California Proposition 38, School Vouchers (2000)
If Proposition 38 had been approved, it would have authorized annual state payments of at least $4,000 per pupil for attendance at private schools, including private religious schools.
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- Added a new Section 8.1 to Article IX of the California Constitution.
- Added a new Section 8.3 to Article IX of the California Constitution.
- Added a new Section 8.5 to Article IX of the California Constitution.
- Added a new Section 8.7 to Article IX of the California Constitution.
- Added a new Section 8.8 to Article IX of the California Constitution.
Text of measure
The ballot title was:
- Authorizes annual state payments of at least $4000 per pupil for private and religious schools phased in over four years.
- Restricts state and local authority to require private schools to meet standards, including state academic requirements.
- Limits future health, safety, zoning, building restrictions on private schools.
- Requires release of composite test scores of voucher pupils.
- Permits Legislature to replace current voter-enacted constitutional funding priority for public schools (Proposition 98) with minimum formula based on national per-pupil average, as defined by terms of this measure.
- See also: Fiscal impact statement
The California Legislative Analyst's Office provided an estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact for Proposition 38. That estimate was:
- Short-term (first several years) state costs averaging between zero and $1.1 billion annually.
- Longer-term (within five years to ten years) net fiscal effect on state funding of K-12 schools is largely unknown. Annual impact likely to range from costs of about $2 billion to savings of over $3 billion, depending on the number of pupils who shift from public schools to private schools.
- Debt service savings to the state and school districts potentially in excess of $100 million annually after 10 years to 20 years, resulting from reduced need for construction of public schools.
- Potential loss of federal funds in the hundreds of millions of dollars annually.
Proposition 38 attracted huge sums on both sides. $31,131,121 was spent in favor of the measure, while $32,335,808 was spent opposing it.
Donors supporting the measure included:
- Timothy C. Draper: $23,386,553
- Foundation for California's Future: $3,000,000
- William Draper: $2,044,730
- Jerry Perenchio: $1,040,000
Donors opposing the measure included:
- California Teachers Association, $26,366,491
- SEIU, $200,000
- Democratic Party of California, $272,574
- Official Voter Guide summary to Proposition 38
- Official ballot title of Proposition 38
- Official declaration of the November 7, 2000 vote (dead link)
- Full text of Proposition 38
- Smart Voter on Proposition 38
- Cal Voter on Prop 38
- Top Ten contributors