Colorado boards of county commissioners

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Commissioner is an elected position in the state of Colorado according to the state's constitution.


Three members of the board of county commissioners are elected in each county with a population of less than 70,000 for four year terms. One commissioner is elected in a year two years separated from the year the other two commissioners are elected. The commissioners must be registered voters and must have resided in the district for at least one year before the election.

In counties with a population of 70,000 or more, there can be five members.[1]

Each elected commissioner takes an oath to support the constitution of the United States and of the state of Colorado, and to perform the duties of his or her office to the best of his or her ability.[1]

Government roles

The powers of the county commissioners cannot be superseded or judicially controlled or reviewed except for an excess of jurisdiction or abuse of discretion. The board cannot shift its powers to another, nor evade its duties. The board hears and votes on business and action.

County commissioners are fully responsible for managing the business affairs of the county.

As the governing body, the commissioners have full authority to make all contracts essential to management of county affairs.

The board has the power to buy and build, not the power to maintain. If the commissioners have the power to select and purchase a site for a courthouse, and to erect the building thereon, they have no authority to bind the public to maintain the courthouse.

A subsequent board of commissioners has no power to review the discretionary acts of a former board.

Any contract which will disable a public or quasi-public corporation from performing its duty, or has been imposed upon it, for public weal, is void.[1]

Position overview

County commissioners are responsible for apportioning and levying taxes, overseeing the organization, and budgeting all county programs. Each of the Commissioners sits on various operating and advisory boards as representatives of the county.

The board of county commissioners must meet in open session, at least one business day of each month, and all people conducting themselves in an orderly manner may attend its meetings. The board establishes rules and regulations to govern the transactions of its business.[1]

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