City of Portage Marijuana Decriminalization Proposal (November 2014)
|Voting on Marijuana|
|Not on ballot|
If approved, this initiative measure would remove any criminal penalties attached to possession and use of small amounts of marijuana. Specifically, the measure would make it legal for any adult above the age of 21 to possess, use or transfer up to an ounce of marijuana on private property.
Chuck Ream, executive director of the Safer Michigan Coalition, said, “Our goal is to try to have democracy recognized. Success would be if the [state] Legislature passes decriminalization.”
The Safer Michigan Coalition, which was founded by and is run by Tim Beck, Chuck Ream and Justin Soffa, has been active in supporting pro-marijuana efforts in the state of Michigan for several years. Chuck Ream and Tim Beck have been working together for a decade on pro-marijuana efforts. The organization supported and is dedicated to defending the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act, approved in 2008. The group is also largely responsible for 14 local ballot measure victories, including five in 2012 and three in 2013.
Ream said, “In order to have some change you’ve got to have some way for the voters to express their opinion. In a city in Michigan you can run a citizen’s initiative.” The method is not available, however, for general law townships or counties. Macomb County and Wayne County are the only two charter counties in Michigan, and the charters of both counties allow for initiative and referendum. The Safer Michigan Coalition has its eye on pro-marijuana proposals in each county for 2015.
Ream explained that the Safer Michigan Coalition created a template and provides support so that local activists can put various initiatives reforming marijuana use enforcement on the ballot. The different recipes offered by the coalition include legalization, which was approved in Ferndale, Lansing and Jackson in 2013, a Lowest Law Enforcement Priority model, enacted in Ypsilanti in 2012, a proposal requiring medical marijuana dispensaries, which was used in Kalamazoo in 2012, and the decriminalization initiatives proposed for multiple local ballots across Michigan in 2014.
Ream expounded on the benefits of running local pro-marijuana efforts, saying, “These local initiatives are really, really cheap, compared to anything that can be done on a state level. For a few thousand dollars we can show that the average voter doesn’t support cannabis prohibition any longer.” Ream said that, although statewide petitions have been successful, the expense - at least a million dollars - of running a statewide campaign was somewhat daunting. Ream did say, “Every time that we give the voice to the voters they reject cannabis prohibition utterly, usually by 60% or more.” Attorney Michael Komorn stated, “I think that this strategy has been brilliant. It’s something where you can always claim victory in every year, these local initiatives.”
The Safer Michigan Coalition is behind this effort in Grosse Point Park.
Up North Live, "Marijuana activists working towards legalization in Michigan," January 30, 2014
Arguments in favor
Supporters of decriminalization argue that use of small amounts of marijuana by consenting adults should not be illegal because it is not harmful and restrictions are not enforceable. They also argue that law enforcement should focus on more dangerous crimes and that any attempt to enforce marijuana prohibition is a waste of time. Tim Beck, co-founder of the Safer Michigan Coalition, said, "Its [sic] time for law enforcement and the court system to start dealing with real crime, with real victims; not harassing consenting adults for something that should not be a crime in the first place."
Opponents argue that the rash of local decriminalization measures showing up across Michigan are impotent and symbolic at best since they contradict state and federal laws outlawing marijuana. Many opponents argue that the energy and money put into these petitions could be put to better use for the communities in which the initiatives were proposed.
Dave Coulter, mayor of Ferndale, a city that featured a similar decriminalization initiative in 2013, said, “My understanding is that state and federal drug laws can’t be changed at the local level. Ferndale has a history of local activism through symbolic statements like this and they certainly have their place, but in terms of effecting actual change at the city level, a focus on economic development and jobs, our neighborhoods and our schools will have a greater impact.”
Many opponents of the initiative expect law enforcement officials to continue making arrests under state law despite approved local decriminalization initiatives. In Flint, one of the five cities in which decriminalization and marijuana related measures were approved in 2012, law enforcement officials said that the vote was futile as police officers would continue to cite state law in order to arrest marijuana users.
- City of Lewiston Recreational Marijuana Legalization Measure (November 2014)
- Town of York Recreational Marijuana Legalization Measure (November 2014)
- City of South Portland Recreational Marijuana Legalization Measure (November 2014)
- City of Albuquerque Marijuana Decriminalization Measure (November 2014)
- City of Santa Fe Marijuana Decriminalization Initiative (November 2014)
- Butte County Medical Marijuana Cultivation Ordinance Referendum (2014)
- Shasta County Outdoor Medical Marijuana Ordinance Referendum (November 2014)
- City of San Jose Medical Marijuana Regulation Act of 2014 (November 2014)
Lake County Marijuana Cultivation Ordinance 2997 Referendum, Measure N (June 2014)
City of Imperial Beach "Compassionate Access Ordinance" Medical Marijuana Dispensaries Act (June 2014)
City of Napa Medical Marijuana Dispensary Referendum (November 2014)
Recent Michigan measures
City of Lansing Marijuana Decriminalization Proposal (November 2013)
Detroit City Marijuana Decriminalization Question (November 2012)
Flint City Marijuana Use Exemption Amendment Proposal (November 2012)
Grand Rapids City Marijuana Decriminalization Amendment Proposal (November 2012)
Kalamazoo City Medical Marijuana Amendment Measure (November 2012)
Ypsilanti City Marijuana Amendment (November 2012)
- Local marijuana on the ballot
- Kalamazoo County, Michigan ballot measures
- November 4, 2014 ballot measures in Michigan
- What is Marijuana? website
- Safer Michigan Coalition website
- Marijuana Policy Project, "Michigan city ballot initiatives status," accessed July 2, 2014
- The Oakland Press, "Organizers submit petitions for pot decriminalization in Berkley," July 1, 2014
- Safer Michigan Coalition website, "2014 Local Initiative Campaigns," accessed July 2, 2014
- The Weed Blog, "Michigan Cities Sized Up For Local Marijuana Initiatives In 2014," January 5, 2014
- Ballotpedia staff writer Josh Altic, "Phone interview with Rev. Steve Thompson," July 10, 2014
- The Weed Blog, "12 Michigan Cities Targeted For Marijuana Ballot Proposals In 2014," April 3, 2014
- C and G News, "Petition seeks to decriminalize marijuana use and possession," August 7, 2013
- Michigan Live, "Flint decriminalization of marijuana vote only 'symbolic;' arrests will continue, city says," November 8, 2012