Civil rights on the ballot

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Civil rights on the ballot: This topic refers to ballot measures regarding the protection of individual freedom and participation in civil and political life. The most notable examples include the freedom of speech, press, and assembly, and the right to vote. Debates over other rights, such as right of privacy, are also included in this definition. Subcategories include - suffrage.

Ballot measures lists

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Alabama

  1. Alabama Interracial Marriage, Amendment 2 (2000)
  2. Alabama Segregation Reference Ban Amendment, Amendment 4 (2012)
  3. Alabama Separation of Schools, Amendment 2 (2004)

Alaska

  1. Alaska Prohibition of Sexual Discrimination, Amendment 2 (August 1972)
  2. Alaska Residence Preference Amendment (1988)
  3. Alaska Right of Privacy, Amendment 3 (August 1972)
  4. Alaska Right to Bear Arms, Measure 1 (1994)

Arizona

  1. Arizona Prohibition of Racially Segregated Schools, Proposition 13 (1950)
  2. Arizona Suffrage and Right to Hold Office for Women Amendment, Questions 300 and 301 (1912)
  3. Arizona Taxpayer and Citizen Protection, Proposition 200 (2004)

California

  1. California Proposition 11, Privacy Is an Inalienable Right (1972)
  2. California Proposition 5, Protections for News Sources (June 1980)

Colorado

  1. Colorado Equality of Sexes, Measure 3 (1972)
  2. Colorado Gun Shows Background Checks, Initiative 22 (2000)
  3. Colorado No Protected Status for Sexual Orientation Amendment, Initiative 2 (1992)
  4. Colorado Probate Ward Bill of Rights Initiative (2014)
  5. Colorado Prohibit Bussing to Schools Based on Race, Measure 8 (1974)
  6. Colorado Remove Language Forbidding Sex-Based Inequality, Measure 6 (1976)
  7. Colorado Three-Fourths Jury Verdict and Women Jurors, Measure 3 (1914)
  8. Colorado Voter Registration, Initiative 30 (2002)
  9. Colorado Women on Juries, Measure 1 (1944)
  10. Colorado Women on Juries, Measure 7 (1936)

Connecticut

  1. Connecticut Prohibition of Disability Discrimination, Question 1 (1984)
  2. Connecticut Sex Discrimination Ban, Question 1 (1974)

Florida

  1. Florida 18 Year Old Legal Majority, Amendment 2 (1970)
  2. Florida Basic Rights, Amendment 9 (1998)
  3. Florida Declaration of Rights, Amendment 2 (1978)
  4. Florida Disability Discrimination Prohibition, Amendment 7 (1974)
  5. Florida Equal Opportunity Education, Straw Poll 2 (March 1972)
  6. Florida Forced Busing, Straw Poll 1 (March 1972)
  7. Florida Property Rights and Illegal Aliens Act, Amendment 1 (2008)
  8. Florida Property and Foreigners, Amendment 3 (1926)
  9. Florida Right of Privacy, Amendment 2 (1980)
  10. Florida Right to Grand Jury, Amendment 4 (1934)

Idaho

  1. Idaho Chinese, Japanese and Mongolian Rights, SJR 1 (1962)
  2. Idaho Indian Right to Vote, HJR 2 (1950)
  3. Idaho Voting for Persons Under Guardianship, SJR 105 (1998)
  4. Idaho Women's Right to Suffrage, SJR 2 (1896)

Iowa

  1. Iowa Equal Rights Act, Chapter 216 (1998)

Maine

  1. Maine Civil Rights and Prevent Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation, Question 6 (2000)
  2. Maine Discrimination Prohibition, Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 2 (1963)
  3. Maine Equal Rights Provision, Constitutional Amendment 6 (1984)
  4. Maine Limiting Protected Classifications, Question 1 (1995)
  5. Maine Reject Extension of Civil Rights Protections Regardless of Sexual Orientation, Question 1 (2005)
  6. Maine Removal of Gender Biased Constitutional Language, Question 7 (1988)
  7. Maine Repeal of Ban Against Sexual Orientation Discrimination, Question 1 (1998)

Maryland

  1. Maryland Allow Jews to Hold Office, Amendment 4 (1824)
  2. Maryland Allow Quakers to Hold Office, Amendment 1 (1794)
  3. Maryland Allow Quakers to be Witnesses, Amendment 2 (1797)
  4. Maryland Discrimination in Public Accommodations, Amendment 5 (1964)
  5. Maryland Equal Legal Rights for Women, Amendment 5 (1922)
  6. Maryland Prohibit Housing Discrimination, Question 4 (1968)
  7. Maryland Sex Discrimination, Question 3 (1972)

Massachusetts

  1. Massachusetts Absentee Voting Due to Physical Disability, Question 4 (1944)
  2. Massachusetts Equal Rights, Question 1 (1976)
  3. Massachusetts Incarcerated Felons Voting Amendment, Question 2 (2000)
  4. Massachusetts Prohibition of Discrimination Against Disabled Persons, Question 1 (1980)
  5. Massachusetts Public Schools Cannot Discriminate Based on Race or Creed, Question 6 (1978)
  6. Massachusetts Women’s Ability to Hold Office, Question 2 (1924)

Minnesota

  1. Minnesota Right to Vote, Amendment 1 (1865)
  2. Minnesota Right to Vote, Amendment 1 (1867)
  3. Minnesota Right to Vote, Amendment 1 (1868)

Missouri

  1. Missouri Electronic Data Protection, Amendment 9 (August 2014)
  2. Missouri General Assembly Reorganization and Legislative Updates Amendment, Issue 3 (February 1924)
  3. Missouri Repeal Separate Schools for White and Colored Children, Amendment 5 (August 1976)
  4. Missouri Women In Office Amendment, Issue 1 (1921)

Nebraska

  1. Nebraska Equal Protection, Amendment 1 (1998)
  2. Nebraska Gender Neutral State Constitution, Amendment 2 (2000)

Nevada

  1. Nevada Constitution Language on Voting, Question 7 (2004)
  2. Nevada Right to Vote and Hold Office Constitutional Language, Question 3 (1992)

New Jersey

  1. New Jersey Right to Privacy from Government Intrusion Amendment, ACR 24 (2014)

New York

  1. New York Gender-Neutral Language Amendment, Proposal 1 (2001)

North Dakota

  1. North Dakota Absent Voters Ballot Initiative (1932)
  2. North Dakota Absent Voters Referendum (1920)
  3. North Dakota Age of Adulthood, Alternate Proposition 3 (1972)
  4. North Dakota Elective Franchise Referendum (1920)
  5. North Dakota Electors Residence Requirements Referendum (1922)
  6. North Dakota Prohibiting School Teachers Religious Dress, Initiative 1 (1948)
  7. North Dakota Red or Black Flags Initiative (1920)
  8. North Dakota Residence Requirements of Electors Referendum (1920)
  9. North Dakota Vehicle Searches, Measure 6 (1992)

Ohio

  1. Ohio Eligibility of Women for Appointment to Commissions, Proposed Amendment 4 (1913)
  2. Ohio Eligibility of Women for Elective Office, Issue 6 (1953)
  3. Ohio Public Office Eligibility for Women, Amendment 36 (September 1912)
  4. Ohio Rules Governing Appointments to State Office, Issue 1 (1957)
  5. Ohio State Militia Qualifications, Issue 3 (1953)

Oklahoma

  1. Oklahoma Definitions of Racial Terms, State Question 527 (1978)
  2. Oklahoma Education Qualifications to Vote, State Question 17 (August 1910)
  3. Oklahoma Integrated Schools, State Question 428 (May 1966)
  4. Oklahoma Segregation in Schools, State Question 475 (September 1970)
  5. Oklahoma Women Eligible for Office, State Question 211 (September 1935)

Oregon

  1. Oregon Equal Rights for Women Initiative, Measure 89 (2014)
  2. Oregon Prohibited Grounds of Discrimination, Measure 7 (1994)
  3. Oregon Remove Constitutional References to Race, Measure 14 (2002)
  4. Oregon Repeal of Forbiddance on "Free Negro and Mullato" People, Measure 3 (1926)
  5. Oregon Right of Chinese to Own Real Estate and Mining Claims, Measure 4 (1946)
  6. Oregon Sterilization of Criminals, Measure 3 (1913)
  7. Oregon Suffrage for "Negro and Mulatto" Persons, Measure 3 (1916)
  8. Oregon Suffrage for "Negroes, Chinamen and Mulattoes", Measure 1 (June 1927)
  9. Oregon Suffrage for Women, Measure 1 (1912)
  10. Oregon Suffrage for Women, Measure 2 (June 1906)
  11. Oregon Suffrage for Women, Measure 9 (June 1908)
  12. Oregon Suffrage for Women Taxpayers, Measure 1 (1910)
  13. Oregon Women Jurors, Measure 5 (June 1921)

Rhode Island

  1. Rhode Island Name Change Amendment, Question 1 (2010)

Vermont

  1. Vermont Equal Rights Amendment (1986)
  2. Vermont Jury Service for Women Act (1942)

Washington

  1. Washington Establishment of a State Women's Commission, Referendum 40 (1977)
  2. Washington Gender Equality, HJR 61 (1972)
  3. Washington Non-Discrimination by Real Estate Brokers Act, Referendum 35 (1968)
  4. Washington Sexual Orientation Anti-Discrimination, Initiative 677 (1997)
  5. Washington Women's Right to Vote, Amendment to Article VI, Sec. 9 (1898)
  6. Washington Women's Right to Vote, Amendment to Article VI Sec. 1 (1910)

Wisconsin

  1. Wisconsin Bail Reform Amendment, Question 3 (April 1981)
  2. Wisconsin Grand Jury System Amendment, Question 1 (1870)

2014

  1. Missouri Electronic Data Protection, Amendment 9 (August 2014)
  2. Oregon Equal Rights for Women Initiative, Measure 89 (2014)

2012

  1. Alabama Segregation Reference Ban Amendment, Amendment 4 (2012)
  2. Ashland City Natural Persons Amendment (November 2012)
  3. Broadview Heights City Petitioned Bill of Rights Amendment Measure (November 2012)

2010

  1. Rhode Island Name Change Amendment, Question 1 (2010)

2008

  1. Florida Property Rights and Illegal Aliens Act, Amendment 1 (2008)

2005

  1. Maine Reject Extension of Civil Rights Protections Regardless of Sexual Orientation, Question 1 (2005)

2004

  1. Alabama Separation of Schools, Amendment 2 (2004)
  2. Arizona Taxpayer and Citizen Protection, Proposition 200 (2004)
  3. Nevada Constitution Language on Voting, Question 7 (2004)

2002

  1. Colorado Voter Registration, Initiative 30 (2002)
  2. Oregon Remove Constitutional References to Race, Measure 14 (2002)

2001

  1. New York Gender-Neutral Language Amendment, Proposal 1 (2001)

2000

  1. Alabama Interracial Marriage, Amendment 2 (2000)
  2. Colorado Gun Shows Background Checks, Initiative 22 (2000)
  3. Maine Civil Rights and Prevent Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation, Question 6 (2000)
  4. Massachusetts Incarcerated Felons Voting Amendment, Question 2 (2000)
  5. Nebraska Gender Neutral State Constitution, Amendment 2 (2000)

1998

  1. Florida Basic Rights, Amendment 9 (1998)
  2. Idaho Voting for Persons Under Guardianship, SJR 105 (1998)
  3. Iowa Equal Rights Act, Chapter 216 (1998)
  4. Maine Repeal of Ban Against Sexual Orientation Discrimination, Question 1 (1998)
  5. Nebraska Equal Protection, Amendment 1 (1998)

1997

  1. Washington Sexual Orientation Anti-Discrimination, Initiative 677 (1997)

1995

  1. Maine Limiting Protected Classifications, Question 1 (1995)

1994

  1. Alaska Right to Bear Arms, Measure 1 (1994)
  2. Oregon Prohibited Grounds of Discrimination, Measure 7 (1994)

1992

  1. Colorado No Protected Status for Sexual Orientation Amendment, Initiative 2 (1992)
  2. Nevada Right to Vote and Hold Office Constitutional Language, Question 3 (1992)
  3. North Dakota Vehicle Searches, Measure 6 (1992)

1988

  1. Alaska Residence Preference Amendment (1988)
  2. Maine Removal of Gender Biased Constitutional Language, Question 7 (1988)

1986

  1. Vermont Equal Rights Amendment (1986)

1984

  1. Connecticut Prohibition of Disability Discrimination, Question 1 (1984)
  2. Maine Equal Rights Provision, Constitutional Amendment 6 (1984)

1981

  1. Wisconsin Bail Reform Amendment, Question 3 (April 1981)

1980

  1. California Proposition 5, Protections for News Sources (June 1980)
  2. Florida Right of Privacy, Amendment 2 (1980)
  3. Massachusetts Prohibition of Discrimination Against Disabled Persons, Question 1 (1980)

1978

  1. Florida Declaration of Rights, Amendment 2 (1978)
  2. Massachusetts Public Schools Cannot Discriminate Based on Race or Creed, Question 6 (1978)
  3. Oklahoma Definitions of Racial Terms, State Question 527 (1978)

1977

  1. Washington Establishment of a State Women's Commission, Referendum 40 (1977)

1976

  1. Colorado Remove Language Forbidding Sex-Based Inequality, Measure 6 (1976)
  2. Massachusetts Equal Rights, Question 1 (1976)
  3. Missouri Repeal Separate Schools for White and Colored Children, Amendment 5 (August 1976)

1974

  1. Colorado Prohibit Bussing to Schools Based on Race, Measure 8 (1974)
  2. Connecticut Sex Discrimination Ban, Question 1 (1974)
  3. Florida Disability Discrimination Prohibition, Amendment 7 (1974)
  4. Proposition 7, Revisions to California's Constitutional Declaration of Rights (1974)

1972

  1. Alaska Prohibition of Sexual Discrimination, Amendment 2 (August 1972)
  2. Alaska Right of Privacy, Amendment 3 (August 1972)
  3. California Proposition 11, Privacy Is an Inalienable Right (1972)
  4. Colorado Equality of Sexes, Measure 3 (1972)
  5. Florida Equal Opportunity Education, Straw Poll 2 (March 1972)
  6. Florida Forced Busing, Straw Poll 1 (March 1972)
  7. Maryland Sex Discrimination, Question 3 (1972)
  8. North Dakota Age of Adulthood, Alternate Proposition 3 (1972)
  9. Washington Gender Equality, HJR 61 (1972)

1970

  1. Florida 18 Year Old Legal Majority, Amendment 2 (1970)
  2. Oklahoma Segregation in Schools, State Question 475 (September 1970)

1968

  1. Maryland Prohibit Housing Discrimination, Question 4 (1968)
  2. Washington Non-Discrimination by Real Estate Brokers Act, Referendum 35 (1968)

1966

  1. Oklahoma Integrated Schools, State Question 428 (May 1966)

1964

  1. Maryland Discrimination in Public Accommodations, Amendment 5 (1964)

1963

  1. Maine Discrimination Prohibition, Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 2 (1963)

1962

  1. Idaho Chinese, Japanese and Mongolian Rights, SJR 1 (1962)

1957

  1. Ohio Rules Governing Appointments to State Office, Issue 1 (1957)

1953

  1. Ohio Eligibility of Women for Elective Office, Issue 6 (1953)
  2. Ohio State Militia Qualifications, Issue 3 (1953)

1950

  1. Arizona Prohibition of Racially Segregated Schools, Proposition 13 (1950)
  2. Idaho Indian Right to Vote, HJR 2 (1950)

1948

  1. North Dakota Prohibiting School Teachers Religious Dress, Initiative 1 (1948)

1946

  1. Oregon Right of Chinese to Own Real Estate and Mining Claims, Measure 4 (1946)

1944

  1. Colorado Women on Juries, Measure 1 (1944)
  2. Massachusetts Absentee Voting Due to Physical Disability, Question 4 (1944)

1942

  1. Vermont Jury Service for Women Act (1942)

1936

  1. Colorado Women on Juries, Measure 7 (1936)

1935

  1. Oklahoma Women Eligible for Office, State Question 211 (September 1935)

1934

  1. Florida Right to Grand Jury, Amendment 4 (1934)

1932

  1. North Dakota Absent Voters Ballot Initiative (1932)

1927

  1. Oregon Suffrage for "Negroes, Chinamen and Mulattoes", Measure 1 (June 1927)

1926

  1. Florida Property and Foreigners, Amendment 3 (1926)
  2. Oregon Repeal of Forbiddance on "Free Negro and Mullato" People, Measure 3 (1926)

1924

  1. Massachusetts Women’s Ability to Hold Office, Question 2 (1924)
  2. Missouri General Assembly Reorganization and Legislative Updates Amendment, Issue 3 (February 1924)

1922

  1. Maryland Equal Legal Rights for Women, Amendment 5 (1922)
  2. North Dakota Electors Residence Requirements Referendum (1922)

1921

  1. Missouri Women In Office Amendment, Issue 1 (1921)
  2. Oregon Women Jurors, Measure 5 (June 1921)

1920

  1. North Dakota Absent Voters Referendum (1920)
  2. North Dakota Elective Franchise Referendum (1920)
  3. North Dakota Red or Black Flags Initiative (1920)
  4. North Dakota Residence Requirements of Electors Referendum (1920)

1916

  1. Oregon Suffrage for "Negro and Mulatto" Persons, Measure 3 (1916)

1914

  1. Colorado Three-Fourths Jury Verdict and Women Jurors, Measure 3 (1914)

1913

  1. Ohio Eligibility of Women for Appointment to Commissions, Proposed Amendment 4 (1913)
  2. Oregon Sterilization of Criminals, Measure 3 (1913)

1912

  1. Arizona Suffrage and Right to Hold Office for Women Amendment, Questions 300 and 301 (1912)
  2. Ohio Public Office Eligibility for Women, Amendment 36 (September 1912)
  3. Oregon Suffrage for Women, Measure 1 (1912)

1910

  1. Oklahoma Education Qualifications to Vote, State Question 17 (August 1910)
  2. Oregon Suffrage for Women Taxpayers, Measure 1 (1910)
  3. Washington Women's Right to Vote, Amendment to Article VI Sec. 1 (1910)

1908

  1. Oregon Suffrage for Women, Measure 9 (June 1908)

1906

  1. Oregon Suffrage for Women, Measure 2 (June 1906)

Before 1900

  1. Idaho Women's Right to Suffrage, SJR 2 (1896)
  2. Maryland Allow Jews to Hold Office, Amendment 4 (1824)
  3. Minnesota Right to Vote, Amendment 1 (1865)
  4. Minnesota Right to Vote, Amendment 1 (1867)
  5. Minnesota Right to Vote, Amendment 1 (1868)
  6. Washington Women's Right to Vote, Amendment to Article VI, Sec. 9 (1898)
  7. Wisconsin Grand Jury System Amendment, Question 1 (1870)

Before 1800

  1. Maryland Allow Quakers to Hold Office, Amendment 1 (1794)
  2. Maryland Allow Quakers to be Witnesses, Amendment 2 (1797)

Voting on Civil Rights
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