Constitutional officers

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Constitutional officers are county level elected positions in some states, Wisconsin among them. In Wisconsin Article VI, Section 4 of the constitution specifies the following officers:

All of these positions are elected by members of the appropriate county, however, if the office of sheriff, coroner, register of deeds, judge or district attorney should be vacated prior to the expiration of its term, the state governor shall appoint a replacement.[1] If the office of clerk of circuit clerk is vacated prior to its expiration, the judge of the circuit court may appoint a replacement.[2] Any elected official in Wisconsin is subject to recall by the people.[3]

Counties of 500,000 or more people do not have surveyors or coroners, and counties with populations less than 500,000 have the option of retaining a coroner or instituting a medical examiner system. Two or more counties may institute a joint ME system.[4]

The governor of Wisconsin has the right to remove any of these elected constitutional officers (with the exceptions of county clerk, treasurer and surveyor) upon providing the officer with a copy of charges of wrongdoing and allowing them a hearing.[5]


  1. Wisconsin Constitution, Article VI, Section 4, Sub-sections (5) and (6) and Article VII, Section 9
  2. Wisconsin Constitution, Article VII, Section 12, Sub-section (3)
  3. Wisconsin Constitution, Article XIII, Section 12
  4. Wisconsin Constitution, Article VI, Section 4, Sub-section (2)
  5. Wisconsin Constitution, Article VI, Section 4, Sub-section (4)