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Connecticut gubernatorial and lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2014

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Connecticut Gubernatorial and Lieutenant Gubernatorial Election

Primary Date:
August 12, 2014

General Election Date:
November 4, 2014

Race rating: Toss-up

November 4 Election Winners:
Dan Malloy Democratic Party
Nancy Wyman Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Dan Malloy Democratic Party
Nancy Wyman Democratic Party
Gov. Dan Malloy
Lt. Gov. Nancy Wyman

Connecticut State Executive Elections
Top Ballot
Governor Lieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney General
Down Ballot
Treasurer, Controller

Current trifecta for Democrats
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State executive offices in Connecticut
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The Connecticut gubernatorial and lieutenant gubernatorial election took place on November 4, 2014. Incumbents Dan Malloy (D) and Nancy Wyman (D) were first elected together in 2010 and won re-election in 2014, narrowly defeating the Republican ticket of Tom Foley and Heather Somers for new four-year terms.

Connecticut is one of 21 states with a mixed primary system. Though parties decide who may vote in their primary election, the primary is considered closed as neither the Democratic Party nor the Republican Party allow any voter but those registered with their party to vote.[1]

The contest between Gov. Malloy and Republican challenger Tom Foley was a rematch of the 2010 election, with results from that election available in the past elections section. Malloy and Foley were running close in polls during the summer and fall as detailed in the polls section. Learn more about the events that shaped this race by jumping to the race background section.

The defining issue in this race was the state's economic health, which was debated at length by Malloy and Foley. According to Dan Haar of the Hartford Courant, Connecticut's unemployment rate dropped from 7.7 percent in fall 2013 to 6.4 percent in fall 2014 thanks to 26,000 new jobs. These figures did not lead to a surge for Malloy in general election polls for several reasons. The average wage for a Connecticut resident dropped 2 percent from 2010 to 2014 and the Malloy administration pursued numerous economic programs that became targets for Foley and Visconti.[2]


General election

Running mates listed together in order of "Governor/Lieutenant Governor"
Democratic Party Working Families Party Dan Malloy/Nancy Wyman (Democrat, Working Families) - Incumbent Green check mark transparent.png[3]
Republican Party Independent Tom Foley/Heather Somers (Republican, Independent)[4]
Independent (Unaffiliated) Joseph Visconti/Chester Harris[5]

Lost in the Republican primary

Republican Party John P. McKinney[6][7]


General election

Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngDan Malloy/Nancy Wyman Incumbent 50.7% 554,314
     Republican Tom Foley/Heather Somers 48.2% 526,295
     Independent Joe Visconti/Chester Harris 1% 11,456
     Nonpartisan Write-in votes 0.1% 708
Total Votes 1,092,773
Election Results via Connecticut Secretary of State.

Primary election


Republican primary
Governor of Connecticut, Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Foley 55.6% 44,144
John McKinney 44.4% 35,282
Total Votes 79,426
Election Results via Connecticut Secretary of State.
Democratic primary

Incumbent Dan Malloy ran uncontested in the Democratic primary.

Lieutenant gubernatorial

Democratic primary

Incumbent Nancy Wyman was uncontested in the Democratic primary.

Republican primary
Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut, Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngHeather Somers 34.5% 26,980
Penny Bacchiochi 33.6% 26,311
David Walker 31.9% 25,014
Total Votes 78,305
Election Results via Connecticut Secretary of State.

Race background

Close race ratings in Connecticut

On March 28, 2014, Democratic incumbent Gov. Dan Malloy formally announced his bid for re-election to a second term. He again teamed up with 2010 running mate and Lt. Gov. Nancy Wyman for the 2014 race.[3] Early on, Malloy was flagged as one of the most vulnerable incumbents of the 2014 gubernatorial election cycle.[8] As the campaign season has progressed, the Daily Kos reaffirmed Malloy's tenuous position, labeling the race a toss-up. The rating was assigned in consideration of a series of polls showing Malloy behind or rivaling Republican nominee Tom Foley in potential general election match-ups.[9][10] The Cook Political Report, meanwhile, consistently rated Connecticut as "Lean D," meaning the race was competitive but the Democrats had an advantage.[11]

Rematch of 2010 campaign

Malloy won the governorship in November 2010 following a hard-fought general election campaign against Republican Tom Foley, a wealthy Republican businessman and former U.S. ambassador to Ireland under former President George W. Bush. The contest ended over a week after the general election took place. There were several reversed calls on the outcome of the race before Malloy finally emerged as the victor.[12] At the May 2014 State Republican Convention, delegates endorsed Foley for the second gubernatorial cycle in a row, bringing him one step closer to a 2014 re-match against Malloy. Although Foley was the resounding favorite at the convention, fellow GOP hopeful and current state Sen. majority leader John McKinney managed to garner enough delegate support to remain eligible for the nomination, preventing Foley from running unopposed in the August 12 primary.[13]

Lieutenant gubernatorial primaries

Incumbent Nancy Wyman (D) was first elected in 2010 and sought re-election in 2014 alongside current Connecticut Governor Dan Malloy. Wyman and Malloy were uncontested in their respective primaries on August 12 and ran together for the second cycle in a row in the general election.

The outcome of the August 12 Republican primary for Connecticut Lieutenant Governor remained unknown until Wednesday afternoon after election day, when state Rep. Penny Bacchiochi conceded the tight race to Groton Town Council Member and former Mayor Heather Somers.[14][15][16] With 100 percent of precincts reporting, unofficial results provided by the Connecticut Secretary of State showed Somers edging out Bacchiochi by a razor-sharp margin of about 780 votes. Although not a factor in the suspenseful head-to-head finale, third-place finisher David Walker took a respectable 32 percent of the vote, roughly 1,000 votes behind Bacchiochi.[17]

Under Connecticut election law, an automatic recount is triggered if the margin separating the highest vote-getters falls within one-half a percentage point of the total number of ballots cast; for Somers and Bacchiochi, that meant a difference of 1,000 votes. Bacchiochi rejected the ordering of a recount, however, believing it would only waste time.[14] Delegates of the Connecticut Republican Party voted to back Bacchiochi for lieutenant governor at their convention in May, so the result of the primary was a modest upset.[18][19]

Somers went on to share the ticket with GOP gubernatorial nominee Tom Foley in the general election battle against Democratic incumbents Gov. Dan Malloy and Lt. Gov. Nancy Wyman and the unaffiliated ticket of Joe Visconti and Chester Harris.[20]

Independent candidates

One Independent candidate, Joe Visconti, appeared on the general election ballot along with Malloy and Foley. Former state Rep. and career political operative Jonathan Pelto also petitioned to run as an independent, but failed to collect the minimum 7,500 signatures required to qualify for the race.[21] Pelto backed Malloy's 2010 gubernatorial campaign before publicly turning against him for his policies on education and taxes, among other issues, during Malloy's first term in office. Pelto's 2014 bid gained media attention in August when his candidate petition was signed by Ralph Nader, the perennial third-party presidential candidate who was blamed for swinging the election from Al Gore to George W. Bush by siphoning liberal voters. Nader's sudden presence in the Connecticut gubernatorial race raised concerns for Malloy and Democratic strategists, who immediately accused Pelto of running in order to manipulate the election's outcome, not to win it.[22]

Campaign themes

Tom Foley, Dan Malloy and Joe Visconti issued statements on their campaign websites regarding economic plans for the state. The following sections quote their economic positions verbatim from campaign materials:

Tom Foley

Tom Foley has a plan to get Connecticut headed in a new direction. All of Connecticut’s greatest assets, our people, our tradition of hard work, are hamstrung by the policies of this administration. With this plan and new leadership we can get Connecticut back on track.

Restoring A Vibrant Economy

  • Add more high value-added, high paying jobs
    • Focus on supporting seven high potential industries
    • Send the message to employers that we want them here in Connecticut
  • Conduct a ‘red tape review’ to eliminate regulations and paperwork
  • Eliminate the ‘business entity tax’ for businesses with under 50 employees
  • Simplify and expedite approval processes for permitting
  • Develop and market the ‘Knowledge Corridor’ from Enfield to New Haven
  • Invest in our transportation system
  • Require that contracts financed with state funds pay for Connecticut jobs

Making Connecticut More Affordable

  • End mandates and other costs added to electricity bills by Governor Malloy
  • Reduce the sales tax by 0.5%
  • Eliminate taxes and fees that cost more to collect than they generate in revenue
  • Work to lower property taxes
  • Help towns reduce costs so they can lower property taxes

Getting Control Over Spending

  • Hold spending flat for two years
  • Direct every department of state government to find productivity improvements
  • Apply ‘best practices’ and ‘comparative costing’ to reduce costs
  • Invest in improved IT to make government more productive
  • Work with private healthcare providers to lower state healthcare costs
  • End pension fraud and abuse

Reforming Our Tax Code

  • Lower sales tax by 0.5%
  • Eliminate any tax or fee not cost-effective for state to collect
  • Introduce comprehensive tax reform to stop driving away people and jobs
  • Work with cities and towns to reduce property taxes
  • Increase transparency to prevent ‘stealth taxes’


—Tom Foley's campaign website, (2014) [24]

Dan Malloy

Dan Malloy and Nancy Wyman’s policies have led to the creation of over 50,000 private sector jobs in Connecticut and unemployment is currently at a five-year low. But they are not satisfied and know there is more work to do. That’s why they are committed to growing that number to over 100,000 jobs and continuing to drive down unemployment over the next four years. Dan Malloy and Nancy Wyman understand it’s about creating new jobs and new opportunities for innovation. That means growing jobs across Connecticut’s economy in areas like advanced manufacturing, communications, financial services, health and bioscience, and the service industry.

Dan Malloy and Nancy Wyman have worked to create the jobs that will keep Connecticut’s economy moving forward and support the middle class. Over the last several years:

— Connecticut’s private sector has added nearly 60,000 jobs from small businesses to Fortune 500 companies.

— Unemployment in Connecticut is at a five-year low.

— Over 16,000 jobs in more than 1,100 small businesses have been created or maintained through grants and low-interest-bearing loans as part of the Small Business Express program.

— Over 1,600 businesses have benefited from Department of Economic and Community Development programs.

— Aid to businesses owned by minorities and women has increased to over $18.3 million.

— More union jobs in fields like construction, trades and energy are being created.

Dan Malloy and Nancy Wyman have found new ways to generate forward-thinking ideas. Connecticut is supporting innovation by:

— Funding early-stage businesses and startups through the Connecticut Bioscience Innovation Fund.

— Investing in CTech business incubators to create technology hubs where startups are cultivated to accelerate their growth.

— Leveraging the expertise of over 500 companies in the state to mentor more than 300 startups through the CTNext program.

— Creating the new $30 million Advanced Manufacturing Fund that will help companies modernize, purchase equipment, develop new technologies, support apprenticeships and provide training and specialized education for workers. The fund will also support an increase in federally-funded research efforts at Connecticut’s universities and colleges.

— Coming up with revolutionary ways to generate more jobs in the state could only come to fruition by having our own fiscal house in order. Despite inheriting a $3.67 billion deficit – one of the worst per capita in the nation – Dan Malloy and Nancy Wyman balanced the state’s budget each year, reduced our long-term debt by over $11.5 billion, implemented Generally Accepted Accounting Practices (GAAP) and replenished Connecticut’s Rainy Day Fund, which is now at more than $300 million after being completely depleted by the previous administration.

Thanks to Dan Malloy and Nancy Wyman, Connecticut leads the nation when it comes to protecting and empowering working and middle-class families.

Connecticut was the first state to pass legislation to increase the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour. Dan Malloy and Nancy Wyman believe that no one working full-time, especially women raising families, should live in poverty. Connecticut became the first state in the nation to mandate that its 400,000 workers who receive an hourly wage earn five paid sick days per year. No one should choose between seeking medical care or his or her job. [23]

—Dan Malloy's campaign website, (2014) [25]

Joe Visconti

A sales tax is one of the most regressive forms of taxation, placing a disproportionate burden on lower income families. Our estate tax drives out the very people who hold tax generating assets and wealth acquired over a lifetime.

Joe offers the following creative solutions to these problems while recognizing that the state still needs tax revenue to operate and fund present obligations:

  • Phase out the sales tax on goods over 7 years, indexed and tied to GDP. While residents of surrounding states face sales tax rates as high as 8.875%, an elimination of sales tax on goods in Connecticut will increase sales from out of state consumers, commuters, and tourists. This leads to business expansion, hiring, full-time employment, and increased corporate and small business revenue. With the retention and expansion of business without taxpayer subsidy, Connecticut will be positioned economically to pay down deficits and unfunded liabilities through increased revenue from corporate and income tax. At one point during this economic growth, we will be able to then tackle income and corporate tax.
  • Phase a reduction of the gasoline tax.
  • Eliminate the estate tax which will encourage retirees to stay in Connecticut rather than moving out of state to protect their investments which they wish to hand down to their children. The state would offset this tax reduction with the additional tax revenue on the additional investments held in this state.
  • Reduce government spending through a hiring freeze, a spending freeze, and opting out of many nonessential federal programs.


—Joe Visconti's campaign website, (2014) [26]


Governor of Connecticut: All candidates
Poll Dan Malloy* (D) Tom Foley (R)Joe Visconti (I)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University
September 3-8, 2014
Public Policy Polling
October 2-5, 2014
Quinnipiac University
October 1-6, 2014
Quinnipiac University
October 14-20, 2014
Quinnipiac University
October 22-27, 2014
Quinnipiac University
October 28-November 2, 2014
AVERAGES 42.5% 41.83% 8.17% 7.5% +/-3.12 1,004
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.
Governor of Connecticut: Malloy vs. Foley
Poll Dan Malloy* (D) Tom Foley (R)Undecided/OtherMargin of ErrorSample Size
Quinnipiac University
June 12-17, 2013
Quinnipiac University
February 26-March 2, 2014
Quinnipiac University
May 1-6, 2014
July 5-24, 2014
Vox Populi
July 27-28, 2014
Gravis Marketing
August 4-7, 2014
New York Times/CBS News/YouGov
September 20-October 1, 2014
Rasmussen Reports
October 14-16, 2014
New York Times/CBS News/YouGov
October 16-23, 2014
AVERAGES 40.44% 43.11% 14.11% +/-3.53 1,152.22
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.
  • Note: An asterisk denotes incumbent status.

Campaign media

Tom Foley

Tom Foley ad: Had His Chance

Outside organizations

Connecticut Forward

Connecticut Forward ad: Too Often

Connecticut Forward ad: Horizon

Ad spending

The Wesleyan Media Project published a report on September 30, 2014, highlighting spending on gubernatorial races from September 12-25. This report found that Democratic and Republican groups spent a total of $46.84 million on TV ads in 15 states with gubernatorial elections. The following chart details the group's findings, including spending amounts and number of ads:[27]

Note: A bolded number indicates the highest total for this category. A number in italics is the lowest total for this category.

Spending on TV ads, September 12-25, 2014
State Total # of ads  % Democratic-leaning ads  % GOP-leaning ads Total spending-Democratic leaning (in millions of $) Total spending-GOP leaning (in millions of $)
Colorado 2,460 83.1 16.9 1.35 0.39
Connecticut 2,312 61.7 38.3 1.48 0.89
Florida 20,111 38.5 61.5 4.07 6.64
Georgia 4,625 51.1 48.9 1.43 0.99
Illinois 7,793 63.5 36.5 4.17 3.5
Iowa 2,134 47.5 52.5 0.25 0.38
Kansas 5,024 45.7 54.3 0.85 1.17
Maine 3,281 42.3 57.7 0.46 0.32
Michigan 6,767 33.9 66.1 1.14 2.3
Minnesota 1,974 83.9 16.1 0.65 0.29
New York 4,926 61 39 2.18 0.88
Pennsylvania 3,263 50.9 49.1 1.58 1.23
South Carolina 2,883 39.1 60.9 0.33 0.38
Texas 10,330 33.4 66.6 2.24 2.93
Wisconsin 7,374 63.3 36.7 1.36 1.01
TOTALS 85,257 48.2 51.8 23.54 23.3

Past elections


Connecticut Governor and Lieutenant Governor, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngDan Malloy/Nancy Wyman 51.2% 587,182
     Republican Tom Foley/Mark Boughton 47.2% 540,970
     Independent Thomas E. Marsh/Cicero B. Booker, Jr. 1.5% 17,629
Total Votes 1,145,781


Governor and Lieutenant Governor, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngM. Jodi Rell/Michael Fedele Incumbent 63.2% 710,048
     Democratic John DeStefano/Mary Messina Glassman 35.4% 398,220
     Green Clifford W. Thornton, Jr./Jean de Smet 0.9% 9,584
     Concerned Citizens Joseph A. Zdoncyzk/Jose E. Garcia 0.5% 5,560
Total Votes 1,123,412


Governor and Lieutenant Governor, 2002
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJohn G. Rowland/M. Jodi Rell 56.1% 573,958
     Democratic Bill Curry/George Jepsen 43.9% 448,984
Total Votes 1,022,942

Voter turnout

Political scientist Michael McDonald's United States Elections Project studied voter turnout in the 2014 election by looking at the percentage of eligible voters who headed to the polls. McDonald used voting-eligible population (VEP), or the number of eligible voters independent of their current registration status, to calculate turnout rates in each state on November 4. He also incorporated ballots cast for the highest office in each state into his calculation. He estimated that 81,687,059 ballots were cast in the 50 states plus the District of Columbia, representing 35.9 percent of the VEP.[28] By comparison, 61.6 percent of VEP voted in the 2008 presidential election and 58.2 percent of VEP voted in the 2012 presidential election.[29]

Quick facts

  • According to PBS Newshour, voter turnout in the 2014 midterms was the lowest since the 1942 midterms, which took place during the nation's involvement in World War II.[30]
  • Forty-three states and the District of Columbia failed to surpass 50 percent turnout in McDonald's analysis.
  • The three states with the lowest turnout according to McDonald's analysis were Texas (28.3 percent), Tennessee (28.6 percent) and Indiana (28.8 percent).
  • Maine (58.5 percent), Wisconsin (56.5 percent) and Colorado (54.5 percent) were the three states with the highest turnout.
  • There were only 12 states that increased voter turnout in 2014 compared to the 2010 midterm elections.[31]
Voter turnout rates, 2014
State Total votes counted  % voter eligible population Top statewide office up for election Size of lead (Raw votes) Size of lead (%)
Alabama 1,191,274 33.2 Governor 320,319 27.2
Alaska 285,431 54.4 Governor 4,004 1.6
Arizona 1,537,671 34.1 Governor 143,951 12.5
Arkansas 852,642 40.1 Governor 118,664 14
California 7,513,972 30.8 Governor 1,065,748 17.8
Colorado 2,080,071 54.5 Governor 50,395 2.4
Connecticut 1,096,509 42.5 Governor 26,603 2.5
Delaware 234,038 34.4 Attorney General 31,155 13.6
District of Columbia 177,176 35.8 Mayor 27,934 19
Florida 6,026,802 43.3 Governor 66,127 1.1
Georgia 2,596,947 38.5 Governor 202,685 8
Hawaii 369,554 36.5 Governor 45,323 12.4
Idaho 445,307 39.6 Governor 65,852 14.9
Illinois 3,680,417 40.9 Governor 171,900 4.9
Indiana 1,387,622 28.8 Secretary of State 234,978 17.8
Iowa 1,142,284 50.2 Governor 245,548 21.8
Kansas 887,023 43.4 Governor 33,052 3.9
Kentucky 1,435,868 44 U.S. Senate 222,096 15.5
Louisiana 1,472,039 43.8 U.S. Senate 16,401 1.1
Maine 616,996 58.5 Governor 29,820 4.9
Maryland 1,733,177 41.5 Governor 88,648 6.1
Massachusetts 2,186,789 44.6 Governor 40,361 1.9
Michigan 3,188,956 43.2 Governor 129,547 4.3
Minnesota 1,992,613 50.5 Governor 109,776 5.6
Mississippi 631,858 28.9 U.S. Senate 141,234 33
Missouri 1,426,303 31.8 Auditor 684,074 53.6
Montana 373,831 47.3 U.S. Senate 65,262 17.9
Nebraska 552,115 41.5 Governor 97,678 18.7
Nevada 547,349 29 Governor 255,793 46.7
New Hampshire 495,565 48.4 Governor 24,924 5.2
New Jersey 1,955,042 32.5 N/A N/A N/A
New Mexico 512,805 35.7 Governor 73,868 14.6
New York 3,930,310 29 Governor 476,252 13.4
North Carolina 2,939,767 41.2 U.S. Senate 48,511 1.7
North Dakota 255,128 45 U.S. House At-large seat 42,214 17.1
Ohio 3,149,876 36.2 Governor 933,235 30.9
Oklahoma 824,831 29.8 Governor 122,060 14.7
Oregon 1,541,782 53.5 Governor 59,029 4.5
Pennsylvania 3,495,866 36 Governor 339,261 9.8
Rhode Island 329,212 42.2 Governor 14,346 4.5
South Carolina 1,261,611 35.2 Governor 179,089 14.6
South Dakota 282,291 44.9 Governor 124,865 45.1
Tennessee 1,374,065 28.6 Governor 642,214 47.5
Texas 4,727,208 28.3 Governor 957,973 20.4
Utah 577,973 30.2 Attorney General 173,819 35.2
Vermont 193,087 38.8 Governor 2,095 1.1
Virginia 2,194,346 36.6 U.S. Senate 16,727 0.8
Washington 2,123,901 43.1 N/A N/A N/A
West Virginia 451,498 31.2 U.S. Senate 124,667 27.6
Wisconsin 2,410,314 56.5 Governor 137,607 5.7
Wyoming 168,390 39.3 Governor 52,703 33.6

Note: Information from the United States Elections Project was last updated on December 16, 2014.

Key deadlines

Deadline Event
June 10, 2014 Filing deadline (Major Parties)
August 6, 2014 Filing deadline (Independents)
August 12, 2014 Primary election
September 3, 2014 Filing deadline (Minor Parties)
November 4, 2014 General election
December 4, 2014 Certificate of canvass completion for general election results
January 7, 2015 Inauguration day for state executive officials in general election

Recent news

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Connecticut Gubernatorial election, 2014 News Feed

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See also

External links

Suggest a link


  1. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 2, 2014
  2. Hartford Courant, "In Economic Battle, It's Malloy's Rising Numbers Vs. Foley's Nagging Malaise," October 26, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Connecticut News Junkie, "Malloy Makes Re-election Bid Official," March 28, 2014
  4. NewsTimes, "Foley: Woman would have helped ticket," January 4, 2013
  5. Connecticut Mirror, Foley keeps GOP off balance with unexpected 'exploratory' announcement, September 10, 2013
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ctgov
  7. CT Post, "McKinney announces run for governor," July 23, 2013
  8. Governing Politics, "2013-2014 Governor's Races: Who's Vulnerable?," December 11, 2012
  9. The Daily Kos, "Daily Kos Elections gubernatorial race ratings (2013-14)," accessed August 11, 2014
  10. Only in Bridgeport, "Latest Polls Show Challenging Reelection For Malloy," July 28, 2014
  11. Cook Political Report, "2014 Governors Race Ratings," July 30, 2014
  12. The Hour, "Secretary of the State: Malloy is governor-elect," November 3, 2010
  13. The Wilton Daily Voice, "Wilton Republicans Head To Polls Tuesday To Pick Gubernatorial Candidate," August 11, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 wfsb.com, "Bacchiochi concedes GOP race for lt. governor to Somers," August 13, 2014
  15. The Associated Press, "Connecticut - Summary Vote Results," August 13, 2014
  16. NBC Connecticut, "Race results: Connecticut Primary Election," August 13, 2014
  17. Connecticut Secretary of State, "Statement of Vote," accessed August 13, 2014
  18. ctpost.com, "Lieutenant governor GOP primary too close to call," August 12, 2014
  19. The Hartford Courant, "Lieutenant Governor Primary Still Too Close To Call," August 13, 2014
  20. Connecticut Secretary of State, "Candidate List, 2014 General Election," accessed October 13, 2014
  21. theday.com, "Petition process not easy, but works," September 7, 2014
  22. The Hartford Courant, "Nader Signed Pelto's Petition To Get On Ballot," August 6, 2014
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  24. Foley for Connecticut, "Restoring Pride and Prosperity in Connecticut," accessed October 14, 2014 (timed out)
  25. Dan Malloy for Connecticut, "Progress on the Economy," accessed October 14, 2014
  26. Visconti for Governor, "Tax Reform," accessed October 14, 2014 (dead link)
  27. Wesleyan Media Project, "GOP Groups Keeping Senate Contests Close," September 30, 2014
  28. United States Elections Project, "2014 November General Election Turnout Rates," November 7, 2014
  29. TIME, "Voter Turnout in Midterm Elections Hits 72-Year Low," November 10, 2014
  30. PBS, "2014 midterm election turnout lowest in 70 years," November 10, 2014
  31. U.S. News & World Report, "Midterm Turnout Down in 2014," November 5, 2014