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Chris Gibson

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Chris Gibson
Chris Gibson.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 19
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorNan Hayworth (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$14.39 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,942,923
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sSiena College
Master'sCornell University
Ph.D.Cornell University
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1986-2010
Service branchUnited States Army National Guard
Years of service1981-1986
Personal
BirthdayMay 13, 1964
Place of birthRockville Centre, New York
ProfessionMilitary Officer, Professor
Net worth$175,000.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Christopher P. "Chris" Gibson (b. May 13, 1964, in Rockville Centre, NY) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 19th Congressional District. Gibson was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012. Before redistricting in 2012, Gibson had previously served the 20th District.

Gibson is a 2014 Republican, Conservative and Independence Party candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 19th Congressional District of New York.[1] Gibson ran unopposed for all three nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[2]

He is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[3]

Prior to his congressional career, Gibson served as a Colonel in the United States Army National Gaurd.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Gibson is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

Gibson was born in Rockville Centre, New York. He earned a B.A. from Siena College in 1986 and an M.P.A. and Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1995 and 1998, respectively.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Gibson's professional and political career:[5][4]

  • 1981-1986: United States Army National Guard
  • 1986-2010: United States Army
  • Became colonel
  • Seven deployments, including "four combat tours to Iraq, and separate deployments to Kosovo, the Southwestern US for a counter-drug operation, and most recently - just prior to his retirement - Haiti where he commanded the 82nd Airborne Division’s 2nd Brigade Combat Team (BCT) during the opening month of that humanitarian relief operation."[5]
  • Taught American politics at the United States Military Academy at West Point
  • Congressional Fellow with U.S. Representative Jerry Lewis (R-CA)
  • Hoover National Security Affairs Fellowship at Stanford University

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Gibson serves on the following committees:[6]

  • Committee on Agriculture
    • Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management
    • Subcommittee on Livestock, Rural Development, and Credit
  • Armed Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Tactical Air and Land Forces
    • Subcommittee on Military Personnel
    • Subcommittee on Intelligence, Emerging Threats and Capabilities

2011-2012

Gibson served on the following committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[10] For more information pertaining to Gibson's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Gibson voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[12]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Gibson voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[12]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Gibson voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[12]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Gibson voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[13] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[12]

Economy

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the Republican controlled House passed the budget proposal set out by Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan (R) for the third straight year.[14] However, not all Republican representatives voted in favor of the proposal.[14] Gibson was one of the 10 Republican Representatives who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[14]

The proposal was killed after being voted down in the U.S. Senate with a 40-59 vote.[15]

The proposal would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[14] The 2013 bill had opposition from 10 Republicans — the same number that voted against it in 2012. In 2011 only four Republicans cast a vote in opposition.[14] Democrats have unanimously voted against the bill every year.[14]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Gibson voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[18]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Gibson voted for HR 2775.[20]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Gibson voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[21] The vote largely followed party lines.[22]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Gibson has voted supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[23]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Gibson supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[25] Gibson joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[26][27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Gibson voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Chris Gibson's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Gibson is a Moderate Conservative. Gibson received a score of 32 percent on social issues and 72 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[30]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[29]

Political positions

Taxpayer Protection Pledge

In 2010, as a representative of the 20th District, Gibson signed the Americans for Tax Reform Taxpayer Protection Pledge, promising not to vote for any tax increases. Due to redistricting, when Gibson won re-election in 2012, it was as a representative of the 19th District. When asked if Gibson intended to honor the pledge he had signed in 2010, a representative form Gibson's office responded, "Congressman Gibson doesn’t plan to re-sign it for the 19th Congressional District, which he now represents (the pledge is to your constituents of a numbered district).”[31]

Elections

2014

See also: New York's 19th Congressional District elections, 2014

Gibson is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 19th District. Gibson ran unopposed for the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Gibson is a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program is designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[32]

2012

See also: New York's 19th Congressional District elections, 2012

Gibson won re-election in 2012. Following New York's redistricting, Gibson ran in the newly redrawn 19th District.[33] He was unopposed in the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party primaries and defeated Julian Schreibman (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[34][35]

The Cook Political Report rated Gibson's race a tossup.[36]

General election

U.S. House, New York District 19 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngChris Gibson Incumbent 49% 149,736
     Democratic Julian Schreibman 43.7% 133,567
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 7.4% 22,579
Total Votes 305,882
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Full history


Polls

2012

Chris Gibson vs Julian Schreibman
Poll Gibson SchreibmanUndecided/Not VotingMargin of Error
Siena College (October 30,2012)
48%43%9%+/-3.8
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Gibson attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Gibson is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Gibson raised a total of $3,942,923 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[38]

Chris Gibson's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 19) Won $2,177,704
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 20) Won $1,765,219
Grand Total Raised $3,942,923


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Individual breakdown

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Gibson’s reports.[39]

Chris Gibson (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[40]April 15, 2013$15,015.92$134,856.3$(12,189.54)$137,682.68
July Quarterly[41]July 14, 2013$137,682.68$318,038.01$(24,734.12)$430,986.57
October Quarterly[42]October 15, 2013$430,986.57$260,126.41$(38,548.57)$652,564.41
Year-End Quarterly[43]December 31, 2013$652,564$263,733$(58,555)$863,338
April Quarterly[44]April 15, 2014$863,338.58$459,216.43$(88,717.77)$1,233,837.24
Running totals
$1,435,970.15$(222,745)

2012

Gibson won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Gibson's campaign committee raised a total of $2,177,577 and spent $2,153,561.[45]

Cost per vote

Gibson spent $14.39 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Gibson was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,765,219 and spent $1,734,219.[46]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Gibson's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $100,001 and $250,000. That averages to $175,000.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Gibson ranked as the 356th most wealthy representative in 2012.[47] Between 2009 and 2012, Gibson's calculated net worth[48] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[49]

Chris Gibson Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$187,282
2012$175,000
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-7%
Average annual growth:-2%[50]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[51]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Gibson received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Leadership PACs industry.

From 2009-2014, 27.73 percent of Gibson's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[52]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Chris Gibson Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $6,207,955
Total Spent $4,253,493
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Leadership PACs$515,045
Securities & Investment$458,389
Retired$333,667
General Contractors$233,833
Lawyers/Law Firms$180,389
% total in top industry8.3%
% total in top two industries15.68%
% total in top five industries27.73%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Gibson is a "centrist Republican" as of August 2014.[53] This was the same rating Gibson received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[54]

Gibson most often votes with:

Gibson least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Gibson missed 20 of 2,726 roll call votes from January 2011 to August 2014. This amounts to 0.7 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[53]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Gibson paid his congressional staff a total of $960,983 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[55]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Gibson ranked 198th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[56] Though Republican, Gibson received a higher score on the liberal ranking than on the conservative ranking.

2012

Gibson ranked 174th in the liberal rankings in 2012. He was one of 12 Republicans who scored higher on the liberal ranking than on the conservative one. [57]

2011

Gibson ranked 201st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[58]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Gibson voted with the Republican Party 77.9 percent of the time, which ranked 228th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[59]

2013

Gibson voted with the Republican Party 81.6 percent of the time, which ranked 231st among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[60]

Personal

Gibson and his wife, Mary Jo, have three children, named Katie, Maggie and Connor. The family resides in Kinderhook. Mary Jo is a clinical social worker.

Gibson is involved with various local organizations, including the American Legion, VFW, NRA, Knights of Columbus and St. John’s Church of Valatie.[61]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Chris + Gibson + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Chris Gibson News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Chris Gibson


References

  1. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," April 22, 2013
  4. 4.0 4.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "GIBSON, Christopher, (1964 - )"
  5. 5.0 5.1 U.S. Congressman Chris Gibson, 20th District of New York, "Biography," accessed August 11, 2014
  6. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. U.S. Congressman Chris Gibson, 20th District of New York, "Biography"
  8. House Committee on Agriculture, "Subcommittees" (dead link)
  9. Armed Services Committee, Buck McKeon, Chairman, "Subcommittees"
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gibson's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 9, 2013
  13. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  15. CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gibson's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 9, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gibson's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 9, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Gibson on abortion," accessed October 9, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Chris Gibson Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  30. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  31. National Review, "Gibson: Tax Pledge Doesn’t Count Because District Number Changed," accessed November 30, 2012
  32. The Washington Post, "11 House Republicans named to incumbent-protection program," April 22, 2013
  33. Times Herald-Record, "19th Congressional District race growing tighter," accessed April 25, 2012
  34. AP/CSPAN, "New York-Summary Vote Report," accessed June 26, 2012
  35. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012
  36. Ithaca Journal, "Redrawn congressional lines promise competitive races," accessed March 22, 2012
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Chris Gibson" March 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Gibson’s Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Gibson April Quarterly," accessed August 1st, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Gibson July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Gibson October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Gibson Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Chris Gibson April Quarterly," accessed April 28, 2014
  45. Open Secrets, "Chris Gibson 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Chris Gibson 2010 Election Data," accessed December 21, 2011
  47. OpenSecrets.org, "Chris Gibson (R-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  48. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  49. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  50. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  51. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  52. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Chris Gibson," accessed September 26, 2014
  53. 53.0 53.1 GovTrack, "Chris Gibson," accessed August 11, 2014
  54. OpenCongress, "Chris Gibson," accessed August 11, 2014
  55. LegiStorm, "Chris Gibson," accessed October 1, 2012
  56. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 11, 2014
  57. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 6, 2013
  58. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  59. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  60. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  61. U.S. Congressman Chris Gibson, 20th District of New York, "Biography"
Political offices
Preceded by
Nan Hayworth
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 19
2013–Present
Succeeded by
NA
Preceded by
Scott Murphy
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 20
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Paul Tonko