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Chuck Grassley

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Chuck Grassley
Chuck Grassley.jpg
U.S. Senate, Iowa
Incumbent
In office
1981-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 33
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJohn C. Culver (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 2, 2010
First electedNovember 4, 1980
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$15,339,671
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House of Representatives
1975-1981
Iowa House of Representatives
1959-1974
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls
Master'sUniversity of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls
Personal
BirthdaySeptember 17, 1933
Place of birthNew Hartford, Iowa
Net worth$3,142,538
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Charles Ernest "Chuck" Grassley (b. September 17, 1933, in New Hartford, IA) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Iowa. Grassley was first elected to the Senate in 1980.[1]

He previously was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1975 to 1981 and a member of the Iowa House of Representatives from 1959 to 1974.[1]

He announced in September 2013 that he will seek re-election in 2016.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Grassley is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Grassley was born in 1933 in New Hartford, IA, where he also attended high school. He earned a B.A. in 1955 from Iowa State Teachers College (now University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls), as well as an M.A. in 1956 from the same institution. Grassley also pursued graduate work in political science at the University of Iowa, Iowa City from 1957-58. He served in the Iowa House of Representatives from 1959-74, and in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1974-80 before being elected to the Senate.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Grassley's political career:[4]

  • Iowa House of Representatives, 1959-1975
  • U.S. House of Representatives, 1975-1981
  • U.S. Senate, 1981-Present

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Grassley serves on the following Senate committees[5][6]:

2011-2012

Grassley serves on the following Senate committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8%). For more information pertaining to Grassley's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Voted "No" Grassley voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[10]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "No" On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[11] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[12] Grassley voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "No" On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[13][14] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[14] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[15] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Grassley voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[13][14]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[16] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Grassley voted with the Republican Party against the bill.[17]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "No" Grassley voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[10]

2013 Senate Budget Proposal

Voted "No" Grassley voted against the 2013 Senate Budget Proposal.[10] On March 23, after an all-night debate that ended just before 5 a.m., by a 50 to 49 vote the Democratically controlled Senate approved its first budget in four years. No Republicans voted for the Senate plan, and four Democrats opposed it. All four are from red states and are up for re-election in 2014.[10]

The approved plan is a $3.7 trillion budget for 2014 and would provide a fast track for passage of tax increases, trim spending modestly and leave the government still deeply in the red for the next decade.

The approval of a budget in the Senate began the process of setting up contentious, and potentially fruitless, negotiations with the Republican-controlled House starting in April to reconcile two vastly different plans for dealing with the nation’s economic and budgetary problems.

The House plan would have brought the government’s taxes and spending into balance by 2023 with cuts to domestic spending even below the levels of automatic across-the-board cuts for federal programs now, and it orders up dramatic and controversial changes to Medicare and the tax code.

The Senate plan differed greatly, and included $100 billion in upfront infrastructure spending to bolster the economy and calls for special fast-track rules to overhaul the tax code and raise $975 billion over 10 years in legislation that could not be filibustered. Even with that tax increase and prescribed spending cuts, the plan approved by the Senate would leave the government with a $566 billion annual deficit in 10 years, and $5.2 trillion in additional debt over that window.

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Voted "Yes" Grassley voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[10]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Voted "No" Grassley voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[10]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Grassley voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of five Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[18]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Chuck Grassley's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Grassley is a Moderate Populist Conservative. Grassley received a score of 32 percent on social issues and 56 percent on economic issues.[19]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[20]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Opposes Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[19]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Although he said he finds the president’s statements “compelling,” Grassley also said Iowans at town hall meetings had “lots of questions” and showed no support for military intervention.[21]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists have been critical that President Obama did not offer a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[22][23][24]

According to the website Breitbart, Grassley was 1 of 30 Republican senators who did not support the filibuster.[25][26]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[27]

Controversy

IRS emails

On June 25, 2014, emails were uncovered that showed a former Internal Revenue Service official central to the tea party investigation sought an audit involving Grassley in 2012.[28]

The emails show former IRS official Lois Lerner mistakenly received an invitation to an event that was meant to go to Grassley. After receiving the examination, Lerner suggested that the matter be referred for an investigation.[28]

Braley's comments

Republican research firm America Rising released a videotape on March 25, 2014, that showed Bruce Braley (D) make disparaging comments about Grassley.[29]

“If you help me win this race, you may have someone with your background, your experience, your voice — someone who’s been literally fighting tort reform for 30 years in a visible and public way on the Senate Judiciary Committee...Or you might have a farmer from Iowa who never went to law school, never practiced law, serving as the next chair of the Senate Judiciary. Because if Democrats lose the majority, Chuck Grassley will be the next chair of the Senate Judiciary,” said Braley.[29]

Braley apologized in a statement: “I apologize to Senator Grassley and anyone I may have offended. I respect Senator Grassley and enjoy our working relationship even though we disagree on some issues."[30]

Hold on DHS nominee

Grassley announced on November 20, 2013, that he placed a hold on Jeh Johnson’s nomination for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). He said he has no plan to relent until Johnson provides him with key information about his views on immigration.[31]

“We asked if he would cooperate with us on oversight matters and work with us to improve immigration policies going forward,” Grassley said. “We have not yet received a response from Mr. Johnson.”[31]

Grassley and five other senators sent a letter to Johnson on November 15, 2013, asking him a wide variety of questions on immigration policy and oversight issues at the Department of Homeland Security.[31]

Three Senate Republicans, Grassley, John McCain and Lindsey Graham, publicly said they have placed a hold on Johnson's nomination.[31]

Future of the Republican Party


Real Clear Politics' Morning Commute video of Grassley on the future of the Republican Party.

Chuck Grassley appeared in a video from Real Clear Politics: Morning Commute's Tom Bevan to discuss the future of the Republican Party, and what role the Tea Party will play in it.[32] The video was posted on August 12, 2013.[32]

Senate Judiciary Committee

Grassley was first appointed to the Senate Judiciary Committee shortly after being first sworn into the Senate in 1981.[33] Grassley is the second-longest tenured Republican on the committee since 2009 and one of six non-lawyer members on the committee. Also, Grassley is the longest tenured non-lawyer member on the committee, and tied with Arlen Specter as the third longest tenured members of the committee with 28 years of service.

Grassley serves on the Senate Judiciary Subcommittees on Administrative Oversight and the Courts, Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights, Crime and Drugs, and Immigration, Refugees and Border Security.[34]

Sotomayor hearings

Senator Grassley's background as a farmer makes him one of the leading property rights advocates and experts on the Senate Judiciary Committee. During the 2009 confirmation hearings of Judge Sonia Sotomayor, Grassley questioned the judge intensely on the issue of property rights including the well noted Kelo v. New London case. Senator Grassley expressed serious concerns during the round of questioning towards Judge Sotomayor on the government's use of the "public use" and "public doctrine" doctrines towards eminent domain. Those two doctrines were a common part of the Kelo case. Also, Grassley had concerns on how Sotomayor would rule to honor state laws that would prohibit states from enacting the Kelo ruling if a certain case came to the Supreme Court.[35]

Didden v. Port Chester was another case that was mentioned during the questioning. This was when a New York man claimed that a property developer illegally took his house away to build a national chain drug store. Sotomayor responded she would uphold the ruling against Didden because Didden did not file the case on-time over the statute of limitations. Sotomayor ruled on that case when she was a judge in the Second Circuit.[35]

Sotomayor told Grassley she would rule against the takings clause, citing that the Constitution prohibits taking of land from private property without proper compensation, if a similar case like Didden came to the Supreme Court. The now Supreme Court justice said she would look closely at a state based law prohibiting the enactment of the Kelo decision before making a decision on the legality of the law if it came to the nation's highest court.[35]

Elections

2016

Grassley announced in September 2013 that he will seek re-election in 2016.[36]

2010

On November 2, 2010, Grassley won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Roxanne Conlin (D) and John Heiderscheit (L) in the general election.[37]

U.S. Senate, Iowa General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngChuck Grassley Incumbent 64.4% 718,215
     Democratic Roxanne Conlin 33.3% 371,686
     Libertarian John Heiderscheit 2.3% 25,290
Total Votes 1,115,191

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Grassley is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Grassley raised a total of $15,339,671 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 3, 2013.[43]

Chuck Grassley's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2010 U.S. Senate (Iowa) Won $7,701,183
2004 U.S. Senate (Iowa) Won $7,638,488
Grand Total Raised $15,339,671

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Grassley's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,638,076 and $4,647,000. That averages to $3,142,538, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Grassley ranked as the 44th most wealthy senator in 2012.[44] Between 2004 and 2012, Grassley's calculated net worth[45] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[46]

Chuck Grassley Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$3,917,349
2012$3,142,538
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-20%
Average annual growth:-2%[47]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[48]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Grassley is a "centrist Republican," as of July 22, 2014. Grassley was rated as a "rank and file Republican" in June 2013.[49]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[50]

Grassley most often votes with:

Grassley least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Grassley missed 36 of 11,157 roll call votes from January 1981 to March 2013. This amounts to 0.3 percent, which is better than the median of 1.7% among currently serving senators as of March 2013.[51]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Grassley paid his congressional staff a total of $2,621,953 in 2011. He ranks 13th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranks 56 overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Iowa ranks 26th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[52]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Grassley ranked 11th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[53]

2012

Grassley ranked 25th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[54]

2011

Grassley ranked 20th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[55]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Grassley voted with the Republican Party 90.1 percent of the time, which ranked 15th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of July 2014.[56]

2013

Grassley voted with the Republican Party 91.5 percent of the time, which ranked 10th among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[57]

Personal

Grassley has been married to his wife Barbara Ann (nee Speicher) since 1954. They have five children: Lee, Wendy, Robin, Michele and Jay.[58]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Chuck + Grassley + Iowa + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Chuck Grassley News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Charles Grassley


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Bioguide, "Chuck Grassley," accessed June 21, 2013
  2. Des Moines Register, "Iowa’s Chuck Grassley: I am running for re-election (updated)," accessed September 20, 2013
  3. Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Chuck Grassley," accessed October 13, 2011
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Charles Ernest Grassley," accessed October 18, 2011
  5. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  6. United States Senate, "Chuck Grassley Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  7. Official Senate website, "Committee Assignments," accessed October 13, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Project Vote Smart, "Chuck Grassley Key Votes," accessed October 16, 2013
  11. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  17. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 On The Issues, "Chuck Grassley Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014
  20. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  21. QC Times, "Iowa congressional delegation withholding support for attack on Syria," accessed September 4, 2013
  22. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  23. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  24. ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
  25. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
  26. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  27. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 Yahoo News, "Emails: IRS official sought audit of GOP senator," accessed June 26, 2014
  29. 29.0 29.1 Politico, "Bruce Braley on Chuck Grassley: A ‘farmer’ with no law degree," accessed March 26, 2014
  30. Des Moines Register, "Video captures Braley criticizing Grassley as ‘a farmer from Iowa’," accessed March 26, 2014
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 Politico, "Chuck Grassley puts hold on DHS nominee," accessed November 21, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 Real Clear Politics, "Senator Charles Grassley," accessed August 13, 2013
  33. United States Senate, "Senate Judiciary Committee," accessed 2012
  34. United States Senate, "Senate Judiciary Committee," accessed 2012
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 Washington Post, "Transcript of Senator Grassley's Questioning of Judge Sonia Sotomayor," accessed July 14, 2009
  36. Des Moines Register, "Iowa’s Chuck Grassley: I am running for re-election (updated)," accessed September 20, 2013
  37. 'U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1980," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "Chuck Grassley," accessed April 3, 2013
  44. OpenSecrets, "Chuck Grassley (R-IA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  45. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  46. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  47. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  48. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  49. GovTrack, "Chuck Grassley," accessed July 22, 2014
  50. OpenCongress, "Rep. Chuck Grassley," accessed August 2, 2013
  51. GovTrack, "Chuck Grassley," accessed March 29, 2013
  52. LegiStorm, "Chuck Grassley," accessed 2011
  53. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 22, 2014
  54. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed February 28, 2013
  55. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
  56. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  57. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  58. Official Senate website, "At A Glance," accessed October 13, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
John Culver
U.S. Senate - Iowa
1981-Present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
'
U.S. House - Iowa
1975-1981
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Iowa House of Representatives
1959-1974
Succeeded by
'