Chip Cravaack

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Chip Cravaack
Chip Cravaack.jpg
U.S. House, Minnesota, District 8
Former member
In office
January 3, 2011-January 3, 2013
PartyRepublican
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolSt. Xavier High School, Cincinnati, OH
Bachelor'sUnited States Naval Academy
Master'sUniversity of West Florida
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Navy Reserve
Years of service1990-2005
Service branchUnited States Navy
Years of service1981-1990
Personal
BirthdayDecember 29, 1959
Place of birthCharleston, WV
ProfessionPilot
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Campaign website
Raymond "Chip" Cravaack (b. December 29, 1959) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Minnesota's 8th Congressional District from 2011 to 2013. He ran for re-election in 2012 and was defeated by Rick Nolan (D) in the general election.[1]

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cravaack was a "moderate Republican follower."[2]

Biography

Cravaack was born in 1959 in Charleston, West Virginia. After graduating from St. Xavier High School, Cravaack went on to earn his B.S. at the United States Naval Academy. Upon graduation, he served in the U.S. Navy from 1981 to 1990 and in the Navy Reserve from 1990 to 2005. Prior to his political career, Cravaack worked as a pilot.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cravaack's professional and political career[3]:

Committee assignments

U.S. House of Representatives

2011-2012

Cravaack served on the following House committees:[4]

Issues

Specific votes

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Cravaack voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[5]

Elections

2012

See also: Minnesota's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

Cravaack sought re-election in 2012. He ran unopposed in the August 14 Republican primary. He lost to Rick Nolan (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[6][7] His district is historically Democratic, and he was considered a vulnerable incumbent.[8]

U.S. House, Minnesota District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngRick Nolan 54.3% 191,976
     Republican Chip Cravaack Incumbent 45.4% 160,520
     NA Write-in 0.3% 1,167
Total Votes 353,663
Source: Minnesota Secretary of State, "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Targeted

Cravaack was targeted in 2012 by the Super PAC House Majority PAC. The Democratic-allied PAC spent about $1,498,915 on defeating Cravaack.[9]

Media

Super PAC House Majority PAC's TV ad against Cravaack criticized his vote for an austere federal budget.[10]


Chip Cravaack, "House Majority PAC ad against Chip Cravaack: 'Class'"[11]

2010

On November 2, 2010, Cravaack won election to the United States House of Representatives. He defeated James L. Oberstar (D), Timothy Olson (I), and Richard "George" Burton (C) in the general election.[12]

U.S. House, Minnesota District 8 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngChip Cravaack 48.2% 133,490
     Democratic James L. Oberstar Incumbent 46.6% 129,091
     Independent Timothy Olson 4.3% 11,876
     Constitution Richard "George" Burton 0.9% 2,492
     Independent Write-In 0% 132
Total Votes 277,081

Campaign donors

2012

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2012 elections season. Below are Cravaack's reports.[13]

Chip Cravaack (2012) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[14]March 31, 2012$514,879.85$245,893.4$(131,913.7)$628,859.55
July Quarterly[15]June 30, 2012$628,859.55$393,753.07$(123,931.39)$898,681.23
October Quarterly[16]October 15, 2012$912,681.92$412,694.73$(193,388.48)$1,131,988.17
Pre-General[17]October 25, 2012$1,131,488.17$227,063.39$(454,154.75)$904,396.81
Running totals
$1,279,404.59$(903,388.32)

On October 15, 2012, quarterly reports were submitted by campaigns to the Federal Election Commission. The political blog Daily Kos did an analysis of the fundraising figures and found Democratic challenger Rick Nolan outraised Republican incumbent Chip Cravaack in the third quarter. Nolan raised $484,000 to Cravaack's $462,000.[18]

2010

Breakdown of the source of Cravaack's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Cravaack won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cravaack's campaign committee raised a total of $659,648 and spent $630,728.[19]

U.S. House, Minnesota District 8, 2010 - Chip Cravaack Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $659,648
Total Spent $630,728
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $1,757,326
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $2,223,357
Top contributors to Chip Cravaack's campaign committee
Tobies Resturants$8,463
FedEx Corp$8,000
Freedom & Security PAC$6,000
American Bankers Assn$5,000
Blue Cross/Blue Shield$5,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$55,168
Leadership PACs$23,900
Republican/Conservative$19,330
Air Transport$12,750
Commercial Banks$10,000

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

  • The Net Worth Metric
  • The K-Street Metric (coming soon)
  • The Donation Concentration Metric (coming soon)
  • The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (coming soon)

PGI: Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cravaack's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $843,018 to $1,945,000. This averages out to a net worth of $1,394,009, which is lower than the average net worth of Republicans in 2010 of $7,561,133.[20]

Chip Cravaack Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$753,416
2012$1,961,510
Growth from 2009 to 2012:160%
Average annual growth:53%[21]
Comparatively, the average citizen experienced a yearly decline in net worth of 0.94%.[22]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership, and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cravaack paid his congressional staff a total of $852,494 in 2011. Overall, Minnesota ranked 26th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[23]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Cravaack is one of nearly 25% of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Cravaack's staff was given an apparent $16,967.30 in bonus money.[24]

National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2012

According to the data released in 2013, Cravaack was ranked the 155th most conservative representative during 2012.[25]

2011

According to the data released in 2012, Cravaack was ranked the 170th most conservative representative during 2011.[26]

Voting with party

November 2011

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Chip Cravaack has voted with the Republican Party 93.0% of the time, which ranked 116 among the 242 House Republican members as of December 2011.[27]

Personal

Cravaack has two sons with his wife, Traci.[28]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Chip + Cravaack + Minnesota + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Chip Cravaack News Feed

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External links


References

  1. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Minnesota," November 7, 2012
  2. GovTrack, "Cravaack" accessed May 14, 2012
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Chip Cravaack" accessed December 11, 2011
  4. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments" accessed December 3, 2011
  5. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  6. ABC News, "General Election Results 2012-Minnesota," November 7, 2012
  7. Minn Post, "Minnesota congressional incumbents report a huge financial edge," accessed February 11, 2012
  8. New York Times, "House Ratings" accessed October 3
  9. Open Secrets, "House Majority PAC Independent Expenditures," accessed March, 2013
  10. House Majority PAC 'House Majority PAC launches third wave of ads against Chip Cravaack," accessed May 4, 2012
  11. [YouTube channel]
  12. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010" accessed December 11, 2011
  13. Federal Election Commission, "Chip Cravaack Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2012
  14. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2012
  15. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed August 1, 2012
  16. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 1, 2012
  17. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-General," accessed November 6, 2012
  18. Daily Kos, "Third quarter House fundraising: who's got the cash?" October 18, 2012
  19. Open Secrets, "Chip Cravaack 2010 Election Cycle," accessed December 11, 2011
  20. OpenSecrets, "Chip Cravaack (R-Minn), 2010," accessed October 8, 2012
  21. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  22. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  23. LegiStorm, "Chip Cravaack," accessed October 8, 2012
  24. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  25. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  26. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  27. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
  28. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed December 3, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Oberstar
U.S. House of Representatives - Minnesota District 8
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Rick Nolan