primary for purposes of selecting delegates to national political party presidential nominating conventions. Limits voting for such delegates to voters registered by political party. Provides partisan ballots to be voted only by members of the particular party.

Fiscal impact

The California Legislative Analyst's Office provided an estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact for Proposition 1. That estimate was:

"Minor costs to state government."
"Minor costs to county governments statewide."

Campaign spending

No campaign contributions for or against Proposition 3 were reported to the California Secretary of State.

Path to the ballot

Proposition 3 was referred to the ballot through Senate Bill 1505 (Proposition 3).

Votes in legislature to refer to ballot
Chamber Ayes Noes
Assembly 52 12
Senate 28 0

See also

External links