California Proposition 49, Funding for Before and After School Programs (2002)
Proposition 49 increased funding for before and after school programs in California. Starting in 2004-2005, it permanently earmarked a portion of the state's general fund for before and after school programs.
As what was described in 2009 as "California's ongoing budget nightmare" became of more concern, observers and commentators looked for an explanation about why California's budget became so strained. Reporter Ina Jaffe of National Public Radio considered the possibility that Proposition 49 is partly to blame.
Jaffe writes, "Take Proposition 49. In 2002, voters decided they would like to have more after-school programs and voted yes on Proposition 49, a pet cause of Arnold Schwarzenegger before he became governor."
Jaffe quotes state senator Denise Moreno Ducheny saying that the program costs more than $500 million a year. Ducheny also said, "Last year, when we tried to suggest that ... it ought to be flexible in these very difficult years, the governor vetoed that legislation. So the irony is this year we are cutting schools, but his initiative for after-school programs is fully funded."
Text of measure
The ballot title was:
Proposition 49 asked the question:
- "Should funding for before and after school programs be substantially increased, and starting in 2004-05, should general funds be permanently earmarked for this program?"
The ballot summary said:
- "Increases state grant funds available for before and after school programs providing tutoring, homework assistance, and educational enrichment. Establishes priority for continued funding level for schools already receiving grants. Makes public elementary, middle and junior high schools, including charter schools, eligible for grants ranging from $50,000 to $75,000. Provides priority for additional funding for schools with predominantly low-income students. Declares that funding for before and after school programs shall be above Proposition 98 base funding, and at least $85 million for first year increasing to $550 million annually if state revenues grow."
- See also: Fiscal impact statement
The fiscal estimate provided by the California Legislative Analyst's Office said:
- "This measure would have a major fiscal effect of additional annual state costs for before and after school programs that could exceed $400 million annually, beginning in 2004-2005."
- Official Voter Guide to the November 5 ballot propositions
- Analysis of Proposition 49 by the LAO
- Smart Voter information about Prop 49
- Official declaration of the November 5, 2002 vote
- Top Ten Donors to Proposition 49